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Dariush the Great

Darius I

داریوش کبیر

Dariush I known as Dariush the Great (550-486 BC) King of Persia (522-486 BC). He was the son of Hystaspes, satrap of Parthia. Much of what is known of him is through his own inscriptions. He took the throne by force, killing Bardiya, a son of Cyrus the Great, calling him an impostor who had usurped power. He continued the conquests of his predecessors, subduing Thrace, Macedonia, some Aegean islands, and land stretching to the Indus valley. He failed in his great expedition against the Scythians (513) but put down the Ionian revolt (499), which had been supported by Eretria and Athens. After that he twice tried to conquer Greece, but a storm destroyed his fleet in 492 and the Athenians defeated him at the Battle of Marathon in 490. He died before a third expedition could be launched. Among the greatest of the Achaemenian dynasty, he was noted for his administrative genius and his building projects, especially those at Persepolis.

See All 3 items matching Dariush the Great in Media Gallery

Ancient Egypt Map Herodotus: an Inscription by Achaemenid king Dariush the Great describes construction of a Canal connecting the Red Sea to Nile River in Egypt around 520 B.C..
Fragment of the Chalouf stele kept at Louvre, shows an  Inscription by Achaemenid king Dariush the Great describing construction of a Canal connecting the Red Sea to Nile River in Egypt.
Behistun Inscription shows Achaemenid king Dariush the Great putting his feet over the body of Bardia (Gaumata) or false Smerdis who was a magian claiming to be the brother of Cambyses. Other leaders of concurrent revolts are brought before him in chains.
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