The Iranian History Era :

Sassanid Empire (226 - 651) AD

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June, 11, 226 A.D.:
Eternal Fire Decorates Coins Of Iran


Ardeshir Babakan, the founder of the Sassanid dynasty announced a golden coin bearing the embossed image of the Eternal Fire in a cup standing on a pedestal as the official coin of Iran. He began minting those coins in 224 in Persis.The Eternal Fire which is an important symbol of Zoroastrian religi... Read Full Article:


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September, 26, 226 A.D.:
Beginning Of The Sassanid Dynasty


According to some historians, Sassanid dynasty begins on this date with Ardeshir I (226-241) when he enters Tisfun and ends with death of Yazdgerd 3 in 652. Sassan means keeper of the fire in Estakhr's Anahita temple. According to the legend, Sassan was a nobleman from Indian or Achaemenid descent w... Read Full Article:


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October, 3, 226 A.D.:
Ardeshir Marries Mitra


Ardeshir Babakan, the founder of the Sassanid Empire who had just proclaimed Shahanshah married Mitra the daughter of Vologases V who was succeeded by his son Vologases VI, but another son Artabanus IV rebelled. Ardeshir I defeated Artabanus IV in 226 and conquered the eastern provinces of Parthia. ... Read Full Article:


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December, 21, 233 A.D.:
Zoroastrianism Announced Official State Religion


During Alexander's conquest of Persia, all copies of the holy book Avesta was burned, and the scientific sections that the Greeks could use were dispersed among themselves. Under the reign of King Valax of the Arsacid Dynasty, an attempt was made to restore the Avesta but Hellenism was practiced des... Read Full Article:


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March, 14, 244 A.D.:
Romans Defeated At Misikhe


The Battle of Misikhe (between Jan. 13 and March 14, 244 AD.) was fought between the Sassanid Persians and the Romans in Misikhe in ancient Mesopotamia on Babylon borders. The result was a Roman defeat.The initial war began when the Roman Emperor Gordian III invaded Persia in 243. His troops advance... Read Full Article:


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November, 3, 245 A.D.:
Foundation Of Caspian City


The city of Caspian (Qazvin) was built in 3 years following an order from Shapour I in Nov, 3, 245. Shapour I built many great cities naming them after himself such as Neishabour but respecting the Caspian people that lived in this region named it Caspian. Ironically the Caspian sea is called Khazar... Read Full Article:


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December, 22, 247 A.D.:
Tirdad Ascends The Throne


Tirdad I the second Iranian king from Parthians ascends the throne in the city of Damghan. During his coronation ceremony King Tirdad makes a pledge to the people to not rest until the last Seleucid is thrown into the Mediterranean Sea. Same day, Tirdad sent forces to Hyrcania to punish the ruler wh... Read Full Article:


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June, 11, 250 A.D.:
Gondishapour Library Inaugurated


Gondishapour Library which was the greatest of its kind in the ancient times was inaugurated alongside a university to become the center for researches in the fields of medicine, astronomy, mathematics, and philosophy where instructors from India, Iran, Greece and Rome used to teach the latest scien... Read Full Article:


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June, 10, 256 A.D.:
Selucus Captured


The Iranian army headed by Shapour I defeated the Roman army and entered the northern Selucus city also known as Zogma by the Euphrates. Zogma was the main garrison of the Roman army in Mesopotamia. Shapour I immediately ordered his officers to preserve artworks as they were. Centuries later during ... Read Full Article:


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November, 24, 266 A.D.:
Construction of Bishapour Was Completed.


Construction of Bishapour was completed after nearly six years following an order by Shapour I. He was very found of building cities and naming them after himself, though the name of cities gradually changed in time specially after Arab domination as the letter 'p' does not exist in Arabic, in text ... Read Full Article:


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September, 14, 272 A.D.:
Hormazd I Becomes King


After Shapour I, his son Hormazd I (272-273) whose throne name was Ardeshir 2 becomes king but his kingdom lasted only one year. Some accounts indicate that his reign started on Jan, 29, 271. Hormazd suffered from physical illness and was not able rule the country well, specially compared to his fat... Read Full Article:


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September, 14, 273 A.D.:
Bahram I Becomes King


After Hormazd I, Bahram I (273-276) also son of Shapour I becomes the new Sassanid king. In 276 prophet Mani, the founder of Manichaeism was brutally killed after prosecution. His body was filled with hay and his body was hung by one of the gates of Gondishapour. The gate became famous as Mani's gat... Read Full Article:


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September, 13, 276 A.D.:
Bahram 2. Becomes King


Bahram 2 (276-293), son of Bahram I proclaims the new Sassanid king. In his time Carus, the Roman Caesar attacked Iran and advanced to Tisfun but Romans retreated after he died and in 283 made an agreement that left parts of Armenia and Mesopotamia to Romans. Hormazd the governor of Khorasan, the br... Read Full Article:


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February, 16, 277 A.D.:
Prophet Mani Executed


Prophet Mani, the great philosopher and the founder of the Manichaeism religion was executed after 5 months in prison. His faith suggested that materialism was the reason for human wrongdoings such as lies, murder, etc. He preached value of idealism and believed that children should be educated at e... Read Full Article:


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September, 28, 280 A.D.:
Bahram 2. Rejects Roman Offer


The Roman Emperor Probus sent his envoy to Iran offering to share The East between the two empires. The Sassanid king Bahram 2 rejects this offer just before Mehregan festivities. Probus had to deal with revolts and wars all over the vast Roman empire, thus he sought peace with Iranians for the time... Read Full Article:


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September, 9, 293 A.D.:
Bahram 3. Becomes King


Bahram 3 known as Sakanshah (King of Sistan) became the new Sassanid king after his father.'s death on Sep, 9, 293. He was the only son of Bahram 2. and he had been appointed governor of Sekestan as Crown Prince around 280 A.D.His reign lasted for only 4 months challenged by his uncle Narsi (293-301... Read Full Article:


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September, 7, 302 A.D.:
Hormazd 2. Becomes King


Hormazd 2 (302-309), son of Narsi becomes new Sassanid king on Sep, 7, 302 A.D.. Hormazd 2. was the eighth Persian king of the Sassanid Empire, and reigned for seven years and five months, from 302 to 309. After his death, his unborn child Shapour 2 was declared king. The queen, while still pregnant... Read Full Article:


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September, 5, 309 A.D.:
Shapour 2. Becomes King


As soon as Shapour 2 (309-379) becomes the new Sassanid king when he was a fetus. After his father's death, nobles declare his pregnant wife's child the new king. Indeed Shapour 2's era is also known as the first golden era. He soon proves his abilities as a teenager by cleaning Iran from invaders, ... Read Full Article:


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April, 18, 331 A.D.:
Expulsion Of Invading Arabs To Kerman


After squelching the uprising by Arabs who had migrated from Arabia to Bahrain, Shapour 2 ordered their expulsion to the area near Kerman. It's been reported that their shoulders had been punctured to let a rope get through as a punishment and that may be the reason Shapour was called Zolaktaf meani... Read Full Article:


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April, 10, 336 A.D.:
Norooz Cease-Fire Brings Peace with Romans


After 26 years of war, the commander of the Iranian forces proposed a cease-fire one day before Norooz for national celebrations. The offer was accepted by Constantine for two weeks. At the end of the term that was prolonged to 22 days , Constantine postponed war indefinitely to attend the celebrati... Read Full Article:


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September, 22, 337 A.D.:
Start Of Persian Roman Wars


Constantine 2 started another war with Shapour 2 after a year of peace. The Roman Empire was split into two regions and Christianity was spread throughout the Eastern Roman Empire, hence the nature of wars changed as Iranians promoted the Zoroastrian religion. During the first decade the conflicts d... Read Full Article:


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December, 3, 359 A.D.:
Shapour 2. Gives A Last Ultimatum To Romans


After seizing Amida, Shapour 2 sent a warning letter to the Roman Constantinus to retreat from Iranian territories immediately so that situation would turn to normal. Romans were piling up and disturbing tax collection.The letter was received on Dec, 3rd. The Roman emperor was trying to gain time an... Read Full Article:


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May, 26, 363 A.D.:
The Battle Of Ctesiphon (Tisfun)


After the death of Constantinus 2 on Nov, 3, 361, Julianus Apostata proclaimed the sole Emperor of Rome. He spent more than 2 years preparing for an expedition against the Sassanid Empire. Intelligence from Roman spies suggested that Shapour 2’s departure from capital was the best time for an all... Read Full Article:


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June, 26, 363 A.D.:
The Battle Of Samara


After more than 2 years in preparation for a counter-strike against Iran, Julianus Apostata gathered an unprecedented army of 90,000 Franks, Germans, and Croatians to punish Shapour 2. He used Shapour's absence from capital as an opportunity and marched towards Tisfun on March, 5, 363. Shapour's mai... Read Full Article:


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August, 28, 378 A.D.:
Shapour Rejects War Proposal


According to documents found in 1453, during a meeting in Tisfun palace in August, 28, 378, Iranian generals give the news to Shapour about Roman emperor's recent death during a war and suggested that Shapour use this occasion to drive Romans back to the other side of Danube while they are weak and ... Read Full Article:


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August, 19, 379 A.D.:
Ardeshir 3. Becomes King


After Shapour 2's death, Ardeshir 3 (379-383) becomes the new Sassanid king. There's a debate whether he was the son or the brother of Shapour 2. His opposition to the nobles and leaders caused him to resign after 4 years.... Read Full Article:


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March, 11, 388 A.D.:
Bahram IV Becomes King


After the death of Shapour 3, Bahram 4 his brother( or his son according to some accounts) ascended the Sassanid throne. Because Bahram IV used to be the governor of Kerman, his was known as Kermanshah meaning king of Kerman (not to be confused with the city of Kermanshah)He signed a peace treaty wi... Read Full Article:


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March, 21, 399 A.D.:
Christians Free To Practice


A group of Christians missionaries succeeded to meet with the king Yazdgerd I asking for freedom to practice their religion. Because of the occasion (Persian new year), their wishes were granted.... Read Full Article:


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October, 22, 399 A.D.:
Yazdgerd Wants Peace With Romans


According to the report by the Roman ambassador to Tisfun, Yazdgerd I in his first public meeting expressed his willingness to follow a dialogue policy rather than war with Romans because resources on both sides were being wasted. Yazdgerd's reign lasted for 21 years during which he observed a polic... Read Full Article:


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December, 13, 402 A.D.:
The Iranian Army Divided By Four


In the time of the Sassanid king Yazdgerd I, after two years of evaluation, the Iranian army was divided to four divisions as follows: First army stationed in was Marv to defend the country against the yellow coming from far east and China. This army was designated fixed and it was not to be used an... Read Full Article:


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May, 12, 420 A.D.:
War Starts With Romans


Theodosius II the Roman emperor started a war with Iranians that lasted for 2 years. Before the war, the best Roman garrison was appointed to seize Derafsh Kaviani in order to demoralize the Iranian soldiers but all attempts failed. The flag was 50x70 centimeters, On top there's Farvahar, embossed f... Read Full Article:


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November, 18, 420 A.D.:
Bahram 5. Proclaims King


Bahram 5th also known as Bahram Goor proclaimed kingdom nine days after his father Yazdgerd was accidentally killed by a horse-kick. Bahram V was the fourteenth Sassanid King (421–438).Iranian nobles, mostly clergymen did not want him as king because 1. his father gave freedom of religion to all f... Read Full Article:


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August, 26, 429 A.D.:
Bahram V replaces Governor Of Armenia


A group of Armenians leaded by a priest ask Bahram Goor to replace Ardeshir the governor of Armenia with an Armenian one. Reportedly a Christian missionary was slain in Kurdistan causing unrest among Armenians. Bahram dismissed Ardeshir replacing him with Vimehr Shapour who was a Zoroastrian and ask... Read Full Article:


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March, 25, 441 A.D.:
Yazdgerd 2. Declares War On Roman Empire


2 years after disappearance of his father Bahram V (Goor), Yazdgerd 2 became king and on March, 25, 441 declared war on Rome because Romans were piling up in northern parts of Iran and were inciting Armenians for revolt against Sassanid government. Yazdgerd 2 was a Zoroastrian zealot that was under ... Read Full Article:


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August, 21, 441 A.D.:
Neishabour Becomes Capital


After making a peace deal with the Romans, Yazdgerd 2 decided to announce the city of Neishabour which was founded by Shapour I, the new capital. Iran used to have more than one capital at the same time because of vastness of the empire. The reason behind Yazdgerd's decision was creating a center in... Read Full Article:


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January, 21, 451 A.D.:
Revolt In Armenia


The reign of Yazdgerd 2nd, the 16th king of the Sassanid Dynasty started with serious invasions by the Huns in Bactria. He successfully secured Bactria and turned towards west to show his Iron feast where unrest erupted in some territories under dispute with the Roman Empire, specially Armenia and C... Read Full Article:


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May, 26, 451 A.D.:
Sassanid Victory In Armenia


The Sassanid Persians once ruled an empire that included parts of India, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iran, eastern Mesopotamia, Armenia and Tajikistan. The Roman Empire used Armenia for a proxy war with Iran. The Battle of Avarayr was fought on May 26, 451 on the Avarayr Plain in Vaspurakan, between the ... Read Full Article:


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November, 14, 467 A.D.:
First Rain After 3 Years Of Drought


After 3 years of severe drought in Iran first drops of rain were reported. The Sassanid dynasty was experiencing hard days due to the fact that the Iranian population were mostly farmers whose lives were dependant on agriculture. Pirouz the Sassanid king ordered celebrations around the country. Anci... Read Full Article:


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January, 13, 473 A.D.:
Bahram's Arab Trainer Dies


Monzir, the martial arts trainer of Bahram 5th died on Jan, 13, 473. Monzir was an Arab who taught Bahram fighting techniques died. Also known as Bahram Goor for his skills in hunting zebras, Bahram was a son of Yazdgerd 1st (399 - 421), after whose sudden death he gained the crown against the oppos... Read Full Article:


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November, 17, 487 A.D.:
King Balash Dethroned


Although general Zarmehr had defeated the fWhite Huns, Balash (Vologases) was cleared off his rights as king and blinded due to his weak position against White Huns. During a secret assembly among the Sassanid nobles and leaders. Ghobad (Kavadh) son of Pirouz was declared king. He then gathered an a... Read Full Article:


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November, 21, 488 A.D.:
Mazdak Announces His Socialism Doctrine


Mazdak, son of Bamdad who was a Zoroastrian priest started preaching his doctrines also known as Mazdakism which is believed to be the first form of socialism (communalism and populism) 1360 years before Marx published his famous manifest. Mazdak believed in equal rights among human beings and that ... Read Full Article:


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March, 23, 519 A.D.:
Khosrau Anoushirvan Becomes Crown Prince


The Sassanid king Ghobad announced his third son Khosrau Anoushirvan crown prince as his successor. Despite the fact that he had 2 elder sons, he pointed out that Anoushirvan was the most suitable for the task. His other son, Kavoos was appointed as the governor of Tabarestan. Ghobad's other son was... Read Full Article:


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November, 20, 520 A.D.:
Iran Declares War On East Roman Empire


After 3 consequent formal ultimatums, Ghobad declares war on East Romans (Constantinopole) The Iranian army soon advances in Roman territory occupying cities including Theodoropolis. Anastasius, the young Roman emperor consequently asked for a ceasefire. According to the peace treaty that had been... Read Full Article:


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December, 12, 525 A.D.:
The City Of Argan Built


Upon completion of the city built by the order of Ghobad I between Estakhr and Susa, a meeting among noblemen took place in the palace in Tisfun to decide on a name for the city. It was agreed that it won't be appropriate to name it after Ghobad who was still alive, therefore they named it Argan. Th... Read Full Article:


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July, 5, 527 A.D.:
Order Restored In Darband


Ghobad I of Sassanid dynasty repelled Khazars to the other side of the Volga river. After clearing the Caucasia from nomadic tribes, reconstruction of the city of Darband was started. His son, Khosrau Anoushirvan was assigned as the supervisor for the fortification project including walls as tall as... Read Full Article:


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April, 19, 531 A.D.:
Roman Army Defeated At Callinicum


The Battle of Callinicum took place on the Easter day (19 April) of 531, between the armies of the Eastern Roman Empire under Belisarius and the Sassanid Persians under Azarethes. After a defeat at the Battle of Dara in 530, the Sassanids moved to take Syria in an attempt to turn the tide of the war... Read Full Article:


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September, 23, 542 A.D.:
Sukhumi Taken Back From Roman Occupation


During the second round of the Persian-Roman wars that started in 359 A.D., the Iranian army took back the port city of Sukhumi from the occupiers, thus; cleaning Caucasia from Romans. The population of Abkhazia was forcefuly converted to Christianity and Sukhumi was named Sebastopolis. The Romans h... Read Full Article:


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March, 9, 551 A.D.:
Tagh-e-Kasra Construction Completed


Tagh-e-Kasra was an addition to the Madaen palace in Tisfun, 36 km south of Baghdad. The construction of this magnificent structure began in 549 by an order from Khosrau Anoushirvan. This eclipical structure is the only roof in the ancient world built with no supporting poles. Underneath, the famous... Read Full Article:


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September, 25, 552 A.D.:
Iran-Roman Peace Treaty


The Roman army was defeated in Caucasia and peace negotiations went on for some time. Finally the Romans accepted to pay a fine equal to 3400 kilograms of gold in exchange for peace. According to this agreement, the first payment which was received by King Anoushirvan. Romans had started the war and... Read Full Article:


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January, 26, 560 A.D.:
Anoushirvan Introduces Dehgan System


Four days before the Sadeh ceremonies, on Jan, 26, 560 AD a new body called Dehgan is introduced to Iranian villages by Khosrau Anoushirvan, the 23rd ruler of the Sassanid Dynasty (r. 531-579). The citizens of each village were to choose the Dehgan to represent them and had other duties such as: Col... Read Full Article:


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February, 22, 560 A.D.:
Avar Invaders Defeated


Border patrol units of the Iranian army defeated invading Avar forces that were trying to intrude the Iranian territory. Avars tried again the following year through the western coasts of the Caspian sea but they were defeated again and forced towards Europe were they galloped and ravaged until they... Read Full Article:


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September, 8, 562 A.D.:
Yemen Seeks Persian Help


Tribal leaders from Yemen were accepted by king Anoushirvan at the Tisfun palace. The Ethiopian occupation of Yemen around 520 with Byzantine help established the kingdom of Aksum, primarily, to cut off silk supplies as part of economic war against the Persians. After consulting advisors and militar... Read Full Article:


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October, 5, 579 A.D.:
Syria Taken Back From Romans


In a fierce battle between the Persian and Roman army, Iranians take back Syria causing a heavy toll on the Roman army. On Oct, 6 the count was completed showing 27,000 dead Roman soldiers and 20,000 taken captive. Emperor Justine had been defeated twice before and had appointed General Tiberius as ... Read Full Article:


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November, 28, 588 A.D.:
Khaghan Shabeh of China killed


Khaghan of China had invaded Iran with 300,000 soldiers with elephant units and had stationed in Bactra. Hormoz, the Sassanid king gathered military elites in Tisfun. Army general Bahram Chubin was chosen to counter the attack. Bahram gathered 12,000 of his best men, each with 3 horses and headed f... Read Full Article:


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November, 23, 589 A.D.:
Khosrau 2. Escapes To Constantinople


Khosrau Parviz AKA Khosrau 2, escapes to Constantinople in order to get help from Maurice, the East Roman emperor and fight Bahram Chubin, an army general from the city of Ray who became a rebel after being dismissed from his duty. Maurice gave a full army under Khosrau's command. With help from his... Read Full Article:


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October, 11, 599 A.D.:
Ali Is Born


Ali, the cousin of Prophet Mohammad was born in Mecca on Friday, Oct, 11, 599. This date is 23 years before the beginning of the Islamic Hijri calendar which is based on the time Prophet Mohammad migrated from Mecca to Medina. Imam Ali was a ward of Mohammad and saved him from an assassination plot.... Read Full Article:


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July, 12, 605 A.D.:
Khosrau Parviz Attacks Romans


Less than three years after the Roman emperor Maurice was killed on his way to Tisfun in order to get help from the Iranian king, by an order from Khosrau Parviz, Iranian army units advanced from Southwest and Southeast towards East Roman Empire territory. Units of these two army columns conquered A... Read Full Article:


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July, 9, 610 A.D.:
First Revelation Of Mohammad


God sent angel Gabriel to Mohammad and ordered him to read on July, 9, 610 (Aug, 10 according to some other accounts). This was the First Revelation of Mohammad in the Cave of Hera where he was meditating for three years day and night.Mohammad was illiterate and replied that he could not read 3 time... Read Full Article:


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December, 9, 622 A.D.:
Heraclius Defeats The Iranian Army


Bringing the True Cross from Jerusalem to Tisfun had made Christians angry. Roman emperor Heraclius used this occasion to use the gold in churches for mintage and gathered a great army including Turkic Khazar mercenaries. Emperor Heraclius transported his army through the Aegean sea and took the Sas... Read Full Article:


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July, 25, 623 A.D.:
Muslims Turn From Qods To Mecca


Followers of Prophet Mohammad used to pray towards Qods until he migrated from Mecca to Medina. The Prophet however, used to perform prayer sermons aligned in a way that Kaaba came in between which was no more possible after migration to Medina. On Jan, 15, 624, in the middle of noon prayers, Mohamm... Read Full Article:


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March, 25, 624 A.D.:
Byzantine Assault On Persia


(Wikipedia) - In 624 A.D., Heraclius offered peace to Sassanian emperor Khosrau Parviz, threatening otherwise to invade Persia, but Khosrau rejected the offer. On March 25, 624, Heraclius left Constantinople to attack the Persian heartland. To do this, he willingly abandoned any attempt to secure hi... Read Full Article:


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December, 12, 627 A.D.:
Roma Defeats Persia At Neynava


The battle fought in Nineveh was the peak of a series of battles that had started in 622 by the Roman Empire to push back Iranians to their original boundaries. In 602 Khosrau Parviz had begun a long war against the Byzantine Empire and by 619 had conquered almost all southwestern Asia Minor and Egy... Read Full Article:


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April, 3, 628 A.D.:
Khosrau Parviz Executed


The Iranian king Khosrau Parviz who was imprisoned in the Tisfun palace was executed on this day after a decision by generals, noblemen and his own son Shirouyeh. His reign was disastrous for Iranians because of unnecessary actions such as deployment of armed forces to Egypt, disrespecting Christian... Read Full Article:


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April, 27, 630 A.D.:
Ardeshir 3. Died


Ardeshir 3 died when he was only 9 years old in mysterious way. It was the time of all kinds of conspiracy in the Sassanid royal family. People were corrupt and a power struggle had devastated the kingdom. Discrimination in a class based society that did not observe people's rights had also led to g... Read Full Article:


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June, 9, 630 A.D.:
Pourandokht Becomes Queen


44 days after the mysterious death of Ardeshir 3, the army Sepahbod Shahrbaraz who was ruling the country was slain and the country entered turmoil. Khosrau 3., a nephew of Khosrau Parviz proclaimed king in Khorasan but he was slain by the governor soon after. Javanshir, a son pf Khosrau Parviz made... Read Full Article:


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December, 25, 630 A.D.:
Iran Signs Peace Treaty With Romans


The Sassanid Dynasty was in a turmoil and Queen Pourandokht was trying to take the vast empire out of this dead-end. Therefore she proposed a peace treaty to Romans which was accepted and signed later on Dec, 29, 630. Citizens were totally unpleased with the class based society they were living in,... Read Full Article:


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March, 19, 632 A.D.:
Prophet Mohammad Appoints Successor


On his way back from his last Hajj pilgrimage, Prophet Mohammad ordered a gathering at Khom, an oasis 64 km from Mecca, on the way back to Medina. He made a speech in which he appointed his cousin Imam Ali as his successor. Although both Shiite and Sunni sources accept the event, the latter interpre... Read Full Article:


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June, 16, 632 A.D.:
Yazdgerd 3.Ascends The Throne


Yazdgerd 3 was the 35th and the last king of the Sassanid Dynasty. His father was Shahriar whose mother was Miriam, the daughter of the Byzantine Emperor Maurice. Yazdgerd 3 was the grandson of Khosrau Parviz and Shirin. Yazdgerd 3 ascended the throne on June, 16 632 at the age of 21, after a series... Read Full Article:


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September, 27, 635 A.D.:
The Battle Of Qadesiya


The battle of Qadesiya was a decisive victory for the Muslim Arabs in 14 AH in the time of Caliph Omar. Qadesiya was a small village by Euphrates near Kufa. In this battle, the famous Iranian flag was lost which was a great dishonor for the Iranian army. Until this time the Arab invaders were not ta... Read Full Article:


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July, 28, 636 A.D.:
Moving Capital From Tisfun Approved


In a meeting at the imperial palace in Tisfun, the Iranian noblemen suggested moving the capital from Tisfun to Estakhr for security reasons. King Yazdgerd 3 first accepted the proposal but he changed his mind later. The Iranian army had just been defeated and Derafsh Kaviani had been seized by the ... Read Full Article:


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March, 3, 637 A.D.:
Arabs Capture Tisfun


The Siege of Ctesiphon by the Arab army lasted about two months, from January to March 637. Ctesiphon, located on the east bank of the Tigris, was an imperial capital of the Sassanid Empire. Soon after the conquest of the city by Arabs, Sassanid rule in Iraq ended.Ctesiphon, 30 km southeast of moder... Read Full Article:


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February, 20, 641 A.D.:
The Battle Of Nahavand


Following the decisive defeat at the Battle of Qadesiya, the Sassanid Empire began disintegrating. Yazdgerd 3 somehow succeeded in gathering an army. The king however preferred to stay in Isfahan while Iranians, leaded by General Firouzan gave another battle to invading Caliph forces. There are inco... Read Full Article:


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October, 31, 641 A.D.:
Sepahan Becomes Isfahan


The city of Sepahan which hosted the greatest Iranian garrison was captured by the Arab Muslim army. The same army had defeated king Yazdgerd 3's army in Nahavand. While Sepahan was resisting to receive help, the king himself was fleeing towards west. The city was divided into two districts which we... Read Full Article:


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November, 30, 642 A.D.:
Yazd Falls


Yazd which was a city founded by Yazdgerd I was 240 year old and a center for Zoroastrians when it was conquered by Muslim Arabs. After the Iranian army's defeat in Nahavand in 641 AD, most cities did not show much resistance except for Shooshtar, Rhagae and some southern cities. The Muslims were te... Read Full Article:


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November, 7, 644 A.D.:
Caliph Omar Assassinated


An Iranian, who had been taken slave attacked Caliph Omar and 12 of his guards in a mosque. Omar had banned Iranian slaves from entering the city of Medina but this particular person whose name was Firooz Nahavandi was a good carpenter, blacksmith and painter, thus was given special permit to stay i... Read Full Article:


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July, 25, 645 A.D.:
Rhagae Uprising Against Caliphates


A couple of months after Osman became the third Caliph, citizens of Rhagae staged an uprising against the Arab invaders. This uprising was suppressed by deployed Caliphate troops. Later the same year citizens in Northwest Iran staged similar uprisings that were suppressed similarly. A while later Es... Read Full Article:


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June, 4, 652 A.D.:
Qaran Resistence Broken Near Herat


Ten years after the Battle of Nahavand in which the Iranian army was crushed by the invading Arab army, all uprisings had been silenced one-by-one. Despite teachings of Quran, Pan-Arab rulers began a systematic assimilation of their new subjects not knowing that Persia was too big a bite to swallow!... Read Full Article:


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June, 20, 656 A.D.:
Caliph Osman Killed By Mojahedin


A group of 2000 Muslims calling themselves Mojahedin revolted against the third of the Rashedin Caliph and killed Osman on June, 20, 656. His body was left to rot for 3 days in his house in Medina and nobody dared touch it.Anti-Caliphate sentiments grew with support for Imam Ali, the nephew of Proph... Read Full Article:

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