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Iraq

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عراق


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Republic of Iraq: Middle Eastern country, northwest of the Persian Gulf. It used to be called Mesopotamia in ancient times and gave hosted some of the world's earliest civilizations, including those of Sumer, Akkad, and Babylon. In the 6th century BC, Cyrus the Great of neighboring Persia defeated the Neo-Babylonian Empire and Iraq was annexed into the Achaemenid Empire for nearly four centuries. In the late 4th century B.C., Alexander the Great conquered the region, putting it under Hellenistic Seleucid rule for nearly two centuries. The Parthians conquered the region during the reign of Mithridates I of Parthia (r. 171-138 BC). From Syria, the Romans invaded the region several times. The Sassanid Persians under Ardashir I destroyed the Parthian Empire and conquered the region in 224 AD. The region was thus a province of the Persian Empire for nine centuries, until the Islamic conquest of Mesopotamia in the 7th century AD.Thus, Iraq was usually one of main satraps within the Persian Empire until Arabs conquered and ruled it in the 7th century AD, and Baghdad (near Tisfun) became the throne of the Caliph until Mongols took over in 1258. Iraq exchanged hands between Ottomans and Safavids until the British occupied the country during World War I and settled the puppet kingdom of Iraq in 1921. Iraq was occupied again during World War II . The monarchy was restored, but a revolution followed by a series of military coups created the Bath Party and Saddam Hussein established his totalitarian rule in 1968. Saddam's adventures led to the Iran-Iraq War of the 1980s, the Persian Gulf War of 1990-91, and UN economic embargo resulting in death, destruction and a miserable economy. In 2003, Iraq was occupied by an Anglo-American invasion. (Wikipedia) - Iraq; officially the Republic of Iraq (u062Cu0645u0647u0648u0631u064Au0629 u0627u0644u0639u0631u0627u0642 u01E6umhu016Briyyat l-u02BFIru0101q, Kurdish: u0643u0624u0645u0627u0631u06CC u0639u06CEu0631u0627u0642, Komara u00CEraqu00EA is a country in Western Asia spanning most of the northwestern end of the Zagros mountain range, the eastern part of the Syrian Desert and the northern part of the Arabian Desert. Iraq is bordered by Jordan to the west, Syria to the northwest, Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, and Kuwait and Saudi Arabia to the south. Iraq has a narrow section of coastline measuring 58 km on the northern Persian G

Tags:1968, Achaemenid, Achaemenid Empire, Akkad, Alexander the Great, American, Arabia, Ardashir I, Asia, Babylon, Baghdad, British, Cyrus, Cyrus the Great, Iran, Iraq, Islamic, Jordan, Kurdish, Kuwait, Mesopotamia, Middle Eastern, Mithridates I of Parthia, Parthia, Parthian, Parthian Empire, Persia, Persian, Persian Gulf, Persian Gulf War, Saddam, Saddam Hussein, Sassanid, Saudi, Saudi Arabia, Seleucid, Syria, Syrian, Tisfun, Turkey, Wikipedia, World War I, World War II, Zagros





See All 39 items matching Iraq in Media Gallery

Police guarding Camp Ashraf base of MKO in Iraq  on Dec, 9, 2011 against mounting discontent with US protection of the terrorist group since invasion of Iraq in 2003. Populist flags bearing figures of Shia saints used for deception of public did not work.
Iranian Soldier wearing a mask against Chemical weapons used by Saddam Iran-Iraq War killing or injuring thousands of civilians and military personnel. European countries such as Germany and Netherlands were primary suppliers of chemical agents
The Zab River in today's Kurdistan/Iraq has a great history. In 750 CE, the last Umayyad caliph Marwan II was defeated by the Abbasid As-Saffah in the Battle of the Zab on the banks of the Great Zab.
Iranian Army Divers by the Arvand River during the Iran Iraq War. These brave soldiers were front-line breakers that staged surprise attacks on enemy in most dangerous conditions. They paved the way for regular army units to operate.
Iranian women participated in the Sacred Defense against Iraqi invasion of Iran in 1980. Mosques in Khorramshahr became the center for organization of the Iranian resistance against a coalition of countries who actively supported Saddam Hussein.
While Iran and Iraq were negotiating truce, MKO terrorists assaulted in full to capture strongholds in Kurdistan but they were crushed during the Mersad operation that started on July, 28, 1988:4800 of mercenaries were killed while others fled to Iraq.

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