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Hormoz Island

Ormuz, Hormuz Island

جزیره هرمز

Situated in the Strait of Hormoz in Persian Gulf, the island is 8 km off the coast of Iran.
Hormuz Island also spelled Hormoz is an Iranian island in the Persian Gulf. It is located in the Strait of Hormoz and is part of the Hormozgan Province.
Hormoz Island has an area of 42 km². It is covered by sedimentary rock and layers of volcanic material on its surface. The highest point of the island is about 186 meters above sea level. Due to a lack of precipitation, the soil and water are salty. Specialists have helped cultivar Hara trees to grow in the climate. Due to the lack of fresh water, Iranian engineers piped water from the mainland of Iran underground.
The island was known as Organa to the ancient Greeks and as Jarun among some Arabs. It acquired the name of Hormoz from the important harbor town of Hormoz on the mainland 60 km away which had been a center of a minor principality on both sides of the strait. Around the year of 1300 its ruler decided to shift his residence to the island in order to evade attacks by Mongolian and Turkish groups from the interior.
A new town was built on the northern tip of Hormoz Island which was called New Hormoz for a number of years to distinguish it from the old town on the mainland until this fell into ruins. Slowly the name of the new town came to be used for the island as well.
The extremely arid and during the summer months very hot island was not an ideal location for the capital of a principality as all provisions including water had to be brought from the mainland. Its location, however, gave it a degree of security which let it grow to be a major trading port for several centuries especially as its competitors suffered repeatedly from destructions through acts of war and plunder.
In the 15th century Hormoz was visited several times by a Chinese fleet led by Zheng He.
The island was conquered by the Portuguese explorer Afonso de Albuquerque in the Capture of Ormuz (1507) and became a part of the Portuguese Empire. There is a historic Portuguese fortress on Hormoz Island, the Fort of Our Lady of the Conception. The island was then captured by a combined Anglo-Persian force in 1622.
Shah Abbas I was not interested to maintain the island as a trading center and developed the nearby mainland port of Bandar Abbas instead. The city went into decline. Many of its inhabitants spent part of the year at fields and orchards around the old Hormoz on the mainland, only fishermen being in permanent residence. The island continued to export small quantities of rock salt and lumps of iron oxide which were used as ballast stones for sailing ships.
After a period of Omani administration in the 19th century it remained just as a sparsely inhabited fishermen island and showed some development since the later years of the 20th century.

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A commercial ship at the harbor near the Portuguese Castle in Hormoz Island on shores of the Persian Gulf.Hormuz Island was liberated on Apr, 21, 1622. from Portuguese invasion by Shah Abbas the Great with help from the British navy.
Hormuz Island was liberated on Apr, 21, 1622. from Portuguese invasion. April, 21st is celebrated in Iran as the National Persian Gulf Day when Iranians engage in activities such as illustration of the Persian Gulf using colorful sands.
The beautiful Khezr Beach on the Hormoz Island of the Persian Gulf in 2008. Hormuz Island also spelled Hormoz is an Iranian island in the Persian Gulf. It is located in the Strait of Hormoz and is part of the Hormozgan Province.
This Portuguese Cannon made of brass from Hormoz Island is on display at the Miyanposhteh Palace and Military Museum in Anzali. The Portuguese Occupied Hormoz Island on May, 4/, 515 and was liberated on Apr, 21, 1622.
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