The Iranian History Era :

Pahlavi Dynasty (1926 - 1979) AD

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January, 30, 1926 A.D.:
Majlis Library Inaugurated


Two years after the victory of the Constitutional Monarchy Movement in 1910, a draft was presented to the parliament proposing foundation of the Majlis library. Yet, the Majlis library could only be officially inaugurated on Jan, 30, 1926. Until that date, books and literature from all around Iran w... Read Full Article:


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February, 24, 1926 A.D.:
First IIAF Pilot Flies From Paris To Tehran


The Imperial Iranian Air Force (IIAF) was established by Reza Shah in 1920. IIAF became operational with its first fully trained pilots on February 25, 1925. But it was difficult for Iran to acquire airplanes. One of these trained pilots was Ahmad Nakhjevan who was sent to France. His mission was to... Read Full Article:


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April, 22, 1926 A.D.:
Iran-Turkey Sign Friendship Treaty


Imperial government of Iran and Republic of Turkey signed a friendship and security treaty on April, 22, 1926. The treaty which was arranged in eleven sections, was signed by Mohammad Ali Foroughi and Turkish ambassador to Tehran. By this treaty, the two courtiers agreed :- To prevent acts that woul... Read Full Article:


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April, 25, 1926 A.D.:
Reza Khan Becomes Reza Shah


Four years after his coup d'état, Reza Shah proclaimed king and started the Pahlavi dynasty which lasted until 1979 as the last monarchy in the Iranian history. It's been registered in history that Reza Pahlavi was in favor of republic as the form of government and wanted to follow the path in Turk... Read Full Article:


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July, 10, 1926 A.D.:
Majlis Sixth Term Begins


The first assembly of the 6th Majlis took place on July, 10, 1926. The shameful capitulation rights were cancelled. These were a set of terms or articles constituting an agreement between Iran and foreign governments which gave their nationals immunity in front of the law. Russian and British citize... Read Full Article:


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September, 19, 1926 A.D.:
Sepahdar Tonekaboni Commits Suicide


Mohammad Vali Khan, known as Sepahdar Tonekaboni was born around 1848 and made a career as military officer in Naseroddin Shah's army. He was given the title Nasrossaltaneh after repelling nomadic Turcomans that destabilized Northeast of Iran and became the governor of Astarabad in 1884.He became th... Read Full Article:


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February, 22, 1927 A.D.:
First Fatal Car Accident In Iran


Gholamhossein Darvish aka Darvish Khan, a famous Iranian musician of the time became the first victim of a car accident in Iran. Automobiles had recently been introduced to Iranian streets and the total number of cars did not exceed 50. Therefore there was no obligation for having a driving license ... Read Full Article:


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May, 5, 1927 A.D.:
Majlis Approves National Banking Bill


In Iran, banking in its traditional form used to be done at exchange offices known as Sarraf. The idea of a national bank came up with inauguration of the Imperial Bank of Persia in 1890. However, in Qajar times major businesses were run with concessions given to foreign countries. Unfortunately, th... Read Full Article:


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May, 9, 1927 A.D.:
Cancellation Of Capitulation Rights


Capitulation was a privilege known for some foreign citizens giving them total immunity from trial in Iran. During the Qajar dynasty, Russians and British were at the top of the list of citizens who enjoyed the right. Capitulation was one of the essential tools for modern time colonization, however ... Read Full Article:


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September, 11, 1928 A.D.:
Bank Melli Officially Inaugurated


With the end of the World War I, the occupation forces which were a great obstacle in front of Iranian progress started leaving Iran and finally the parliament approved a bill that provided permission for founding a national bank on May, 5, 1927, and on Sep, 11, 1928 the first Iranian national bank ... Read Full Article:


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October, 6, 1928 A.D.:
Majlis Seventh Term Begins


The first assembly of the 7th Majlis took place on October, 6, 1928. One of the most important steps taken by the previous Majlis was the bill related to founding Iran's first national bank, with the aim of nationalization of the finance sector. The Imperial Bank of Persia which was owned by the Bri... Read Full Article:


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December, 19, 1928 A.D.:
Frenchman In Charge Of Cultural Heritage


Iranian Ministry of Culture appointed a French national named André Godard as the head of national museum for a period of 5 years, with a salary of 12,000 Tomans per year, by an agreement on December, 19, 1928. Godar was invited to Iran for archeological studies and organization of related affairs ... Read Full Article:


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December, 27, 1928 A.D.:
Majlis Passes Dress Code


During a session on December, 12, 1928, Majlis approved a bill according to which all civil servants who did not have a uniform were obliged to wear a cap, pants and a shirt. Iranians thus had to give up their traditional long attires and wear European style clothes. Clerics were exempt from this ru... Read Full Article:


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April, 27, 1929 A.D.:
German Company Acquires Air Postal Concessions


On April, 27, 1929, Majlis approved a bill according to which the Minister of Post and Telegraph was authorized to award air transportation between Tehran and Mashhad to Junkers Company. Iran's first agreement with this German company dates back to 1922 when some aircrafts were imported to serve bet... Read Full Article:


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April, 29, 1929 A.D.:
American Pope In Isfahan


(NLAI) - On April, 4, 1929 a pioneering American expert on Persian/Iranian art named Arthur Upham Pope was given the authorization letter required for archeological studies in Isfahan. (Document #290003661 registered at the National Library and Archives of Iran dated 9th Ordibehesht, 1308 SH Solar H... Read Full Article:


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January, 27, 1930 A.D.:
Mauser Becomes Iran's Rifle


After months of inspection and evaluating the results of the tests on different models of rifles that were used in the Iranian army for years, Reza Shah chose German make Mauser as the standard rifle. The original model on which tests were made had been manufactured in 1924.Gradually Mauser took th... Read Full Article:


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February, 24, 1930 A.D.:
British Flags On Iranian Islands


On Feb, 24 1930 Iran protested against British flags on Iranian Islands in the Persian Gulf. The official note was delivered to British Minister Plenipotentiary to Tehran. Iranians were aware that British conspiracies are the main source of some unfounded disputes in the Persian Gulf.Historically, t... Read Full Article:


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February, 28, 1930 A.D.:
Ahmad Shah Dies In Paris


Only 6 years after the death of Mohammad Ali Shah in Italy, young Ahmad Shah dies at the age of 32 in a hospital in Paris reportedly because of kidney failure. None of Iranian officials attended his burial ceremony. Ahmad Shah fled Iran on Nov, 3, 1923 in fear for his life while Reza Khan was gradua... Read Full Article:


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March, 18, 1930 A.D.:
Iran Switches To Rial


Rial became the new Iranian currency replacing Gheran on March, 18, 1930. First Iranian coins date back to 564 B.C when the Achaemenid king Cyrus The Great started issuing coins in Sardes. Dariush The Great issued Daric (gold coin) and Shekel (silver coin) around 516 B.C. which were used all over th... Read Full Article:


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May, 10, 1930 A.D.:
First School Of Cinema Opens In Tehran


The history of cinema in Iran started 5 years after the Lumiere brothers invented the cinema-photograph machine. In March 1900, during a visit to France, Mozaffaroddin Shah gets to know the new invention and his companion Mirza Ebrahim Khan Akkasbashi makes the first Iranian documentary from the Sha... Read Full Article:


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December, 15, 1930 A.D.:
Majlis Eighth Term Begins


The decree for parliament elections was issued on June, 3, 1930. The first assembly of the 8th Majlis took place on Dec, 15, 1930. Adlolmolk Dadgar was the head of the parliament.Probably, the most difficult issues facing Iranian nation was getting rid of concessions that practically gave foreign na... Read Full Article:


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March, 31, 1931 A.D.:
Tehran University Foundation Step


After abolition of the Qajar Dynasty, during inauguration of the Majlis library in 1926, the idea of a modern university surfaced and was discussed among parliament members but the grandeur of the project needed in-depth studies and allocation of resources. The main problem in fact was that some Ira... Read Full Article:


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April, 6, 1931 A.D.:
Political Police Organization Founded


Mohammad Hossein Ayrom founded the political unit within the police organization. This was the first time such an entity was formed in Iran. Ayrom, a Baku born Kazak officer was familiar with Russian and German secret services. Later on, the methods used in Iran's political police organization becam... Read Full Article:


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January, 23, 1932 A.D.:
Iran–Turkey Sign Non-aggression Treaty


On January 23, 1932 the first definitive frontier treaty between Turkey and Iran; the Iran–Turkey Non-aggression Treaty was signed in Tehran. It should be mentioned that the border between Turkey and Iran is one of the oldest in the world and has stayed more or less the same since the Battle of Ch... Read Full Article:


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March, 13, 1932 A.D.:
Bank Melli Authorized To Publish Banknotes


The Iranian parliament authorizes Bank Melli which was originally founded in 1928 to publish banknotes. This authority was to be renewed every 10 years automatically. In less than a month, first Iranian banknotes were circulating in the market. Bank Melli undertook duties which were normally within... Read Full Article:


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March, 15, 1933 A.D.:
Majlis Ninth Term Begins


The first assembly of the 9th Majlis took place on March, 15, 1933. After cancellation of the D'Arcy agreement by the Majlis eighth term, the government reached a new agreement with the British government, not perfect but it had better conditions in favor of Iran. On May, 28. 1933 a new license was ... Read Full Article:


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May, 28, 1933 A.D.:
Majlis Ratifies New Oil Agreement


The attempt to revise the terms of the oil concession towards a fair basis for Iran led to long negotiations that took place between Abdolhossein Teimurtash and Anglo-Persian Oil Company officials from 1925 to 1932. The British government had injected new capital into the company in 1913 and acquire... Read Full Article:


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July, 29, 1933 A.D.:
Post Office Building Completed


Iran's national postal services started in the new central office building in Tehran. The construction was completed in 6 years. Iran was the first country to have a nationwide postal service in history at the time of Dariush the great where Iranian borders extended from Indus to Africa. This became... Read Full Article:


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May, 3, 1934 A.D.:
No Foreign Words In Formal Communications


On May, 3, 1934, notes on a regulation circulated by the Treasury outlines the necessity to use Persian words for official communications specially when it comes to foreign currencies and units of measurements. At the age of modernization, using foreign words becomes fashion. At the beginning of the... Read Full Article:


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June, 11, 1934 A.D.:
Reza Shah Visits Turkey


Reza Shah took off on his only travel to a foreign country on June, 2, 1934. He was accompanied by 17 people, mostly high ranking military officers. A brief background of Iran-Turkey Relations : Reza Shah was the first person to congratulated Ataturk after foundation of the Republic of Turkey in 192... Read Full Article:


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August, 10, 1934 A.D.:
Pars News Agency Founded


During a visit to Turkey, Reza Shah became interested in opening a similar institution to the Anatolia news agency. That's how Pars News Agency came to life. The primary duty of this organization was defined as : Reporting government decisions, Parliament legislations, and activities related to Iran... Read Full Article:


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March, 22, 1935 A.D.:
Persia Shall Be Called Iran


By decree of Reza Shah Pahlavi, the name of Persia was changed to the name by which that country's natives have always known it, Iran. In reality Persia is only a southern province. Although foreigners have called our land Persia, local residents have always called it Iran. The Shah's decision with ... Read Full Article:


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June, 15, 1935 A.D.:
Majlis Tenth Term Begins


The head of the parliament in an official letter to the government on June, 15, 1935 announced that 3/4 of all deputies attended the assembly on Thursday, June, 13. The letter from the head of the legislation body to the executive body is part of a formality.The United States was observing an approa... Read Full Article:


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November, 11, 1935 A.D.:
Dr. Schacht Visits Tehran


London newspapers expressed concern after Hjalmar Schacht visited Tehran on Nov, 11, 1935. Reza Shah personally met with this German economist known in Iran as Dr. Schacht. Reza Shah was looking for an alternative to reduce British and Russian influence in Iran. He gave Reza Shah the path to use cus... Read Full Article:


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December, 1, 1935 A.D.:
Reza Shah Dismisses Prime Minister


Mohammad Ali Foroughi was dismissed from duty by Reza Shah after allegations that he was misusing his authority in favor of relatives. Before becoming prime minister, Foroughi had served as minister of foreign affairs and later as minister in charge of economy. 6 years later Foroughi played a signif... Read Full Article:


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January, 8, 1936 A.D.:
Reza Shah Bans Hijab


On Jan, 8, 1936, Reza Shah announced a law regulating attire of Iranians which later became famous as ban on Hijab.It's commonly believed that one of major mistakes of Reza Shah was to use force to lift the veil of Iranian women. Following a path he'd observed and liked in Turkey, he wanted to moder... Read Full Article:


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February, 16, 1936 A.D.:
Relations With The U.S.A. Suspended


Reza Shah ordered suspension of diplomatic relations with the U.S.A. after a senior Iranian diplomat was arrested by the American police. Mr. Ala, head of Iranian diplomatic mission to U.S. reported that while driving in Washington he was stopped by a police officer for violation of the speed limit.... Read Full Article:


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March, 31, 1936 A.D.:
Thrusting U. S. Into Diplomatic Limbo


Reza Shah Pahlavi, now calling himself the King of Kings ordered the Iranian legation in Washington and the Iranian consulates in Manhattan and Chicago permanently closed, thus thrusting the U. S. into a diplomatic limbo. The political outrage started after his majesty's Minister Plenipotentiary to ... Read Full Article:


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April, 12, 1936 A.D.:
Veresk Bridge Inaugurated


The Veresk Bridge is a marvel of engineering in Iran. Constructions began in Nov, 1934, and the bridge was constructed mostly by Germans before World War II. The engineering team included an Austrian engineer named Walter Inger and a German named Ladislaus Von Rabsevic. The Veresk Bridge was inaugur... Read Full Article:


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August, 5, 1936 A.D.:
Sheikh Khazal Dies In Custody


When Majlis rejected to ratify an agreement which gave exclusive oil rights to the British, Percy Loraine became ambassador to Persia. He had served in Tehran from 1907 to 1909 and knew both Turkish and Persian. The British made a treaty with Sheikh Khazal, the governor of Khuzestan and assured him ... Read Full Article:


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September, 21, 1936 A.D.:
White Bridge of Ahvaz Completed


The Ahvaz Bridge later called the White Bridge was officially inaugurated on Sep, 21, 1936. Iran was at the age of infrastructural progress under the rule of Reza Shah of Pahlavi Dynasty. Primary studies regarding the most suitable location for the bridge were completed on May, 31 1933 in order to c... Read Full Article:


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October, 17, 1936 A.D.:
Foundation of The Ministry of Energy


Ministry of Energy of Iran was originally founded after a draft bill approved on October 17, 1936 in order to supply electricity in Tehran. On May, 20, 1943, the law authorizing the organization to be in charge of water management was passed. But it was not until the White Revolution when the entity... Read Full Article:


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January, 18, 1937 A.D.:
Iran Withdraws Minister From Paris


On Jan, 18, 1937, shortly after cutting diplomatic ties with the U.S., Iran withdrew the Minister Plenipotentiary from Paris because of a pun, as a French newspapers had published photographs of a Paris cat labeled 'Son Majeste le Chat!' meaning his majesty the cat. The word for cat in French reads... Read Full Article:


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February, 4, 1937 A.D.:
Parliament Ratifies Amiranian Deal


Ten years after first attempts by American companies to enter the Iranian petroleum market, as they were challenged by Britain and Russia; the Sinclair Company was forced to leave Iran for good. In 1933, a new contract with the British South Oil company limited the operation domain of that company t... Read Full Article:


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July, 8, 1937 A.D.:
Saadabad Treaty Signed


Upon an initiative from the British government, Iran was somehow forced to sign a non-agression treaty with Turkey, Iraq, and Afghanistan in Saadabad Palace north of Tehran. Pakistan did not exist at the time. The main reason behind this treaty was to make it impossible for Iran to reclaim Afghanist... Read Full Article:


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September, 11, 1937 A.D.:
Majlis Eleventh Term Begins


The 11th Majlis term started on Sep, 11, 1937. Iran had entered a fast pace of progress. Reza Shah's risky steps including withdrawing minister from Paris and Washington and insisting that Iran shall not be called Persia in international documents earned him respect as a patriotic person who cared f... Read Full Article:


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December, 29, 1937 A.D.:
Iran Ships Opium To Japan


At the League of Nations, the Chinese representative, submits a complaint accusing Japan of importing tens of tons of opium from Iran and distributing it in China. The claim was backed by documents showing that 109 tons of raw opium was shipped from Iran on Dec, 29 followed by a shipment of 82 tons ... Read Full Article:


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August, 18, 1938 A.D.:
Trans-Iranian Railway Completed


Trans-Iranian railway had always been a dream for all Iranians. Despite many attempts, the only finished project was an eight km railroad that connected Tehran to Rhagae in 1882. Iran neither had the technology nor the money to complete such a great task. But when the League of Nations sent a commis... Read Full Article:


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March, 15, 1939 A.D.:
Prince Of Persia Marries Egyptian Fawzia


Mohammad Reza Pahlavi who was the crown prince at the time married princess Fouziyeh, the daughter of king Fuad of Egypt. Because the Pahlavi family did not have a noble origin, this marriage was mostly aimed to bring some royal blood to the family. The crown prince departed for Egypt on Feb, 24, 19... Read Full Article:


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September, 23, 1939 A.D.:
Abadan Institute Of Technology Founded


Abadan Institute Of Technology (AIOT) was the third of it's kind in the world, founded for education and training of technical staff required to operate and support Iranian Oil fields and refineries. It remains as one of few good heritages of the British who at the time owned %51 of the Iranian oil ... Read Full Article:


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October, 18, 1939 A.D.:
Reza Shah Kills Farrokhi Yazdi


Mirza Mohammad Farrokhi Yazdi was an Iranian journalist, poet and senior politician who was killed by the order of Reza Shah Pahlavi on October, 18, 1939.Born in 1887 in Yazd to Mohammad Ebrahim, a merchant from Yazd, Farrokhi finished primary school at a Madrasa in Yazd. At the age of 15, although ... Read Full Article:


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October, 25, 1939 A.D.:
Majlis Twelveth Terms Begins


The 12th Majlis term started on Oct, 25, 1939 and officially inaugurated on Nov, 2. Reza Shah attended the inauguration ceremony on Oct, 26 though he was a dictator who had no tolerance for opposition voices and Majlis elections were just formalities. Most of political dissidents were either killed,... Read Full Article:


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October, 29, 1939 A.D.:
PM Daftari Presents His Cabinet


Matin Daftari was appointed as the new prime minister by Reza Shah. He presented his cabinet of ministers to Majlis on October, 29, 1939. The majority of the parliament representatives voted in favor of his cabinet. As a fan of Germany, appointing Daftari was to appease Germans. But after a short wh... Read Full Article:


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February, 1, 1940 A.D.:
Iran Offers Alliance To Britain


On Feb, 1, 1940, the Iranian Minister of War secretly proposed a joint military operation against the Bolsheviks. In a telegraph sent to the British Ministry of Foreign Affairs by Horace Seymour, the Minister Plenipotentiary to Iran, it was conveyed that an attack from Russians could be eminent and ... Read Full Article:


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March, 3, 1940 A.D.:
Britain Refuses Selling Airplanes To Iran


A request by the Iranian government to purchase some airplanes from Britain was denied. The Iranian air force had been founded by airplanes purchased from Russia and Germany. After Iran created naval units by help from Italians, the English hegemony in the Persian Gulf came to an end and therefore t... Read Full Article:


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April, 24, 1940 A.D.:
Radio Tehran Founded


The cabinet of ministers approved the bill that authorized usage of radio in Iran on Sep, 24, 1934. The law required a permission from the Ministry of Post to install antenna and equipment.In 1939, the wireless school of the army opened at Ministry of War. In order to acquire knowledge and technolog... Read Full Article:


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June, 25, 1940 A.D.:
Mansour Appointed Prime Minister


Reza Shah appointed Rajabali Mansour as the new Prime Minister. The pro-German Matin Daftari could only remain prime minister for 8 months and Reza Shah's plans to get the best of the conflict in Europe proved wrong. For one thing, nobody could ever think that arch foes Soviets and British could put... Read Full Article:


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December, 4, 1940 A.D.:
Mosaddegh Sent To Exile In Ahmadabad


Mosaddegh's political activities raised an ire during the reign of Reza Shah as well as his son Mohammad Reza Shah's. Reza Shah had imprisoned Mosaddegh in Birjand and then sent him to Ahmadabad near Karaj. Mosaddegh was kept under house arrest. Reza Shah was forced to abdicate in favour of his son ... Read Full Article:


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June, 26, 1941 A.D.:
Iran Declares Neutrality At WWII


5 days after Nazi Germany's invasion into Soviets, Iran declared it's neutrality in the WWII. The Soviet government declared it's satisfaction from this decision. Reza Shah of Iran also asked Germany to evacuate extra citizens from Iran so that there would be no pretext. However, one month later the... Read Full Article:


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July, 8, 1941 A.D.:
Statistics Of Foreign Nationals


In a last effort to assure Iran's neutrality in war, the Ettelaat Newspaper gave the statistics of foreign nationals in Iran as follows; 2590 British, 390 Soviets, 690 Germans, 310 Italians, 180 Czechoslovakians, 70 Swiss, 260 Greece and 140 Yugoslavians.The official paper depicted that Iran needed ... Read Full Article:


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August, 25, 1941 A.D.:
Allied Powers Invade Iran


Despite the fact that Iran had declared it's neutrality during the World War II, Britain and Soviets started their invasion into Iran. Two weeks before, Britain's minister Reader Bullard and Soviet ambassador Smirnov handed the Iranian Foreign Office an ultimatum signed by both their Governments dem... Read Full Article:


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August, 25, 1941 A.D.:
3 Iranians Stop The Red Army


The Red Army of USSR was stuck at the Jolfa Bridge on the Aras River. In the midst of the World War II, during the invasion of Iran by Allied Powers, while any resistance would be crushed brutally, three Iranian border guards did not yield to the Soviet invaders and did not permit them to cross the ... Read Full Article:


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August, 27, 1941 A.D.:
PM Mansour Forced To Resign


Reza Shah summoned Russian and British ambassadors on Aug, 25 as he heard their advance on the Iranian soil. He expressed his disappointment over such shocking action. He pretended to be unaware of the events that led to this attack. After the meeting Reza Shah asked Prime Minister Rajabali Mansour ... Read Full Article:


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September, 16, 1941 A.D.:
Iran Cuts Ties With Bulgaria, Italy, Romania, Hungary


Following British and Russian occupation, Iran was forced to cuts ties With axis nations including Bulgaria, Italy, Romania and Hungary. Although the two states had guaranteed Iran's sovereignty, in threatening notes to the Iranian ministry of foreign affairs such illegitimate requests were made. Th... Read Full Article:


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September, 16, 1941 A.D.:
Reza Shah Resigns


Reza Shah signs his resignation letter prepared by PM Foroughi in which he declared that due to his age, he though that a younger person, namely his son would be better for the job. In fact neither the British nor the Soviets wanted him because of his tendencies towards Germans. The B.B.C. radio had... Read Full Article:


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September, 18, 1941 A.D.:
Reza Shah Helps Germans Escape


According to many historians, Anschluss in 1938 was the event that triggered the WWII. However, the world history covering WWII is full of bias and lies mostly for justification of injustice; such as apartheid in occupied Palestinian lands in broad daylight.Germans were playing a very crucial and ba... Read Full Article:


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September, 21, 1941 A.D.:
Foroughi Becomes Prime Minister Again


After Mansour's resignation, Foroughi was appointed Prime Minister on Aug, 27, 1941. However, after Reza Shah resigned on Sep, 16th, he submitted his own resignation the next day. No one else was found to accept this duty. The new king Mohammad Reza Pahlavi chose him as prime minister again to prese... Read Full Article:


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November, 13, 1941 A.D.:
Majlis Thirteenth Terms Begins


The 13th Majlis term started on Nov, 13, 1941.Iran was under occupation and the thirteenth term coincided with the Tehran Conference attended by the head of states of U.K., U.S.S.R. and U.S., where the territorial integrity and political independence of Iran was guaranteed. Among important legislati... Read Full Article:


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December, 6, 1941 A.D.:
Foroughi Presents New Cabinet Of Ministers


6 months after Allied Powers entered Iran, Foroughi presented his new cabinet of ministers to the parliament. The surprise person proposed in charge of ministry of war was no one but Col. Ahmad Nakhjevan, an army general who had dismissed all soldiers from garrisons right after enemy forces entered ... Read Full Article:


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February, 23, 1942 A.D.:
Iran Asks Resumption Of Postal Flights


The German Junkers Company started operating in Iran since April, 1929 running Tehran-Mashhad postal services. Mutual cooperation expanded in time until Iran established its own school of aviation in 1931. Despite many difficulties and British hegemony Iran-Iraq postal route started operating on Mar... Read Full Article:


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March, 9, 1942 A.D.:
Soheili Becomes Prime Minister


When PM Foroughi resigned in February, 1942, no one wanted to become the Prime Minister under occupation and deal with huge problems. Somehow, Ali Soheili, an experienced politician accepted the job. Knowing English, French and Russian, Soheili had served as the minister of foreign affairs.The famo... Read Full Article:


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March, 10, 1942 A.D.:
US Approves Iran Aid Package


The United States found Iran eligible for a loan and lease program. Iran also demanded sending American military advisors in order to improve the Gendarmerie and Armed Forces. On March, 20th, Iran's Minister Plenipotentiary in Washington sent an official note to the Secretary of State declaring will... Read Full Article:


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March, 10, 1942 A.D.:
Kayhan Newspaper Founded


On March, 10, 1942, the Ministry of Culture issued a permit for publication of Kayhan Newspaper, a daily owned by Abdorrahman Faramarzi, and Mostafa Mesbahzadeh as editor-in-chief. Before that, the two rented and published another paper called Ayandeh Iran as it was difficult to obtain a newspaper p... Read Full Article:


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May, 26, 1942 A.D.:
Iran / U.K. Trade Treaty


Iran's economic situation was not bright even before the occupation. After the invasion of Allied Powers, food and other resources became scarce and the occupiers were imposing trade treaties that were against Iran's welfare. According to the trade and finance treaty signed on May, 26, 1942, the Bri... Read Full Article:


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September, 27, 1942 A.D.:
U.S. Founds Iranian Military Mission


The United States founds the Iranian military mission in order to supply necessities of the British troops in the Persian Gulf alongside streaming supplies to the Soviets. Hitler declared war on U.S. on Dec, 11, 1941, Three months before that, Britain had asked the U.S. to supply locomotives and wag... Read Full Article:


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November, 1, 1942 A.D.:
German Spy Network Busted


After receiving a tip, the British intelligence officers were led to the hiding place of Franz Mayer in Isfahan. Documents, notes, and letters were seized that revealed methods used by the German Fifth Column in Iran. Mayer was the head of the German spy network in Iran. Other important German spies... Read Full Article:


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December, 8, 1942 A.D.:
Bread Riots Emerge In Tehran


While Iran was still under occupation and crop from the most fertile northern provinces were sent to USSR, Iranians were facing famine. The quality of bread gradually became so poor that a group of people started gathering in Baharestan Square since the early hours of Dec, 8. Later that day, some re... Read Full Article:


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December, 24, 1942 A.D.:
Mandatory Education Draft Presented To Parliament


The mandatory education draft was presented to the Iranian parliament. This draft was later approved and became law according to which general education should be mandatory, free of charge and equal throughout the country. Some years later the UN human rights had similar provisions regarding general... Read Full Article:


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January, 23, 1943 A.D.:
Russians Force Iran To Unfair Treaty


Iran was under occupation of Allied Powers since Aug, 25, 1941.Although the Red Army had confiscated most weapons and ammunition belonging to the Iranian Army, they also threatened to dismantle and move Iranian factories to Russia. In order to prevent this from happening, on Jan, 23, 1943, Iran had ... Read Full Article:


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January, 29, 1943 A.D.:
Dr. Millspaugh Arrives In Tehran


On Jan, 29, 1943 Dr. Millspaugh, an advisor of American Economic Mission arrives in Tehran as the new Treasurer General of Persia. Iran was caught in the middle of the WWII and actually occupied by Allied Powers. Resources were drying up and better management was needed to regulate affairs. Dr. Arth... Read Full Article:


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February, 17, 1943 A.D.:
Soheili Presents Cabinet


Ali Soheili became Prime Minister for a second term after Ghavamossaltaneh did not comply with unfair terms imposed by occupation forces on Tehran and famine broke out. It was clear that Soheili was the puppet Prime Minister to obey Allied Powers word-by-word.In order to address public discontent du... Read Full Article:


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September, 9, 1943 A.D.:
Iran Declares War On Germany


Despite Iran's neutrality at war, UK and USSR forces invaded Iran in August 1941. On Aug, 24, one day before the invasion, a British destroyer enters the Persian Gulf declaring that it needed supplies. Welcomed by the Iranian naval units, the captain of the Palang battleship offers help with great h... Read Full Article:


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September, 14, 1943 A.D.:
Iran Joins The United Nations


Iran, under occupation did not have much choice. After declaring war on Germany and cutting diplomatic ties with axis countries Iran's ministry of foreign affairs announced the decision to join the League Of Nations to the Soviets, Britain, and U.S.A. who were occupying the country. This move was so... Read Full Article:


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October, 31, 1943 A.D.:
Vote Of Confidence For Soheili


More than eight months after Soheili presented his cabinet of ministers and started serving as Prime Minister, Majlis approved his cabinet. Iran was under occupation of Allied Powers; U.K., U.S., and U.S.S.R. and Mohammad Reza Shah was just an appointed puppet after his father was overthrown and sen... Read Full Article:


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November, 15, 1943 A.D.:
Iran Offers Oil Concessions To The U.S.


During the WWII, Iranians tried their best to use the U.S. as a third option against U.K. and U.S.S.R. Early in February 1943, Iranian officials in Washington entered negotiations with the Standard Vacuum oil company. On Nov, 15, 1943, the Iranian PM Soheili officially asked the American Plenipoten... Read Full Article:


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November, 28, 1943 A.D.:
Stalin, Roosevelt And Churchill In Tehran


Despite the fact that Iran had declared neutrality during the WWII, both Russia and British troops invaded Iran from north and south. During this conference, important strategic decisions had been made on the war. The meeting among leaders of Soviet Union, United States, and Britain had been arrange... Read Full Article:


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December, 1, 1943 A.D.:
The Tehran Declaration 1943


In a meeting between Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin in Tehran between November 28 and December 1, 1943, the chief discussion centered on the opening of a second front in western Europe. Stalin agreed to an eastern offensive to coincide with the forthcoming Western front. Postwar occupation of Germ... Read Full Article:


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January, 19, 1944 A.D.:
Iran Cuts Ties With Saudi Arabia


After an unfortunate incident in which an Iranian pilgrim was executed during pilgrimage, Iran officially cut diplomatic ties with Saudi Arabia. Eye witnesses reported that in Dec, 1943, Abutaleb Yazdi, the 22 year old Iranian Haji suddenly got sick while doing the traditional tour around Kaaba. It ... Read Full Article:


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January, 22, 1944 A.D.:
Khosrow Golesorkhi Is Born


(Wikipedia) - Khosrow Golesorkhi was born on 22 January 1944, in Rasht. He was an Iranian journalist, poet, and communist activist in Iran during the Cold War. Famous for his leftist and revolutionary poetry, Golesorkhi was convicted along with his friend, Keramat Daneshian, a director, of plotting ... Read Full Article:


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February, 10, 1944 A.D.:
Iran / U.S. Diplomacy Reaches Embassy Level


The WWII gave the United States tools to become a major world player. A shift in U.S. foreign diplomacy was shaping towards imperialism and opportunities were sought to follow the Russian and British political trends. Roosevelt wrote in a note on Jan, 12, 1944 that Iran was a backward country and th... Read Full Article:


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February, 26, 1944 A.D.:
Majlis Fourteenth Terms Begins


The 14th Majlis term started on Feb, 26, 1944.The fourteenth term convened while Allied Powers still occupied parts of Iran. Political groups were formed following Reza Shah’s fall from power who shared Majlis seats. There were reports of unrest in some electoral districts. After the WWII, Iran ha... Read Full Article:


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July, 4, 1944 A.D.:
Reza Shah Dies In Exile


Reza Shah Pahlavi who was living his last days of life in Johannesburg died after suffering from cardiac problems. His corpse was mummified and sent to Egypt where a ceremonial burial took place in his honor. Six years later, his body was brought back to Iran and buried in a mausoleum near Rhagae. A... Read Full Article:


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July, 4, 1944 A.D.:
Ararat Club Founded


The Ararat Club was established on July, 4, 1944 by a group of Armenian-Iranians. They named the club after the famous mountain of the same name. The club was run by an Armenian athletic organization and was one of few clubs in Iranian football to have its own private stadium and training facilities... Read Full Article:


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September, 6, 1944 A.D.:
Saed Presents Cabinet Of Ministers


A couple of days after Mohammad Saed Maraghei resigned as Prime Minister, he was asked to return to duty and govern Iran under occupation. As he was presenting his cabinet of ministers and his programs, the Soviets and their Toodeh Party were pressuring Iran to sign a deal that granted exclusive rig... Read Full Article:


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October, 9, 1944 A.D.:
Saed Stands Against USSR


A Soviet delegate of petroleum experts, headed by Sergei Kavtradze visited Iran on Sep, 15, 1944 and complained about PM Saed's attitude towards Russians in a meeting with Shah on Oct, 1st. Saed was reluctant to sign an agreement while Iran was under occupation. In a closed session at the parliament... Read Full Article:


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November, 8, 1944 A.D.:
USSR's Ultimatum To Iran


On Nov, 8, 1944, the Soviet Ambassador submitted an ultimatum asking the Iranian government asking for handing over the killer(s) of a Soviet officer during demonstrations three days earlier. Following Iran's rejection of an unfair treaty which the Soviet Union wanted to impose during the war, the S... Read Full Article:


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November, 25, 1944 A.D.:
Bayat Presents Cabinet


Morteza Gholi Bayat was an Iranian political figure who was very active during the Constitutional Monarchy Movement. He continuously became parliament representative from Arak from 4th to 13th term of Majlis and was mostly the deputy of the Majlis speaker. He was a minister both in Soheili and Saed ... Read Full Article:


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November, 26, 1944 A.D.:
Warning From India About U.S.


A classified letter from Ali Motamedi, Iranian representative in India is delivered to Prime Minister Saed on Nov, 26, 1944. The report that was dated Sep, 5, 1944 indicated a shift in the U.S. policy after the WWII which used to be based on non-interference in other countries’ internal affairs.Th... Read Full Article:


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February, 4, 1945 A.D.:
Sidelines Of The Yalta Conference


Preceded by the Tehran Conference in 1943, the Big Three leaders of UK, US, and USSR held a conference in Yalta (Feb. 4-11, 1945) in order to discuss strategies and plans for the final months of WWII and postwar policies. Iran's issue was discussed although it was not in the agenda of the conference... Read Full Article:


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March, 3, 1945 A.D.:
Russians Urged To Pull Out Troops


Dr. Mosaddegh, the Tehran representative at the parliament protested Soviet Union's hesitation in withdrawing troops from Iran. He called USSR's leaders people who do not keep their words and do not respect international regulations and charged them of indifference against nations' rights. In his sp... Read Full Article:


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May, 16, 1945 A.D.:
Churchill Responds To Hakimi


The Ministry of Foreign Affairs conveyed a telegram from Winston Churchill, the British Prime Minister in response to Prime Minister Ebrahim Hakimi. In the message which was translated to Persian and delivered with the original, Churchill thanked his Excellency for congratulations on the occasion of... Read Full Article:


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May, 19, 1945 A.D.:
Iran Asks Allied Forces To Leave


The WWII ended in Europe by decisive defeat of German forces in the West Front, Poland and liberation of France on May, 8, 1945. Consequently, sending supplies to USSR through Iran was no more necessary and that was the main pretext for occupation of Iran. The Iranian government sent out a notice to... Read Full Article:


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June, 5, 1945 A.D.:
Mohsen Sadr Becomes Prime Minister


Mohsen Sadr served as royal tutor to Salarossaltaneh, one of Naseroddin Shah's sons. When Mozaffaroddin Shah ascended the throne and Salarossaltaneh became the governor of Hamedan, Sadr served him as chamberlain.After bombing of the Majlis in June, 1908, he was a judge serving in a committee that wa... Read Full Article:


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August, 10, 1945 A.D.:
Toodeh Unrest In Azerbaijan


The Toodeh Party had lost popular ground among people, however the central government was very weak; Bayat's cabinet fell after 4 months in April, 1945. Hakimi's cabinet lasted for only 20 days and PM Sadr had to resign after 4 months. People were hungry and jobless, and the Toodeh Party propaganda ... Read Full Article:


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November, 8, 1945 A.D.:
Majlis Approves Hakimi's Cabinet


One month after Ebrahim Hakimi presented his cabinet, Majlis issued him a vote of confidence to proceed with the new government despite opposition by Seyyed Ziaoddin Tabatabayi and the Toodeh Party. His main object was to control tensions with the USSR and persuade the Soviets to end their occupatio... Read Full Article:


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January, 5, 1946 A.D.:
Tripartite Commission For Persian Affairs


B.B.C. announced that Reader Bullard asked Iran to accept formation of a Tripartite Commission among U.K., U.S.A. and U.S.S.R. in order to discuss Iran's affairs, specially trouble in Azerbaijan where a separatist group declared independence. The reason behind formation of such a commission was to r... Read Full Article:


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January, 11, 1946 A.D.:
Soviets Flame Separatism In Kurdistan


In March 1945, several Iranian Gendarmerie units were killed near Mahabad and additional troops were deployed from Tehran. Soviet occupation did not let the Iranian army proceed through southern Kurdistan. They suggested that troops be deployed from Tabriz. Their aim was to weaken Iranian military p... Read Full Article:


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January, 20, 1946 A.D.:
Prime Minister Hakimi Resigns


After the end of the World War II, the Allied Powers did not want to end their occupation of Iran. Ebrahim Hakimi was forced to resign on Jan, 20, 1946. When he presented the Tripartite Commission offer to the parliament, the representatives were united against a new British scenario that was taking... Read Full Article:


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March, 7, 1946 A.D.:
Moscow To End Occupation


Iranian negotiators headed by prime minister Ghavamossaltaneh return from Moscow empty-handed. He arrived in Moscow on Feb, 19 to resolve the issue that arose with presence of Red Army. On Nov, 26, 1945, the Bolsheviks that prevented Iranian military from reaching the Kurdistan and Azerbaijan provin... Read Full Article:


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March, 11, 1946 A.D.:
Historian Ahmad Kasravi murdered


The famous Iranian historian Ahmad Kasravi and his assistant were stabbed to death at the Tehran courtyard. A plea by clerics against Kasravi was being proceeded when two of members of an extremist Islamic group attacked him with knives. On July, 17, 1951, Navvab Safavi and 3 other fellow members th... Read Full Article:


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April, 23, 1946 A.D.:
Red Army Says Farewell!


(NLAI) - On April, 23, 1946, a goodbye letter from the military command of the Soviet Union officially ended the occupation of parts of Iran by the Red Army. This leaflet, registered as document #102007-10026 with the National Library and Archives of Iran started with a quote and a photo of Stalin. ... Read Full Article:


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April, 28, 1946 A.D.:
Pishevari Arrives In Tehran


Jafar Pishevari, the leader of the Democrat Party arrived in Tehran as the head of the Independent Azerbaijan government for negotiations with Ghavamossaltaneh on April, 28, 1946. Following a declaration signed by Ghavamossaltaneh and Ivan Sadchikov in April, 4, 1946, on Apr, 22, in a official decla... Read Full Article:


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July, 14, 1946 A.D.:
Abadan Workers On Strike


The workers of the oil industry went on a strike in Abadan. Despite the military curfew, the strike went on for 3 days. The protesters clashed with the police forces who wanted to disperse the protests. These encounters created bloody scenes. Two Arab contractors were reported dead and some of the B... Read Full Article:


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October, 17, 1946 A.D.:
Toodeh Becomes Democrat Party


Toodeh Party announced its dissolution in favor of the Azerbaijan Democrat Party, a separatist group supported by USSR. The separatist party's declaration on Sep, 3, asked for independence of Azerbaijan. The leaders of this party were actually the old communists of the Toodeh Party who were forced t... Read Full Article:


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December, 12, 1946 A.D.:
Azerbaijan Separatists Busted


After Iran had to accept the infamous Golestan and Turkmenchai agreements with Russia that took away the Kafkas area, Russians named the area on north Azerbaijan; same as the Iranian province and started interfering in the region. Soon a separatist group named Pishevari started armed uprising again... Read Full Article:


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January, 2, 1947 A.D.:
23 Pishevari Officers Executed


23 separatist officers that had staged an armed uprising were executed. Soviet troops that were illegally inside the Iranian soil supplied them with training and arms. Because of the presence of the Soviet units, the Iranian army could not enter the region and had to take the matter to the UN. The S... Read Full Article:


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March, 12, 1947 A.D.:
Iran In The Truman Doctrine


The Context of Harry S.Truman's speech in Congress on March, 12, 1947 which was later named as the Truman Doctrine, was based on strategic position of Turkey and Greece and Middle East Petroleum as the fundamentals of the U.S. policy which also viewed imposing Totalitarian regimes on nations by dire... Read Full Article:


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March, 30, 1947 A.D.:
Separatist Kumeleh Leaders Executed


Gazi Mohammad, the leader of the Kumeleh party who had secured support from Soviet Unions declared independence in the city of Mahabad on Jan, 22, 1946. Mustafa Barzani and hundreds of Peshmarge forces had entered from Iraq border and were actually leading the military operation for the separatists.... Read Full Article:


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July, 17, 1947 A.D.:
Majlis Fifteenth Terms Begins


The 15th Majlis term started on Jul, 17, 1947.Important bills passed by Majlis during this term were:- Resolution disapproving the March 26th agreement on formation of Iran-Soviet petroleum company.- Allocation of revenues from South Oil production for public infrastructure and industrial promotion ... Read Full Article:


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September, 10, 1947 A.D.:
Newspaper Unveils Foreign Conspiracy


Ettelaat Newspaper reported that Britain and Soviets had reached a consensus over Iran's North Oil. Under occupation, Iranian Prime Minister Ghavamossaltaneh was somehow forced to sign an agreement in Moscow on April, 4, 1946, granting North Oil concessions to USSR. The deal needed to be ratified by... Read Full Article:


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January, 31, 1948 A.D.:
Iran-USSR Diplomatic Tensions


On Jan, 31, 1948 Iran took her share of the Cold War between the two blocks. The U.S.S.R. submitted a note protesting American military presence in Iran. The Soviets clearly threatened Iran with military occupation referring to a 1921 agreement that gave them such a right to intervene in case of a t... Read Full Article:


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May, 9, 1948 A.D.:
Foundation Of The Senate House


The cabinet of Dr. Hakimi presented the bill for formation of the Senate to Majlis on May, 9, 1948. The idea of such a legislative entity first surfaced during the Constitutional Monarchy Movement but many Iranians saw it as some kind of a House of Lords that would be the voice of the few elite rath... Read Full Article:


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February, 4, 1949 A.D.:
Assassination Attempt Against Shah Failed


On the 11th year anniversary of the Tehran University opening, while Mohammad Reza Pahlavi was making a speech, he was shot at in front of the faculty of law. The attacker was later identified as Naser Fakhrayi, with a press identification card, disguised as reporter / photographer for the newspaper... Read Full Article:


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December, 30, 1949 A.D.:
Shah Completes US Tour


Mohammad Reza Pahlavi completed his tour of the United States and departed for Iran. President Truman provided transportation by sending his private airplane to Iran. Shah was welcomed by the US President at Washington National Airport on Nov, 16, 1949. Shah reportedly visited various industrial an... Read Full Article:


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January, 1, 1950 A.D.:
Iranian President Of UN General Assembly


(Wikipedia) - Nasrollah Entezam was an Iranian diplomat who held the position of the President of the United Nations General Assembly during the fifth session, from January 1, 1950 – January 1, 1951. Entezam was the leader of the Iranian delegation at UN and had been the permanent representative o... Read Full Article:


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February, 9, 1950 A.D.:
Majlis Sixteenth Terms Begins


The 16th Majlis term started on Feb, 9, 1950.The sixteenth term was noisy, sawing the seeds of the Nationalization of Oil Industry. Britain filed a complaint with the International Court of Justice resulting in a restraining order preventing the Iranian government from measures it had already taken ... Read Full Article:


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October, 29, 1950 A.D.:
Educating Doctors In Isfahan


(IUMS) - Isfahan University of Medical Sciences was established in 1946 and was known at the time as Isfahan Senior School of Medical Training.After a 4-year course, students graduated as medical officers. Later, the school was relocated to a larger facility with a well-equipped laboratory.In 1950, ... Read Full Article:


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November, 25, 1950 A.D.:
Majlis Rejects AIOC Agreement


Majlis unanimously rejected the Supplemental Agreement by AIOC as inadequate on Nov, 25, 1950. AIOC was a symbol of western imperialism and political groups on the right and left saw it as their largest barrier to sovereignty and prosperity, and in 1949 Mosaddegh, a member of the Majlis at the time,... Read Full Article:


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December, 15, 1950 A.D.:
Toodeh Party Founders Escape From Prison


A person in military suit presented himself as the representative of the military court at the Ghasr Prison and took away some of the high ranking members of the Toodeh communist party in a military vehicle with him. Toodeh had been banned since the terror attempt on the last Shah in 1948 and their ... Read Full Article:


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January, 5, 1951 A.D.:
Shah Endorses Nationalization Of Oil


On May, 1, 1951 Shah reluctantly signed the law revoking Anglo-Iranian Concession and establishing the National Iranian Oil Company. The law had been approved by Majlis on Apr, 28, 1951 and Dr. Mosaddegh was elected as Prime Minister.After assassination of Prime Minister Razmara by Fada'iyan-e Islam... Read Full Article:


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January, 25, 1951 A.D.:
Vosooghoddoleh Dies


Hossein Vosoogh or Vosooghoddoleh was the elder brother of Ghavamossaltaneh who became representative of Tehran for the first term of parliament in 1906. He later became minister of justice, then minister of foreign affairs before being appointed prime minister by Ahmad Shah. After resignation in Ma... Read Full Article:


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February, 12, 1951 A.D.:
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi Marries Sorayya


Mohammad Reza Shah made his second marriage at the age of 32 with an 18 year old girl named Sorayya Esfandiari. Sorayya was born on June, 22, 1932 from an Iranian father and a German mother in Isfahan. Her entrance to the royal family coincided with Nationalization of Oil and a coup d'état after wh... Read Full Article:


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March, 3, 1951 A.D.:
Demonstrations For Nationalization Of Oil


Mounting protests against an unfair deal that gave Britain all rights over Iranian oil reserves led to street demonstrations on March, 3, 1950 and public gatherings of all groups of people including religious, national, and even communist movements were asking for Nationalization of Oil. On the same... Read Full Article:


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March, 7, 1951 A.D.:
PM Razmara Assassinated


Prime Minister Haj Ali Razmara came closer than any other politician to ratifying the Supplemental Oil Agreement between Iran and the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company (AIOC). The Supplemental Agreement drew the ire of most Iranians and Majlis.The new draft provided far less favorable terms compared to the ... Read Full Article:


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March, 20, 1951 A.D.:
Nationalization Of Oil Day


The Nationalization of Oil which passed as a law at the Iranian Parliament on March, 15, 1951 was later ratified by the Iranian Senate on March, 20, 1951 and Prime Minister Hossein Ala presented it to the Shah, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi on May, 1st.The first organized struggle against the British plunde... Read Full Article:


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April, 28, 1951 A.D.:
Iranian Oil Industry Nationalized By Law


After half a century of exploitation of Iran's wealth, the parliament passed the bill that nationalized Iran's oil industry. After Mansour's cabinet unexpectedly resigned on June, 26, 1950, General Razmara formed his own cabinet. The regime was trying to impose an atmosphere of fear and pressure, bu... Read Full Article:


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June, 20, 1951 A.D.:
Iranian Flag Waving On Abadan Refinery


In July, 1951, Mosaddegh sent a committee of five (including four National Front deputies) created by Majlis to Khuzestan to take over the oil installations and implement the nationalization law.Iranians struggled hard to put an end to the infamous D'Arcy agreement that gave the British exclusive ri... Read Full Article:


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July, 15, 1951 A.D.:
US Mediation Between Iran-Britain


(Massachusetts Institute of Technology) - A US diplomat named W. Averell Harriman arrived in Tehran on July, 15 1951 to mediate between Iran and Britain in the wake of the Iranian Nationalization of Oil Industry and negotiate an end to the Iran-Britain crisis. Harriman was a high-ranking and experie... Read Full Article:


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August, 22, 1951 A.D.:
Britain Imposes Economic Sanctions on Iran


(Werzit) - Iranians, under their national leader Dr. Mosaddegh were determined to end a long-term British robbery that had been institutionalized after the occupation of the country in 1943. The Anglo-Iranian Oil Company (AIOC) was practically stealing Iran's natural resources for free.After the fin... Read Full Article:


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October, 1, 1951 A.D.:
UK Files Complaint Against Iran


The UNSC receives a complaint filed by the UK against Iran after a brief meeting. Britain was using every possible means to counter a the nationalization of petroleum industry in Iran, a movement that could mark the end of colonial era in Iran. The Iranian government called this action outside of th... Read Full Article:


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April, 25, 1952 A.D.:
Majlis Seventeenth Terms Begins


The 17th Majlis term started on Apr, 25, 1952.The seventeenth term just like the preceding one was full of political turmoil. Election was carried out with some difficulties and some seats remained vacant throughout its unusual short life. Only 80 representatives were present out of 135. The issues ... Read Full Article:


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May, 2, 1952 A.D.:
British Ultimatum On Bahrain


Bahrain had been Iran's 14th province until the Europeans penetrated the Persian Gulf and it was occupied by the Portuguese in 1521. Bahrain changed hands several times but still was part of Iran although Iranians were never able to create a powerful navy. Dr. Mosaddegh was keen to return Bahrain un... Read Full Article:


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July, 21, 1952 A.D.:
Great Iranian Uprising


The great Iranian uprising is one of the peaks of the Iranian history. Prime Minister Mosaddegh resigned from his job as a formality on July, 8 with inauguration of the 17th parliament term, but before accepting duty again, Mosaddegh wanted to secure more authorities so that he could act freely in t... Read Full Article:


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July, 22, 1952 A.D.:
ICJ Dismisses UK Complaint Against Iran


July, 22, 1952, marks a great victory for the Iranian nation in the legal scene during the Nationalization of Oil movement. On this day, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) decided because Iran had only conceded to ICJ jurisdiction in cases involving treaties agreed upon after 1932, and as the ... Read Full Article:


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September, 6, 1952 A.D.:
Bank Saderat Founded


According to figures published in 1951, only %11 of all banknotes and coins in Iran were in bank deposits. This fact showed that people did not trust the state banking system. Understanding this vacuum, Ahmad Jalayer and Jahangir Tafazzoli were the main founders of the Bank Saderat which was registe... Read Full Article:


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October, 18, 1952 A.D.:
Iran Cuts Ties With UK


A couple of hours after Prime Minister Dr. Mosaddegh made an announcement on the public radio; explaining the reasons behind the government's decision to cut diplomatic ties with the United Kingdom, a draft in this regards which was earlier approved by the parliament was given to the UK embassy in T... Read Full Article:


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November, 19, 1952 A.D.:
Refining The Iranian Judicial System


Prime minister Dr. Mosaddegh believed that in order to have social justice and freedom, it's necessary to have a functioning judicial system and therefore ordered Mr. Lotfi, the minister of justice to clean up the corrupted judicial system. Mosaddegh was himself a graduate from the faculty of law of... Read Full Article:


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November, 20, 1952 A.D.:
Price Of Gold Coin, Mosaddegh Times


Tehran newspapers report price of 745 Iran Rials for Pahlavi gold coins while U.S. dollar exchange rate stands at 74 Rials. Those were times when Iran was under an economic embargo by Britain and could not export petroleum.... Read Full Article:


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November, 23, 1952 A.D.:
Purchasing Iran's Document Of Ownership


The cabinet of ministers headed by Dr. Mosaddegh approves a draft to buy at whatever the price, the original document related to proceedings in Dashte-Moghan, a meeting between representatives from 35 Iranian provinces (including Armenia) that appointed Nader Shah as the new king of Iran in 1736. Wh... Read Full Article:


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January, 15, 1953 A.D.:
The American Ambassador Meets Mosaddegh


Henderson, the American ambassador to Tehran met with Dr. Mosaddegh in his house at Kakh St on Jan, 15, 1953. Dr. Mosaddegh, the Iranian Prime Minister was suffering from illness and used to run affairs from his home. The meeting which took 7 hours was about a proposal by the British on the National... Read Full Article:


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June, 19, 1953 A.D.:
CIA Agent Kermit Creeps In


The CIA agent Kim Roosevelt (Kermit) is a less known figure in Iranian history compared to his great role in Operation TP-AJAX. Kim was the coordinator of the coup against Dr. Mosaddegh. Kim was also the bastard grandson of American president Theodore Roosevelt.Shortly prior to the 1952 presidential... Read Full Article:


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August, 13, 1953 A.D.:
Shah Dismisses The Prime Minister


Shah had totally lost control and was already taking orders from outside while signing a decree dismissing the popular Prime Minister Mosaddegh and replacing him with retired army general Zahedi. This paper were not announced publicly and it was just a formality to install a puppet regime. This pape... Read Full Article:


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August, 19, 1953 A.D.:
CIA Backed Coup Topples Mosaddegh


Kim Roosevelt, the grandson of Theodore Roosevelt was on a mission for CIA when he arrived in Tehran on Aug, 8, 1953, 16 days before the shameful operation that put an end to the young Iranian democracy's life.Accompanied by the British secret service agents and pro-Shah military officers, from the ... Read Full Article:


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August, 20, 1953 A.D.:
The Day After Operation TP-AJAX


TP-AJAX Code name for a covert CIA/MI6 backed military coup that toppled the democratic regime of Dr. Mosaddegh on Aug, 19, 1953 and restored Pahlavi dictatorship. This event is a back page of US/UK conspiracy. What happened the following day is interesting as ABC's of a coup:- A military curfew was... Read Full Article:


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November, 24, 1953 A.D.:
British Diplomats To Reopen Tehran Embassy


Three months after the CIA backed coup on Aug, 19 that toppled the popular Mosaddegh regime, 15 English diplomats and embassy staff enter Tehran to reopen the British embassy which was closed due to the row after Iran's nationalization of oil industry. The junta regime's PM General Zahedi declared s... Read Full Article:


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December, 7, 1953 A.D.:
Students Shot Dead At Tehran University


On Nov, 15, 1953 it had been announced that Richard Nixon was travelling to Tehran. The wounds of the CIA backed coup were still bleeding and university students planned on a protest. The junta regime settled soldiers and spies in the university campus in order to make Richard Nixon's trip safe and ... Read Full Article:


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March, 13, 1954 A.D.:
Dr. Fatemi Arrested


On August, 19 1953, Mosaddegh's government was overthrown by a CIA-orchestrated coup d'état. On August, 14 Fatemi was expected to get arrested along with Mosaddegh and other close associates, but the first U.S.-led coup attempt failed. Fatemi was arrested by a Royalist group of officers and soldier... Read Full Article:


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March, 28, 1954 A.D.:
Legalizing The Oil Consortium


On March, 28, 1956 the Iranian minister of foreign affairs presented reports at the parliament reasoning why making oil sales contracts abroad does not conflict with the law regarding nationalization of oil, claiming that the law was related to utilization of oil inside Iran. This lifted all legal o... Read Full Article:


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November, 10, 1954 A.D.:
Dr. Fatemi Executed


Hossein Fatemi lived a very active political life. When he was young, he worked as a reporter for the Mard-E-Emrooz newspaper. While he was studying in France, the chief editor Mohammad Masood was shot dead on the street on Feb, 12, 1948 Dr. Fatemi returned to Iran to continue his work as a leftis... Read Full Article:


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February, 18, 1955 A.D.:
Grounds For CENTO Treaty Provided


In the midst of a cold war between the east and west block, a military cooperation treaty between Iraq and Turkey was signed in Baghdad at the urging of the U.S. and Britain. Modeled after NATO, CENTO aimed to counter the threat of Soviet expansion into the Middle East. After Britain, Pakistan signe... Read Full Article:


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June, 24, 1955 A.D.:
New Additions To Municipality Law


The first municipality law was presented to Majlis on March, 21, 1907 and was codified in 5 chapters and under 108 headlines on June, 2, 1907. At first, the City Council members were chosen by people but after the coup in 1921, city councils went again under state control. On June, 24, 1955, both S... Read Full Article:


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August, 4, 1956 A.D.:
Mosaddegh Sent To Exile In Ahmadabad Again


Near the end of his three years prison term, Mohammad Reza Shah's military junta decided to transfer Dr. Mosaddegh to the Ahmadabad village. Mosaddegh's government was toppled after a USA-UK backed coup code named Operation TP-AJAX. The reason behind this heneous decision which was not endoresed by ... Read Full Article:


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September, 19, 1956 A.D.:
Foundation Of SAVAK


A draft on foundation of SAVAK which was approved at the cabinet of ministers, was presented to the parliament for for ratification. SAVAK soon became a dreadful secret service that got involved in many dark activities. Before foundation of SAVAK, intelligence and information gathering activities we... Read Full Article:


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November, 13, 1956 A.D.:
Population Of Iran 1956


Final results from a population count that takes place every 10 years :Accordingly Iran's population is 19 million while Tehran's inhabitants are 1,531,000.Population count was performed since the Achaemenid era for agricultural and taxing purposes. After introduction of Islam to Iran, it was used t... Read Full Article:


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April, 1, 1957 A.D.:
PM Ala Resigns Over Murders


Prime Minister Hossein Ala submitted his resignation following murder of three Americans in Baluchestan.The attack took place in the southeastern city of Iranshahr on March, 24, 1957. Two Americans and their Iranian drivers were killed in an ambush and an American woman named Anita Carroll was kidna... Read Full Article:


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May, 11, 1958 A.D.:
Khosrau Rouzbeh Executed


After a brief military tribunal, per Shah's approval, Khosrau Rouzbeh was executed. Major Rouzbeh was a communist activist who became an icon as a prodigy for his ability to escape detention several times. He continued anti regime underground activities until he was caught in a house in July, 1957. ... Read Full Article:


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September, 19, 1959 A.D.:
Nehru Visits Tehran


Jawaherlaal Nehru visited Tehran with his daughter Indira Gandhi on Sep, 19, 1959 returning Shah's visit to India with Queen Sorayya. Shah's 1956 India visit was a sensational Safari trip where newspapers reported mostly on Royal couple's adventures in jungle. They rode by elephant to the Ganges, an... Read Full Article:


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November, 22, 1959 A.D.:
Mohammad Reza Shah Marries Farah


After Mohammad Reza Shah's first two wives could not give him a son, he marries his third wife; Farah Diba. Shah's marriage to his first wife Fouziyeh and their separation is a mystery but his second wife Sorayya was barren and a heir was needed for the crown. Shah who was also a well-trained pilot... Read Full Article:


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March, 6, 1960 A.D.:
Ahvaz Sugar Factory Inaugurated


Iranians decided to built a sugar processing factory in Ahvaz in late 1930s which was opposed by the British government. Although initial studies had been made and Iranians received a suitable offer from the Skoda factory, the British saw it as a threat to their interests. When the WWII broke out al... Read Full Article:


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April, 13, 1960 A.D.:
Iran Gets First Fighter Jetplanes


Shortly after the Iraqi monarchy was overthrown in a military coup on July 14, 1958, the new government under General Abd al-Karim Qasim withdrew from the Baghdad Pact which was formed in 1955 by Iran, Iraq, Pakistan, Turkey, and the United Kingdom. Thus without Iraq; the organization was renamed as... Read Full Article:


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December, 5, 1960 A.D.:
Iran To Import Wheat From The U.S.


Iran started importing wheat from the U.S. The agreement had been made in November same year but because the treasury was almost empty a loan application was submitted to the International Money Fund. Iran's incomes were low because of low international oil prices and the fact that foreigners were a... Read Full Article:


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January, 9, 1961 A.D.:
Nullification Of Fraudulent Parliament Elections


The twentieth term Majlis elections under a two party system took place on Aug, 17, 1960. Manouchehr Eghbal, the Melliun Party leader was in charge of running the elections against Mardom Party leaded by Asadollah Alam. Some of the outlawed National Front party figures such as Dr. Ali Amini and Jafa... Read Full Article:


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February, 14, 1961 A.D.:
Inauguration Of Melli University


The inauguration of Melli University of Iran on the heights of Tehran took place with just 174 students. Primarily, this university had only two faculties of economy and architecture. In 1982 it was renamed as Shahid Beheshti university. In 1990 first courses offering doctorate degree in economy wer... Read Full Article:


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February, 21, 1961 A.D.:
Majlis Twentieth Terms Begins


During Majlis elections in 1960, contested primarily by the Melliyun Party and the Mardom Party, charges of widespread fraud could not be suppressed, and the shah was forced to cancel the elections. On Aug, 27 during a press conference and announced the election results invalid. Four days later he a... Read Full Article:


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April, 21, 1961 A.D.:
Teachers' Demonstration In Tehran


The teachers of Tehran took their voices of discontent to the streets and staged a public demonstration in the historical Baharestan Square where the parliament is located. But things became ugly when the police attacked the demonstrators in order to disperse them. The Baharestan Square soon became ... Read Full Article:


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May, 5, 1961 A.D.:
Amini Becomes Prime Minister


Dr. Ali Amini started his term as the 67th Prime Minister of Iran on May, 5, 1961. Mohammad Reza Shah was under pressure from US President John F. Kennedy. He was a member of the National Front, but broke away from the party in 1952. His pro-American tendencies were to the extent that made even the ... Read Full Article:


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October, 25, 1961 A.D.:
Amirkabir Dam Inaugurated


Inauguration ceremonies of the Amirkabir Dam took place on Oct, 25, 1961. Mohammad Reza Shah attended the ceremony.The initial studies for Amirkabir Dam took 22 years until 1956 when formal proceedings began and the final plan was approved in 1960. The Amirkabir Dam was constructed on the Karaj rive... Read Full Article:


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January, 20, 1962 A.D.:
Aviation Industry Nationalized


The Iranian aviation industry was nationalized under the name Iran Air. The private company Iranian Airways had been founded in April 1944 which shuttled between Tehran and Mashhad. The company gradually added some international flights. In 1954, the second private airline called Persian Airways was... Read Full Article:


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January, 30, 1962 A.D.:
Mosaddegh Supporters Arrested


Eight years after the CIA/MI6 backed coup d'état that re-installed the puppet dictator , Nationalist supporters of toppled Mosaddegh regained enough strength to state a public demonstration of 200,000 people in Tehran. The military junta responded with iron fist and did not hesitate to take about 2... Read Full Article:


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March, 27, 1962 A.D.:
The End Of Cold War Between Iran And USSR


Just 2 years before, on March, 27, 1960 media wars had begun between USSR and Iran. After Iran's alliance with the west and becoming close friends with the US, the Soviets' propaganda machine took the issue too seriously and even installed huge loudspeakers at the northern borders to deliver radio m... Read Full Article:


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April, 13, 1962 A.D.:
Shah Meets Kennedy At White House


Mohammad Reza Shah met with President Kennedy at the white house on Apr, 13, 1962. Farah Diba, Shah's newly wed third wife accompanied him on this trip. On their arrival in US on Apr, 11, Kennedy welcomes him to the United States again. Since Shah's first trip in 1949, relations became stronger. Bot... Read Full Article:


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August, 25, 1962 A.D.:
Lindel Johnson Arrives In Tehran


Lindel Johnson who was the U.S. secretary of states arrives in Tehran to meet Mohammad Reza Shah and other Iranian authorities. Johnson was delivering advices from John F.Kennedy's administration that would lead to reforms in Iran 6 months later called the White Revolution.Lindel Johnson became U.S.... Read Full Article:


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October, 13, 1962 A.D.:
Peykan Car Factory Founded


The Iran Nasyonal factory was founded in the Ekbatan street of Tehran with a capital of 10,000,000 Tomans on Oct, 13, 1962 and started manufacturing buses on March, 18, 1964 as a family business headed by Mahmoud Khayyami.After some unsuccessful experiences in producing Fiat brand of vehicles, Iran ... Read Full Article:


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October, 14, 1962 A.D.:
Sepah Danesh Corps Founded


During Mehregan celebrations, the Iranian Minister of Culture announced foundation of Sepah Danesh on Oct, 14, 1962. Sepah Danesh was a special corps within the Iranian Army that consisted of soldiers doing their obligatory military service with a high school diploma. The main directive of Sepah Dan... Read Full Article:


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January, 16, 1963 A.D.:
Iranian Jets Bomb Katanga Airport In Congo


After a request by the secretary general of the United Nations, six Iranian jet planes took off for a mission in Congo where a local separatist rebel had seized control of Katanga. Because of rich diamond mines, some foreign states including Germany were supporting rebel groups for their own interes... Read Full Article:


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January, 26, 1963 A.D.:
Referendum On White Revolution


Iranians participated in a referendum to approve social and economic changes that was called the White Revolution. This was the first time that Iranian women were exercising their right to vote. These changes included land reforms, labor benefits, acknowledging women rights to vote, etc. These refor... Read Full Article:


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June, 5, 1963 A.D.:
The 15 Khordad Uprising


Almost ten years after the CIA backed coup in 1953, the 15 Khordad uprising on June, 5, 1963 was the incident which actually ignited the Islamic Revolution in 1979. From the early hours of the day, people took their anger to the streets of Qom to protest Imam Khomeini's arrest. He was taken arrested... Read Full Article:


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June, 29, 1963 A.D.:
Shah Censors Israel Relations


On June, 29, 1963 The Iranian Ministry of Foreign affairs was ordered to keep relations with Israel secret and not to publish any related news or reports about Iran-Israel relations at the media. This decision was taken 3 days after Shah announced in an interview on July, 23, 1960 that Iran-Israel r... Read Full Article:


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November, 17, 1963 A.D.:
Soviet Leader In Tehran


For years Soviet transmitters beamed a propaganda barrage against neighboring Iran, including appeals for insurrection against Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi. Then Moscow's line became more seductive than destructive. Soviet Chief of State, Leonid L. Brezhnev on a state visit arrived in Tehran on Nov, 1... Read Full Article:


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March, 7, 1964 A.D.:
Prime Minister Alam Resigns


Mohammad Reza Shah used to change Prime Ministers as casually as other men change suits. On March, 7, 1964, he courteously turned out Asadollah Alam, the 17th Premier in the Shah's 22-year reign, and appointed as Premier #18 elegant Hasanali Mansour with a degree in economics and political science f... Read Full Article:


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April, 7, 1964 A.D.:
Imam Khomeini Freed From Prison


Imam Khomeini's enthusiastic speech in the Madrasa of Feyziyeh against Capitulation which drew an ire in Savak was somehow the starting point of a revolution. Two days later, on June, 5, 1963, security forces broke into his house in Qom at 4:00 am and took him away. This event led to an uprising wh... Read Full Article:


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April, 17, 1964 A.D.:
Civil Disorder In Fars, Troops Deployed


The Tehran radio announced that armed insurgents related to Ghashgha tribe simultaneously attacked several police stations in the Fars province at the same time. During the raids some people were killed and injured. The government announce deployment of troops to the region including the 4th gendarm... Read Full Article:


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November, 6, 1964 A.D.:
Foundation of Shiraz University


Shiraz University traces its roots to 1946, with the establishment of a technical college aimed at training specialists in the medical sciences with a four year program.Initially called the High Institute of Health, it developed into a medical school in 1950. In 1953, the Namazi School of Nursing an... Read Full Article:


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January, 21, 1965 A.D.:
Prime Minister Mansour Assassinated


On Jan, 21, 1965, Hasanali Mansour, the prime minister of the time was shot three times right after getting off his car in Baharestan square on his way to the parliament. He was reported dead four days later at the Pars hospital in Tehran. His term lasted for only 10 months and 14 days. His father a... Read Full Article:


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January, 27, 1965 A.D.:
Hoveida Becomes Prime Minister


Following assassination of Pahlavi Prime Minister Hasanali Mansour which was attributed to fanatic Islamists, Mohammad Reza Shah personally appointed Amirabbas Hoveida as Prime Minister and ordered him to form the cabinet of ministers. Hoveida had lived and served in foreign countries such as Lebano... Read Full Article:


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April, 10, 1965 A.D.:
Assassination Attempt Against Shah Failed


In Marmar palace, army private Shamsabadi fired bullets on Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi who just got off his car and going towards his office. Shah was not injured but two Royal guard officers and the attacker were killed. Shamsabadi was related to a leftist movement whose members were mostly students... Read Full Article:


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January, 7, 1966 A.D.:
Iraq-Iran Kurdish Clash


Relations between Iraq and Iran have been tense occasionally. One of the most pressing issues between the two nations is the Kurdish people living in a hardly policed mountainous area between Iran, Iraq, Turkey, and Syria. Kurds in Iraq, led by Mustafa Barzani and seeking autonomy, have been in rebe... Read Full Article:


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January, 26, 1966 A.D.:
Iran Enters UNESCO


20 years after it's creation in 1946, Iran is admitted to UNESCO. The 20th century became the time of communication among nations, this became possible by merits of advance in telecommunication. Information on economy, culture, and politics among nations became more available to more layers of socie... Read Full Article:


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March, 5, 1967 A.D.:
Mosaddegh Dies In Confinement


Britain abused Iranian prodigious oil fields for many years. That all changed in 1951 when Iranians nationalized the oil industry under Mosaddegh leadership. Mosaddegh was a true nationalist who really believed in democracy, human rights and freedom and he wished all the best for Iranians. Although ... Read Full Article:


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March, 20, 1967 A.D.:
National Iranian Television Inaugurated


The first Television transmitter was installed in Tehran on Oct, 25, 1958 and the date is known as the day TV broadcasts started. The Iranian TV was a privately owned company broadcasting programs for only four hours per day. In the summer of 1966, after installation of several transmitters nationwi... Read Full Article:


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June, 2, 1967 A.D.:
Shah Visits Germany: Student Shot Dead


On June, 2, 1967 Mohammad Reza Shah visited West Berlin.The first days of his visit to West Germany went as planned. Shah was received by the political and economic elite, Germany’s credits to Iran were enlarged and the reports about the Shah in the papers were friendly. Especially the yellow pres... Read Full Article:


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September, 11, 1967 A.D.:
First Opening of Shiraz Arts Festival


(Wikipedia) - The Shiraz Arts Festival was inaugurated by Queen Farah Pahlavi on Sep, 11, 1967. The Shiraz-Persepolis Festival of Arts was an arts festival held annually from 1967 to 1977 in Shiraz sponsored by National Iranian Radio & Television. The festival included music, dance and theater, perf... Read Full Article:


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October, 26, 1967 A.D.:
Mohammad Reza Crowns Himself


On his 47th birthday, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi crowns himself after 26 years of reign. It's not clear what his purpose was. Most likely, he wanted to introduce his son from Queen Farah Pahlavi as the crown prince. The coronation ceremony was an expensive one. World's most famous jewelers from France an... Read Full Article:


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January, 7, 1968 A.D.:
Wrestling Champion Takhti Found Dead


Gholamreza Takhti, the most famous wrestler in the Iranian history was found dead on Jan, 7, 1968 in his room at the Atlantic hotel in Tehran.Takhti was born on Aug, 27, 1930 in a poor family in Khaniabad district of Tehran. He barely finished 9th grade at school and continued his life as an athlete... Read Full Article:


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April, 2, 1968 A.D.:
Soviet PM Visits Tehran


Soviet Premier Aleksei Kosygin came to Tehran for a week-long state visit on April, 2, 1968 on Sizdeh Bedar Day, the 13th day of the Persian New Year.World War II had brought the start of American dominance in Iran's political arena, and with an anti-Soviet Cold War, the United States moved to conve... Read Full Article:


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August, 27, 1968 A.D.:
Iran's First Female Minister


Mrs. Farrokhroo Parsa was born on 22 March 1922, some minutes past Norooz eve in Qom. She proved to be a brilliant student at Homa primary school. After obtaining a college degree in natural sciences, she became a biology teacher in Jeanne d'Arc high school in Tehran where Farah Diba was one of her ... Read Full Article:


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September, 18, 1968 A.D.:
Phantoms Arrive In Iran


US delivered a fleet of 16 F-4D Phantom jet planes to Iran on Sep, 18, 1968. Mohammad Reza Shah planned ambitiously to become the greatest military power in the Middle East. Besides, the United States saw Iran as a strong ally for Israel and part of a tampon region alongside Turkey and Pakistan agai... Read Full Article:


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April, 2, 1969 A.D.:
Iran Breaks Ties With Lebanon


In protest to Lebanon's refusal to extradite Teimur Bakhtiar, Iran broke ties with Lebanon.Born in 1914 in Isfahan, Teimur Bakhtiar studied in Beirut together with Shapour Bakhtiar until he was admitted to a French military academy in 1933. Two years later, he returned to Iran and served as captain ... Read Full Article:


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April, 24, 1969 A.D.:
Iran Claims Her Share Of Arvand River


During the Mandate of Iraq (1920-32), the British advisors in Iraq were able to keep the Arvand Rood waterway bi-national under the principle that worked in Europe for Danube River: the dividing line was a line drawn between the deepest points along the stream bed. In 1937, Iran and Iraq signed a tr... Read Full Article:


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December, 26, 1969 A.D.:
Ten Drug Dealers Executed


Ten drug dealers were executed in Tehran after their verdict was reluctantly signed by Mohammad Reza Shah.Iran's vigorous police campaign began 14 years before, when health officials discovered to their alarm that 1 out of 10 Iranians was an addict. In some villages such as Sabzevar where they grew ... Read Full Article:


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March, 27, 1970 A.D.:
Princess Leyla Pahlavi Is Born


Born to Mohammad Reza Pahlavi 50, the Shah of Iran, and Queen Farah, 31, on March, 27, 1970, Princess Leyla Pahlavi made the headlines as the fourth child of the couple.Leyla Pahlavi's life story is a tragedy indeed.She was nine years old when her family fled Iran before the Revolution of 1979. Shah... Read Full Article:


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November, 10, 1970 A.D.:
Iranian Plane Hijacked


An Iranian twin-jet DC3 plane en route to Bandar Abbas was hijacked over the Persian Gulf. The nine hijackers were identified as criminals who had fled to Dubai and were arrested on several charges including forging documents. The hijackers who had been expelled from Dubai on the Persian Gulf had bo... Read Full Article:


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February, 2, 1971 A.D.:
The Ramsar Convention On Wetlands


Iran hosted representatives from 18 industrial countries who gathered in Ramsar to prepare the first comprehensive treaty regarding wetlands. The convention on wetlands, signed in Ramsar, is an intergovernmental treaty which provides the framework for national action and international cooperation fo... Read Full Article:


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February, 8, 1971 A.D.:
Anti-Shah Rebels Clash In Siahkal


Clashes in Siahkal marked the first of several encounters between the Pahlavi regime and armed rebels. The rebels were groups of students with extremist Marxist views who merged into the Organization of Iranian People's Fedai Guerrillas aka CFK guerilla army which used dense jungles of Gilan as thei... Read Full Article:


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February, 25, 1971 A.D.:
Iran Leads Oil Price Rise


Jamshid Amouzegar, finance minister of Mohammad Reza Shah received a a first class Taj medal as a reward for leading the six oil-producing nations of the Persian Gulf: Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Abu Dhabi and Qatar in wresting an increase in payments from 23 international oil companies, 20 of... Read Full Article:


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March, 17, 1971 A.D.:
17 Pahlavi Dissidents executed


The Siahkal Uprising was a guerrilla operation against Pahlavi regime organized by Organization of Iranian People's Fedai Guerrillas that happened near Siahkal town in Gilan on February 8, 1971, widely viewed as the turning point in the leftist armed struggle against the Iranian dictator Mohammad Re... Read Full Article:


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April, 7, 1971 A.D.:
General Farsio Assassinated


Following the Siahkal incident 13 members of the Organization of Iranian People's Fedai Guerrillas were executed by firing squad. The Siahkal Uprising had caught the Pahlavi Regime by surprise and posters were distributed with a bounty of 100,000 Tomans (~15,000$) for each of 9 OIPFG members, this i... Read Full Article:


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August, 14, 1971 A.D.:
Bahrain Declares Independence


Bahrain, the 14th province of Iran declares it's independence from mainland. Bahrain had been a part of Iran since the Achaemenid empire. After the fall of the Sassanid dynasty in the 7th century, Arab migration to the region accelerated. During the Deylamian dynasty, Bahrain was under the Fars gove... Read Full Article:


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October, 12, 1971 A.D.:
2500 Years Celebrations Ceremony


With a speech by Mohammad Reza Shah in front of Pasargadae, 2500 Years Celebrations began. Top officials from more than 100 nations attended the luxurious ceremonies that depicted Iran's glorious civilization but backfired as it drew ire between Iranians that saw it as a sign of Shah's personal ambi... Read Full Article:


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November, 30, 1971 A.D.:
Iran Takes Back Her Islands


Iranian forces seized control of Greater and Lesser Tunb Islands in the Persian Gulf. Since then, Greater Tunb, Lesser Tunb and Abu Musa Islands have been administered under the province of Hormozgan. Reference to the Greater Tunb as a Persian island is found in the12th century Farsnameh of Balkhi. ... Read Full Article:


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January, 14, 1972 A.D.:
Shahyad Tower Completed


The construction of the Shahyad tower started on Nov, 2, 1969 and was completed on Jan, 14, 1972. The Azadi tower located in the Azadi square has become a symbol of Tehran during the years. In 1967, a draft presented by Hossein Amanat, an engineer from Tehran University won the competition which too... Read Full Article:


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February, 3, 1972 A.D.:
Heavy Snow Kills 4000


The Iran Blizzard of February 1972 ended a four year drought but resulted in the deaths of approximately 4,000 people. A week-long period of low temperatures and winter storms, lasting from February 3 to February 9, 1972, dumped more than 3 meters of snow across rural areas in northwestern, central ... Read Full Article:


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April, 10, 1972 A.D.:
Quake Destroys Qir


Quake hit the historical city of Qir in the Fars Province in Iran and 58 villages were destroyed and more than 5,000 of their inhabitants were killed. The massive earthquake happened on Apr, 10, 1972. The strong 6.8 Quake, on the Richter scale came at 5:38 in the morning and caught residents of mud-... Read Full Article:


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June, 2, 1972 A.D.:
American Colonel Assassinated In Tehran


American Lieutenant Colonel Lewis Lee Hawkins who was attached to the U.S. Military Assistance Advisory Group to the Imperial Iranian Armed Forces in Tehran was assassinated in Tehran on the morning of June, 2,, 1973, as he was walking from his home to a street corner to be picked up by his driver. ... Read Full Article:


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March, 1, 1973 A.D.:
CIA Director Ambassador To Tehran


President Richard Nixon of the US named former CIA Director Richard Helms as Ambassador to Tehran. At a formal dinner party with Iranian Prime Minister Amir Abbas Hoveida, the Soviet Ambassador in Tehran, Vladimir Erofeyev asked Hoveida what he thought about the United States sending Iran a spy as a... Read Full Article:


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October, 30, 1973 A.D.:
Marmar Palace Becomes Museum


The construction of the Marmar palace with an infrastructure of 2870 square meters started in 1934 and was completed in 3 years by decree of Reza Shah. The architectural design of this two story building is a mixture of western and eastern styles. In 1970, the palace was designated as a museum. The ... Read Full Article:


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November, 28, 1973 A.D.:
Iran-USSR Air Combat


On November 28, 1973, an RF-4C aircraft piloted by IIAF Major Shokouhnia and USAF Colonel John Saunders engaged a Soviet MiG-21 flown by Captain Gennadii N. Eliseev.The Soviet pilot fired a Vympel K-13 missile at the Iranian aircraft, failing to destroy it. He pressed his attack, attempting to use h... Read Full Article:


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February, 10, 1974 A.D.:
Iran Iraq Forces Clash At Mehran Border


After Iran forces seized the triplet islands in 1971, Iraq military movements accelerated at the borderline and sporadic confrontations between the armed forces of the two countries began. These clashes were mostly attributed to the military cooperation agreement between Iran and USSR, as a muscle f... Read Full Article:


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February, 18, 1974 A.D.:
Khosrow Golesorkhi Executed


Khosrow Golesorkhi and his comrade Keramat Daneshian were executed in Tehran to become one of the most unforgettable icons of the Iranian leftists. Khosrow Golesorkhi was born in Rasht on Jan, 23, 1945. After his father died, he moved to Qom with his mother and later came to Tehran. His tendencies t... Read Full Article:


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July, 5, 1974 A.D.:
Shah Visits France


The entire French Cabinet lined up at the Paris Orly Airport to welcome Mohammad Reza Shah and his Queen Farah Pahlavi. President Valery Giscard d'Estaing skipped the NATO summit in Brussels to welcome the Iranian leader, who was welcomed at the Versailles Palace with fireworks and dances. By the we... Read Full Article:


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November, 2, 1974 A.D.:
Kissinger Visits Tehran


Henry Kissinger, the U.S. secretary of foreign affairs visited Tehran. One day after his arrival Mohammad Reza Shah announced that the price of crude oil must not rise. This statement showed that Kissinger's first goal from the mission was achieved.The second issue was Iraq which had close ties with... Read Full Article:


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December, 5, 1974 A.D.:
The Roof Collapsed At Mehrabad Airport


An accident at Mehrabad International airport in Tehran killed at least 17 and injured tens of passengers and their relatives. It was announced that heavy snow was the cause of this accident. Abolhasan Ebtehaj who was the executive manager at the ministry of Planning and budget at the time the build... Read Full Article:


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December, 28, 1974 A.D.:
SAVAK Kills Ayatollah Ghaffari


(Rasekhoon) - On December, 28, 1974 Ayatollah Hossein Ghaffari, died in the prison of the Pahlavi regime. Ayatollah Ghaffari was known as a highly knowledgeable clergyman who opposed puppet dictator Mohammad Reza Shah, he was a supporter of Ayatollah Khomeini and spoke out after he was sent to exile... Read Full Article:


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March, 2, 1975 A.D.:
Shah Announces Single Party System


Mohammad Reza Shah announced single party system throughout the country and all citizens became obliged to become a member of Rastakhiz party. After the fall of Reza Shah's despot regime on Sep, 16, 1941 people hoped that political freedoms will prevail but his son curbed all hopes by establishing a... Read Full Article:


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March, 29, 1975 A.D.:
U.S. To Build 8 Nuclear Reactors In Iran


According to an agreement between Iran and U.S. authorities signed in Tehran, The United States agreed to build and operate 8 nuclear reactors in Iran. The agreement was made between Henry Kissinger and Iranian authorities to seal bilateral ties. Other items foreseen in the deal totalling 15 billion... Read Full Article:


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April, 21, 1975 A.D.:
Iran-US Boost Academic Relationships


A flow of U.S. educators from Harvard to the University of Southern California headed for Iran to offer training and advice in everything from the latest audio-visual techniques to the peaceful uses of atomic energy, a need which Iran was willing to pay dearly for it.In March, 1975, Georgetown Unive... Read Full Article:


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June, 9, 1975 A.D.:
UASF Officers Assassinated In Tehran


Tehran was shaken by assassination of two U.S. Air Force officers working with the military-assistance mission in Iran. In an Interview after a visit to the U.S., Mohammad Reza Shah called the assassins disgusting and blamed MKO for the terror plot while drawing a happy picture of Iran where farmers... Read Full Article:


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June, 13, 1975 A.D.:
Iran Iraq Sign Algiers Treaty


One and a half month after the Istanbul meeting, Algerian leader Boumedian tried to mediate between the two arch foes during an OPEC meeting. A draft was presented in order to solve the border disputes between the two countries. After that, in three consequent meetings starting March, 15, 1975 that ... Read Full Article:


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February, 29, 1976 A.D.:
First Iranian Female Ambassador Appointed


Mehrangiz Dolatshahi became the Iranian ambassador to Denmark on Feb, 29, 1976 thus earning the title of the first (and so far the only) Iranian female ambassador abroad.Mehrangiz Dolatshahi was born in 1917 in Isfahan. She attended university in Germany, earning a doctorate degree in Social Science... Read Full Article:


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March, 15, 1976 A.D.:
Iran Switches To Imperial Calendar


Iranian Majlis and Senate approved the bill to use Imperial Calendar. Mohammad Reza Shah's ambitions during the 2500 Years Celebrations, had already irked many Iranians in 1971. The despot king wanted to have control on everything and for that reason, Iran switched to single party system in 1975. Th... Read Full Article:


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April, 30, 1976 A.D.:
Tehran Korean School Established


(Wikipedia) - Iran's sole school for South Korean nationals, the Tehran Korean School (also known as the Korean Embassy School), was established on April, 30 1976; it uses Korean as the primary medium of instruction, with English used for science and computer classes, and Persian offered as a foreig... Read Full Article:


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May, 17, 1976 A.D.:
Elizabeth Taylor In Iran


Actress Elizabeth Taylor was invited on Iran Air's inaugural nonstop flight from New York to Tehran, While the Hollywood superstar played the role of temperamental tourist in Iran to create lots of publicity as she was supposed to, she made the best of her time visiting important historical attracti... Read Full Article:


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June, 1, 1976 A.D.:
Smoking Ban In Public


After an assembly, the Ministry of Interior Affairs announced ban on smoking in public places on June, 1, 1976. The Ministry of Health published brochures and posters and other educational material, and prepared slides and short videos to raise public awareness regarding the smoking issue. Related o... Read Full Article:


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August, 16, 1976 A.D.:
Reports Of Torture In Iran


Amnesty International, the widely respected human rights organization headquartered in London, estimates that in the last decade torture has been officially practiced in 60 countries; last year alone there were more than 40 violating states. From Chile, Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay and Paraguay to Gui... Read Full Article:


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September, 19, 1976 A.D.:
UFO In Tehran Skies


(Wikipedia) - The 1976 Tehran UFO Incident was a radar and visual sighting of an unidentified flying object (UFO) over Tehran, the capital of Iran, during the early morning hours of 19 September 1976. During the incident, two F-4 Phantom II jet interceptors supposedly lost instrumentation and commun... Read Full Article:


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June, 8, 1977 A.D.:
Last US Ambassador Arrives In Tehran


William Healy Sullivan arrived in Tehran on June, 8, 1977.Sullivan served as the U.S. ambassador to Iran from 1977 until 1979. During this time, he played an important role in communicating U.S. wishes to Mohammad Reza Shah, the second and last Pahlavi king. In the 1970s, the U.S. had unusually high... Read Full Article:


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November, 16, 1977 A.D.:
Shah Meets Carter In Washington


Mohammad Reza Shah met with the U.S. President Jimmy Carter at the white house. The Israel issue was at the top of Carter's agenda. Shah was asked to extend support for diplomatic efforts to achieve peace in the Middle East. The two leaders also discussed alternative energy sources while emphasizing... Read Full Article:


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April, 14, 1978 A.D.:
Alam Dies In New York


Asadollah Alam was a prominent figure during the Pahlavi 2 period. His father Ebrahim Alam became governor of Sistan and Baluchestan province after aiding Reza Shah in the coup of 1921. His father's influence gave him a jumpstart in the court of Pahlavi as Mohammad Reza's chamberlain. Then he becam... Read Full Article:


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April, 26, 1978 A.D.:
Tatcher And Reagan Visit Tehran


Ronald Reagan arrived in Tehran two days before Margaret Thatcher. They both met with Mohammad Reza Shah, prime minister Jamshid Amouzegar, and other officials including Houshang Ansari the minister of petroleum. Thatcher became the Conservative party's new leader in 1975. In 1979 she became Britain... Read Full Article:


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August, 19, 1978 A.D.:
Fire In Rex Movie Theatre Kills 377


A fire broke out at the Rex Cinema in Abadan at around 8:21 pm while hundreds of people were watching a movie called Gavaznha. From around 700 people watching the movie 377 burned alive. Controversial reports came after the incident, specially those statements made by the officials made people suspi... Read Full Article:


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September, 8, 1978 A.D.:
Black Friday-Demonstrations Turn Bloody


The Black Friday was one of important events that led to the 1979 revolution. Only a few days after the fire in the Rex Cinema, the cabinet of Jamshid Amouzegar was forced to resign. Mohammad Reza Shah ordered Jafar Sharif Emami to form a new cabinet of ministers. . Sharif Emami was the son of a cle... Read Full Article:


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October, 5, 1978 A.D.:
Kuwait Rejects Ayatollah Khomeini


After 13 years of exile in Iraq, Ayatollah Khomeini's house in Najaf was besieged by the Iraqi police and he was deported from Iraq on Sep, 4, 1978. Despite the fact that Khomeini had obtained a visa to Kuwait, he was denied entrance at the airport due to the fear from Mohammad Reza Shah. He then t... Read Full Article:


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January, 4, 1979 A.D.:
Guadeloupe Conference On Iran


The Guadeloupe Conference attended by heads of four Western powers; U.S., UK, France and West Germany, was held in the first week of January 1979 on the island of Guadeloupe. Their agenda concerned world issues and the political crisis in Iran, where a popular revolutionary upsurge was about to top... Read Full Article:


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January, 6, 1979 A.D.:
Bakhtiar Becomes Prime Minister


Shapour Bakhtiar was Mohammad Reza Shah's last Prime Minister. He took several measures to appeal to the opposition movement such as ending restrictions on the press, freeing political prisoners, dissolution of SAVAK, and lifting martial law.He promised free elections, and ordered withdrawal from CE... Read Full Article:


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January, 12, 1979 A.D.:
Council Of The Islamic Revolution Founded


(Wikipedia) - The Council of the Islamic Revolution was a group formed by Ayatollah Khomeini on 12 January 1979, shortly before he returned to Iran. Over the next few months the council issued hundreds of rulings and laws, dealing with everything from nationalization to salaries. Its existence was k... Read Full Article:


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January, 16, 1979 A.D.:
Shah Flees To Egypt


The last Shah of Iran, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi left Iran with his wife and family for Aswan in Egypt on Jan, 16, 1979. Public demonstration in almost all Iranian cities could no more be silenced by military force and Shah was afraid of a coup against himself and was hoping that after his departure a C... Read Full Article:


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January, 24, 1979 A.D.:
Military Occupation Of Mehrabad Airport


Military occupation of the Mehrabad Airport took place on January 24, 1979 by an order from PM Shapour Bakhtiar. It was the last move from Pahlavi regime in order to prevent Imam Khomeini from flying to Tehran. Bakhtiar took several measures designed to appeal to elements in the opposition movement.... Read Full Article:


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February, 1, 1979 A.D.:
Ayatollah Khomeini Arrives In Tehran


An important milestone in actualization of the Islamic Revolution was Ayatollah Khomeini's return from exile on this day, Feb, 1, 1979. He arrived at the Mehrabad Airport of Tehran at 9:33 am on Air France. Accompanied by thousands of enthusiastic supporters, he went directly to Behesht Zahra Cemete... Read Full Article:


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February, 3, 1979 A.D.:
American General Leaves Tehran


General Robert E. Huyser a special envoy from Jimmy Carter left Tehran for Washington. His mission was to help the Iranian army take control of the civil uprising in Iran. Of Dutch origin Huyser was a US air force general who published the book Mission to Tehran before he died of heart attack in 199... Read Full Article:


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February, 5, 1979 A.D.:
Bazargan Becomes Prime Minister


On Feb, 5, 1979, Mehdi Bazargan was appointed by Ayatollah Khomeini as the revolutionary prime minister to form the interim government. At the same time Shapour Bakhtiar who was still claiming power, was the last prime minister appointed by Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi; thus Iran had two prime ministe... Read Full Article:


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February, 14, 1979 A.D.:
CFK Occupation Of US Embassy


Only three days after the Iranian Revolution, on Feb, 14, 1979 a group of CFK armed militants took control of the US embassy in Tehran facing little resistance. After a brief clash with the US Marines guarding the embassy, the compound was under control of the CFK. The United States was seen as Iran... Read Full Article:


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February, 19, 1979 A.D.:
Iran Sides With Palestinians Against Israel


One of the most determining dates in contemporary Iranian history is today when during a ceremony Yasser Arafat, the leader of the PLO inaugurated the Palestine embassy in Tehran. The building allocated for this purpose was the embassy of Israel. Ahmad, Ayatollah Khomeini's son represented his fathe... Read Full Article:


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April, 1, 1979 A.D.:
Referandum From Monarchy To Republic


After a referendum that took place on two consequent days, a great majority of Iranians voted for a change of regime from Monarchy to Islamic Republic. According to published records in this referendum 20,288,000 people voted "Yes" and 241,000 people voted "No" at the poll. Ayatollah Khomeini's decl... Read Full Article:


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May, 1, 1979 A.D.:
Dr. Motahhari Assassinated


Morteza Motahhari, one of the most prominent figures of the Islamic revolution of Iran was assassinated while leaving Dr. Sahabi's house in Tehran. The murderer approached him from behind and shot him in the back of his head causing his death in minutes. The extremist Forghan group took the responsi... Read Full Article:


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August, 7, 1979 A.D.:
International Qods Day Initiative


On Aug, 7, 1979, Imam Khomeini invited the Muslims around the globe to march in solidarity with Palestinians on the last Friday of Ramazan. Khomeini declared the liberation of Jerusalem a religious duty to all Muslims.Khomeini was quoted: Quds Day is an international day, it is not a day devoted to... Read Full Article:


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September, 10, 1979 A.D.:
Death Of Taleghani


Ayatollah Mahmoud Taleghani (1911 - September 10, 1979) was an Iranian theologian, humanist, Muslim reformer, democracy advocate and a senior Shia cleric of Iran. Taleghani was a contemporary of the Iranian Revolutionary leader Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini and a leader in his own right of Iran's Shia... Read Full Article:


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November, 4, 1979 A.D.:
Iranian Students Seize U.S. Embassy In Tehran


During public uprising Shah fled the country. After the revolution U.S. was asked to return the dictator but the request was denied. He was reportedly under treatment for cancer and took a surgery in New York. On Nov, 4, 1979 a group of young people calling themselves Students in the path of Imam st... Read Full Article:


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November, 5, 1979 A.D.:
PM Bazargan Resigns


One day after the U.S. embassy was raided, PM Bazargan resigned in protest. Bazargan was constantly under pressure from hardliners. He was one of founders of the most respected liberal movement in Iran whose political background indicated his activities alongside Mosaddegh. After the regime change, ... Read Full Article:


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November, 6, 1979 A.D.:
Last Shipment Of American Grain To Iran


Iran began a worldwide search for large quantities of grain to make up for supplies of grain from the United States. The last American grain shipment to Iran was a 32,000 ton cargo that left Portland, Oregon on Nov, 6, 1979.US wheat farmers considered a boycott not to be in their best interest.On No... Read Full Article:


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November, 13, 1979 A.D.:
US Reacts To Hostage Crisis


The United States freezes Iranian assets in the US based on the decision by President Jimmy Carter entering the two countries into a long-term period of hostilities. Anti-American sentiments in Iran fueled in part by close ties between the U.S. and the unpopular leader Mohammad Reza Shah. Shah fled ... Read Full Article:


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December, 3, 1979 A.D.:
Islamic Republic Constitution Approved


On June 18, 1979, the Freedom Movement released its draft constitution for the Islamic Republic that it had been working on since Imam Khomeini was in exile. Aside from substituting a president for the king, the draft constitution did not differ markedly from the 1906 constitution. Approved by Khome... Read Full Article:


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December, 15, 1979 A.D.:
Shah Escapes To Panama


Under international pressure and fear of being assassinated or delivered to Iran for trial, the Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the last Shah finds a resort in a far away island in Panama. Because of massive street demonstrations and constant public pressure Shah had fled from Iran like he had done 26 years ... Read Full Article:

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