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Hasan Sabbah

Hassan Sabah,Seyyedena

حسن صباح ، حسن بن علی بن محمد بن جعفربن الحسین بن محمد الصباح حِمَیری


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Hasan Sabbah (c.1050 Qom-June, 19, 1124) was an Iranian leading a revolt during the Seljuk reign. His father claimed to be of royal blood. He was originally a 12 Imam Shia and after a trip to Egypt he became a follower of the Ismailism faith with 7 Imams. When he was an infant, his family moved to Rhagae and mastered sciences of his time. Some other historians claim that he went to primary school in Neishabour where he is said to have been a classmate of Omar Khayyam and Nezamolmolk. When he became 17, Hasan Sabbah travelled to Egypt where he got acquainted with Ismailism faith. Upon his return, because of his powerful speeches, he gathered a large group of followers whose numbers increased day by day.He then occupied the legendary Alamout Castle and used it as a command center to capture many castles across Iran. He invented a method of assassination where the killer was ready to sacrifice his life. Each assassin was a member of one of a pyramid-like 10 command levels, and he only knew his superior and few other members. In this manner, he created great fear among Seljuk leaders who felt death on their neck all the time. His movement lasted for 95 years, followed by Kia Bozorg after whom the great power corrupted the successors until the Alamout castle fell in hands of Hulagu Khan.Assassins had radical teachings and sometimes followers were asked to perform extreme tasks including suicide and killing of a relative to prove their loyalty. (Wikipedia) - Hassan-i Sabbah   (Redirected from Hasan Sabbah) Leader of Nizārī Ismā''īlī state Hassan-i Sabbah Title Born Died Jurisprudence Main interest(s)
Lord of Alamut
1050s
12 June 1124 (26 Rabi''o-Saani 518)
Ismaili Shi`ism
Islamic theology, Islamic jurisprudence, Islamic law
Influenced
  • Rashid-al-Din Hamadani, Kia Bozorg Omid
Artistic rendering of Hassan-e Sabbah   Part of a series on Shīa IslamIsma‘ilism Concepts Seven Pillars Musta‘li & Nizari History Early Imāms Groups and present leaders
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Hassan-i Sabbāh (Persian: حسن صباح‎; 1050s–1124) was a Nizārī Ismā‘īlī missionary who converted a community in the late 11th century in the heart of the Alborz Mountains of northern Persia. He later seized a mountain fortress called Alamut and used it as the headquarters for a decentralized Persian insurrection against the dominant Seljuk Turks. He founded a group of fedayeen whose members are sometimes referred to as the Hashshashin, or "Assassins".

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