The Iranian History Era :

Qajar Dynasty (1794 - 1925) AD

G+ Google+ F Facebook

Kerman_Bazaar.jpg

June, 17, 1794 A.D.:
Qajar Massacre In Kerman


After a long siege, Kerman was captured by Agha Mohammad Khan's army. The city had given refugee to Fathali Khan, the last Zand ruler and resisted heroically despite famine resulting from the siege that started in December. Fathali Khan finally escaped to nearby Bam in hopes of minimizing civilian c... Read Full Article:


Qajar_Infantry_2500_Years_Celebrations.jpg

March, 21, 1795 A.D.:
Agha Mohammad Khan Becomes King


The coronation ceremony of Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar, from a Mongol descent took place in Tehran. After defeating Ghafour Khan, the Zand governor, he proclaimed king in a tent on the Norooz of 1795.Tehran thus became the capital of Iran after on. Tehran's population was only 20,000 at the time but it... Read Full Article:


Qajar_Persian_Darvish_Georgia.jpg

September, 11, 1795 A.D.:
Persia Takes Back Georgia


The expansionist Russian Empire abused the power vacuum created with the death of Nader Shah in 1747 and following power struggles in Iran to install its own puppet king Heraclius in Georgia. A Russian contingent of two infantry battalions with four artillery pieces arrived in Tbilisi in 1784, but w... Read Full Article:


Traveling_Persia_1895_Edwin_Lord_Weeks.jpg

April, 10, 1796 A.D.:
Tehran Becomes Iran's Capital


Agha Mohammad Khan of Qajar dynasty announces Tehran as Iran's new capital. The city of Sari, in Mazandaran province used to be the Qajar capital but because of defensive considerations the decision to move the capital was taken. Tehran soon expanded and became Iran's most populated city. The follow... Read Full Article:


Agha_Mohammad_Khan_Qajar.jpg

May, 10, 1796 A.D.:
Russians Storm Darband


After becoming king, Agha Mohammad Khan of Qajar dynasty took back Georgia which was captured by Russians in 1873. Catherine was determined to counter the attack by a punitive action. Her army set out in April 1796 from Kizilyar and captured Darband on May,10. In June, the Russian army overran most ... Read Full Article:


Old_Persian_Mullahs_Muslim_Priests.jpg

June, 17, 1797 A.D.:
Agha Mohammad Khan Murdered


In 1791 and 1795, Agha Mohammad Khan marched into Georgia to recover one of the richest provinces of the Safavid dynasty. With the pretext that Georgia sought Russian protection, Catherine the Great responded in 1796 by sending an expedition. Agha Mohammad Khan was on his way to Georgia when he camp... Read Full Article:


Fathali_Shah_Sword_Jewels.jpg

April, 15, 1801 A.D.:
Etemadoddoleh Arrested


Haji Ebrahim Kalantar or Etemadoddoleh was a key figure in the bloody transition of power from Zand Dynasty to Qajar Dynasty. From a Jewish descent, he was one of the noblemen of Shiraz. In August, 1791, when Lotfali Khan appointed him as governor of Shiraz and marched towards Isfahan, Haji Ebrahim ... Read Full Article:


Napoleon_Mirza_Mohammed_Reza_Qazvini_Finkenstein_Castle.jpg

February, 11, 1805 A.D.:
Napoleon Sends Envoy To Iran


Napoleon I wanted to develop an alliance with the Persian Empire. France had already signed treaties with Persia in 1708 and 1715 with the visit of a Persian embassy to Louis XIV, but these relations ceased in 1722 with the fall of the Safavid dynasty. After the Anglo-Persian Treaty of 1801 which of... Read Full Article:


Persian_Darvishes.jpg

May, 4, 1807 A.D.:
Treaty Of Finckenstein Signed With France


The treaty of Finckenstein which was concluded between Iran and France. While France was at war with Russia and Britain, this treaty was of major importance because Napoleon recognized Georgia, Armenia, and Azerbaijan as parts of Persia. France was to furnish Iran with arms and training in the war w... Read Full Article:


Safavid_Ambassador_Shah_Abbas_Europe_Pope_Paul_V.jpg

August, 12, 1808 A.D.:
First British Ambassador To Persia


When the French signed the Treaty of Finckenstein with Persia in 1807, London appointed Harford Jones on a mission to establish diplomatic relations with the Qajar court. Britain's first envoy, John Malcolm could not succeed in gaining access to the Persian Court. The governor of India authorized Jo... Read Full Article:


Fathali_Shah_Qajar_Standing.jpg

February, 13, 1809 A.D.:
French General Leaves Iran


General Gardane who was appointed as the chief of the mission to help modernize the Persian army abruptly left Iran. His mission started as part of terms in the treaty of Finckenstein signed between Iran and France. He was cordially received in Tabriz on November, 1, 1807 by the crown prince Abbas M... Read Full Article:


Naseroddin_Shah_Banknote.jpg

May, 1, 1809 A.D.:
Loan Bank Of Russia Founded


The first bank founded in Iran in 1850 was the British New East Bank which had limited operations. The Imperial Bank of Persia was established in 1889 based on concessions given to Julius Reuter during Naseroddin Shah's reign. The bank issued banknotes that circulated in Tehran and Tabriz.On May, 1,... Read Full Article:


Iranian_Girls_Group_Performing_Arts.jpg

July, 7, 1811 A.D.:
Iranian Students Sent To England


After a significant rise in number of British delegates in Iran, the Iranian government under Fathali Shah felt the need for trusted interpreters in full command of English language who were also aware of the situation in Britain. Therefore, the suggestion made by Abbas Mirza, the crown prince was... Read Full Article:


Qajar_Aslanduz_Battle_Russia_1812.jpg

February, 13, 1812 A.D.:
Russians Defeated At Sultanabad


Receiving the news of Napoleon's invasion of Russia in the spring, Iranian troops moved from Tabriz to Nakhjevan and on February 13, 1812 Persians under Abbas Mirza routed Russians at Sultanabad near the Aras River. With new found confidence in their modern infantry, trained by British and French of... Read Full Article:


Qajar_Fathali_Shah_Bald_Plate_Gold.jpg

October, 31, 1812 A.D.:
The Battle Of Aslandooz


The Battle of Aslandooz took place between the invading Russian and the Iranian army in Aslandooz, north of the Aras River on Oct, 31, 1812.Russians wanted British mediation to make peace with Iran while keeping Caucasian territories taken from Iran. Some agents in the corrupt Qajar Royal Court had ... Read Full Article:


Iranian_Borders_After_Gulistan_Treaty.jpg

October, 24, 1813 A.D.:
The Gulistan Treaty Signed With Russia


After the assassination of Mohammad Khan, his nephew Fathali Shah was defeated by Russia in two wars despite a decree calling for the holy war. He was Iran's most incompetent ruler in memory that gave everything to Russia to stay in power and secure his son Abbas Mirza as heir to the throne. By this... Read Full Article:


Ashraf_Hall_Isfahan.jpg

July, 28, 1823 A.D.:
Erzurum Peace Treaty With Ottomans


Erzurum peace treaty was signed with Ottomans. Some border tensions and power struggles finally led to a war declared by Sultan Mahmoud 2nd in Oct, 1820. While the Ottomans' main army was engaged in Europe and they were dealing with revolts and uprisings in Balkans and Greece,Fathali Shah's son Moha... Read Full Article:


Persian_Cafe_Painting_Edwin.jpg

July, 28, 1826 A.D.:
Abbas Mirza Attacks Russians


In a provocative move, the Russians advanced in Erivan and occupied some localities to which Iranians protested and the ambassador sent to Saint Petersburg to discuss the issue was detained by Russians in Tbilisi. Abbas Mirza struck on July, 28 and succeeded at first. As Persian troops were approach... Read Full Article:


Fathali_Shah_Qajar.jpg

October, 1, 1827 A.D.:
Russians Capture Erivan


In a useless effort to regain lost territory in Gulistan treaty, Abbas Mirza crossed the border with 35,000 troops on July, 16, 1826. Baku and Ganjeh were quickly seized but the Russians held out in Shusha until Sep, 5 when reinforcement arrived and Russians took Ganjeh back immediately. Despite the... Read Full Article:


Borders_Turkmenchai_Treaty.jpg

February, 22, 1828 A.D.:
Infamous Turkmenchai Agreement


Iran was the loser of a war with Russia that lasted for two years. Russian generals threatened the Shah with conquering Tehran unless Iran accepted their peace treaty. By Turkmenchai treaty, Iran accepted giving Armenia, Nakhjevan and Talesh khanates to the Russians. Just like the Gulistan treaty T... Read Full Article:


Tehran_Qajar_Darvazeh_Dowlat_Gate.jpg

February, 11, 1829 A.D.:
Russia's Minister Plenipotentiary Killed In Tehran


Alexander Griboyedov, Russia's Minister Plenipotentiary to Tehran was killed during a raid on the Russian embassy at the age of 34. Aftermath the Russian war and humiliating Treaty of Turkmenchai, the anti-Russian sentiment in Iran was high. A eunuch and two girls from the royal harem of Fathali Sha... Read Full Article:


Tehran_Qajar_Abdolazim_Gate.jpg

October, 25, 1833 A.D.:
Abbas Mirza Dies


Abbas Mirza, the son of Fathali Shah was named the Crown Prince to ascend the throne as the third Qajar king. However he died one year before his father and took his dreams of the crown to the grave. Born on Aug, 26, 1789, he quickly showed strong military abilities and tried to modernize the Irania... Read Full Article:


Fathali_Shah_Shahanshahnameh.jpg

October, 23, 1834 A.D.:
Fathali Shah Dies


Fathali Shah was the nephew of Agha Mohammad Khan who ascended the throne on June, 17, 1797 after his uncle was murdered. His reign marked great territorial losses for Persia. Although he was praised for his vigorousness and intelligence by foreign diplomats, in their private notes, they described h... Read Full Article:


Haji_Mirza_Aghasi.jpg

December, 16, 1834 A.D.:
Mohammad Shah's Coronation


Crown prince Abbas Mirza had passed away one year before Fathali Shah's death on Oct, 1834. Mohammad Mirza who had entered Tehran in June was appointed crown prince and the governor of Azerbaijan. Mohammad Mirza went to Tabriz with his Vezir Ghaem Magham Farahani. As soon as the news of Shah's death... Read Full Article:


Iranian_Qajar_Girl_Sahebgharaniye_Palace.jpg

December, 25, 1834 A.D.:
Iran Purchases Coinage Machine


Iran used to have first uniform gold coins in the world since Dariush I and thus Iranians were the first nation to have a monetary policy, but during the Qajar reign with infiltration of the royal family by foreign missionaries Iran became more and more dependent on the foreign countries. During the... Read Full Article:


Naseroddin_Shah_Funeral.jpg

June, 26, 1835 A.D.:
Ghaem Magham Farahani Killed


One year after his accession to the throne, Mohammad Shah ordered the arrest of Ghaem Magham Farahani on June, 21, 1835. He was kept at the basement of the Negarestan Palace for 5 days. He was strangled to death on June, 26 because the Shah had an oath not to have his blood on his hand. His body was... Read Full Article:


Mohammad_Shah_Qajar.jpg

September, 20, 1837 A.D.:
Afghanistan Separated From Motherland


In the first year of Mohammad Shah's reign, under Henry Ellis, John McNeill was appointed secretary of the special embassy sent to congratulate the Qajar king on his accession to the Persian throne. He was honored with the order of Shir-o-Khorshid. McNeill was sent to Persia as Minister in May 1836,... Read Full Article:


Bisotoon_Embossed.jpg

November, 16, 1846 A.D.:
Ancient Inscriptions Decoded


Sir Henry C.Rawlinson finally succeeded in reading and translating stone curved Behistun Inscription. Before him Grotenfend had made such an attempt but had not completely succeeded. These inscriptions are of major importance since they actually define the borders of Iran. In one of these writings ... Read Full Article:


Qajar_Fathali_Shah_Kiani_crown.jpg

June, 2, 1847 A.D.:
Iran/Ottomans Sign Erzurum Treaty


The Treaty of Erzurum was indeed a set of two treaties in 1823 and 1847 that settled boundary disputes between the Ottoman Empire and Iran. Although the Treaty of Zuhab in 1639 had established the boundary between Ottoman Empire and Iran, the border in the mountainous Zuhab region remained a site of... Read Full Article:


Young_Naseoddin_Shah_Portrait.jpg

September, 13, 1848 A.D.:
Naseroddin Shah Ascends The Throne


When Mohammad Shah was on his dead bed, Iran was in a turmoil and the Vezir Haji Mirza Aghasi took refuge in Shah Abdolazim's shrine. Crown Prince Naseroddin Mirza came to Tehran and with the help of Mirza Taghi Khan, later known as Amirkabir, he ascended the throne. Amirkabir served him for 39 mont... Read Full Article:


Vezir_Amirkabir.jpg

February, 15, 1849 A.D.:
Amirkabir Marries Shah's Sister


Amirkabir married Ezzatoddoleh, Naseroddin Shah's sister on Feb, 15, 1846. According to a certificate of marriage, the bridewealth consisted of a Quran, and 8,000 Tomans cash in Ashrafi. Amirkabir was a brilliant man who dreamed of a modern Iran. With his efforts, Naseroddin Shah ascended the throne... Read Full Article:


Naseroddin_Shah_Camping_Smoking_Hooka.jpg

July, 9, 1850 A.D.:
Bahai Leader Bab Executed


Seyyed Alimohammad Shirazi also known as Bab was executed in Tabriz at the age of 31. The execution order was personally approved by Naseroddin Shah of Qajar dynasty who had just ascended the throne. One of his followers named Molla Mohammad Ali was also executed. Bab is known as the founder of the ... Read Full Article:


Kashan_Feen_Hamam_Amirkabir_2008.jpg

January, 8, 1851 A.D.:
Second Persian Newspaper Published


Vaghaye Ettefaghiyeh(means Events Happening in Persian) was the name of the second Persian newspaper that was published by the order from Qajar grand Vezir Amirkabir. The first Persian newspaper was Kaghaz Akhbar (meaning Paper News in Persian). Amirkabir's purpose in foundation of this newspaper wa... Read Full Article:


Qajar_Naseroddin_Shah_Uniform.jpg

December, 17, 1851 A.D.:
Etemadoddoleh Becomes Vezir


Shortly after Qajar king Naseroddin Shah dismissed Amirkabir, he appointed Mirza Aghakhan Nouri as his new Vezir on Dec, 17, 1951. The new Vezir, with the given title Etemadoddoleh was indeed a British spy who conspired against the previous Vezir Amirkabir with the help of Shah's mother Mahdolia. E... Read Full Article:


Tehran_Darolfonoon_School_2009.jpg

December, 23, 1851 A.D.:
Darolfonoon Inaugurated


Amirkabir set the foundation for Darolfonoon school in Tehran. The opening ceremony however, took place after he was dismissed from duty as Vezir. Darolfonoon was a replacement for traditional Madrasa. It was an institutional model for a war academy where Iranians could also study medicine and forei... Read Full Article:


Mirza_Taqi_Khan_Amirkabir.jpg

January, 10, 1852 A.D.:
Vezir Amirkabir Murdered


Amirkabir, one of the most brilliant figures of the Iranian history was murdered on Jan, 10, 1852, by an order from Naseroddin Shah at the Hamam of the Feen Garden in Kashan. Amirkabir had been kept there in exile since 1851. In 1847, Amirkabir had been appointed by Mohammad Shah to the court of the... Read Full Article:


Safavid_Book_Music_Horse.jpg

May, 11, 1853 A.D.:
Ottoman Victory At The Battle Of Torches


The Battle of Torches was fought continuously between 8th & 11th of May, 1583, between the Ottoman and Safavid armies. The name of the battle refers to torches used during night clashes. In the first phase of the war the Ottomans had been able to conquer most of the Caucasus. Osman Pasha was appoint... Read Full Article:


Henry_Rawlinson_British_Diplomat.jpg

November, 20, 1855 A.D.:
Britain Breaks Off Diplomatic Relations With Iran


After Charles Murray was appointed British ambassador to Iran in 1854, a very strange incident took place. The British ambassador appointed Hashem Khan, an officer in the Persian army and one of Shah's bodyguards as a secretary in the mission in Tehran. This was against the wishes of the Shah and h... Read Full Article:


Crown_Prince_Abbas_Mirza_Qajar.jpg

November, 1, 1856 A.D.:
Britain Declares War On Iran


Abbas Mirza's death on his way to Kandahar in 1834, created a power vacuum in Ariana, eastern Iran. The British used this situation to create a shield between Iran and India and sent Alexander Burnes disguised as a merchant to Kabul. He succeeded in toppling Dost Mohammad Khan and replacing him with... Read Full Article:


Persian_War_Map_1856.jpg

December, 9, 1856 A.D.:
Anglo-Persian Wars : Bushehr Resistance


After Iran claimed Herat, the British declared war on Iran on Nov,1, 1956 starting a war that lasted for 17 months. Instead of sending troops to Herat, the British naval forces advanced to the Persian Gulf and taking advantage of their superiority in sea bombed the Bushehr city for several days. The... Read Full Article:


Qajar_Naseroddin_Shah_Britain_Princess_Wales_Russia.jpg

January, 23, 1857 A.D.:
British Forces Capture Bushehr


After several days of heroic resistance, British forces seized the Bushehr seaport which was strategically important. The city and its surroundings had been bombed for 23 days. The war had broken out after Iranians occupied the city of Herat, a key city to Afghanistan and reclaimed it on Oct, 25, 19... Read Full Article:


First_Bus_Iran.jpg

March, 4, 1857 A.D.:
Iran Surrenders Afghanistan To Britain


Following the British occupation of Bushehr, Iran was forced to sign a treaty not less disturbing than the Turkmenchai agreement. Iran thus surrendered to Britain all claims to Herat and territories in present-day Afghanistan. Mediated by Napoleon 3, the treaty signed in Paris was later exchanged in... Read Full Article:


Qajar_Ferouk_Khan_1857.jpg

June, 25, 1857 A.D.:
Germany–Iran First Diplomatic Contact


(Wikipedia) - Even before diplomatic ties, unofficial relations had already taken root between the two nations. Goethe's dedication of his West-östlicher Divan (West-East Divan) to Hafez in 1819 is an illustration of how far back such cultural ties went.However, the first recorded diplomatic contac... Read Full Article:


Mashin_Doodi_Smoking_Machine_1860s.jpg

January, 1, 1869 A.D.:
Iran Joins International Teleghraph Union


12 years after invention of telegraph, in 1857, Iran was admitted to the International Telegraph Union. In March 1858, the first test message was transmitted that contained a short piece of literature thanking God. Right after that, cabling started between the Ark Palace until the Lalezar Garden and... Read Full Article:


Qajar_Agha_Mohammad_Khan_Young.jpg

March, 21, 1872 A.D.:
Sari Becomes Qajar Capital


The turmoil that followed the death of Karim Khan Zand swept through Iran and every tribal leader proclaimed king. Among these, a Qajar ruler eunuch Agha Mohammad Khan who was raised at the Zand court had a grudge against the establishment due to the fact that he had been castrated by Karim Khan's o... Read Full Article:


Naseroddin_Shah_Coach.jpg

May, 30, 1873 A.D.:
Naseroddin Shah In Berlin


Naseroddin Shah was the first Iranian king to visit Europe. Accompanied by Sepahsalar, the Prime Minister, some of princes, an English doctor, the photographer and royal servants, Naseroddin Shah left Rasht on boat on May, 12, 1873 for Saint Petersburg where he met Tsar Alexander 2. He left Russian ... Read Full Article:


First_Bank_Notes_Iran_German.jpg

June, 11, 1873 A.D.:
German-Iranian Friendship Treaty


Even before diplomatic ties, unofficial relations had already taken root between the two nations: Germany and Iran. Goethe's dedication of his West-östlicher Diwan (West-Eastern Divan) to Hafez in 1819 is an illustration of how far back such cultural ties went. German intellectual interest in Irani... Read Full Article:


Qajar_Postal_Services_Chapar_Horse.jpg

February, 13, 1876 A.D.:
Tehran-Tabriz Postal Services


Centuries after Dariush The Great created world's first Chapar System, Naseroddin Shah found out in a trip to Europe that postal services might be of some benefit. Nevertheless, the first Qajar postal courier departed from Tehran on Monday, Feb, 14, 1876, at around 6 o'clock in the afternoon towards... Read Full Article:


First_Baloon_Iran_1877.jpg

March, 24, 1877 A.D.:
Hot Air Balloons In Tehran Skies


Naseroddin Shah, in his memoires describes the balloon event enthusiastically. Five hours to the sunset, two balloons went up in the air in front of a school. He watched the spectacular event from above the Shamsolemareh building. His Harem was also watching the show from the roof of their Andaroon ... Read Full Article:


Qajar_Postal_Stamps.jpg

October, 16, 1878 A.D.:
Iran Joins International Postal Union


After Naseroddin Shah returned from Europe, he ordered Mirza Alikhan Aminolmolk who was the minister in charge to employ a committee of Austrians in order to make necessary reforms in postal services. Despite having the oldest post system in the world, Iran went backwards in terms of public services... Read Full Article:


Travelling_Kajaveh_Palanquin.jpg

February, 28, 1881 A.D.:
Marv Separated From Iran


Russian army took the city of Marv and annexed it as the Russian territory. Russians had taken Bukhara and parts of the greater Khorasan before. Iran had sent two military units to help defend against the Russians but on their way, the two Qajar princes that leaded these units entered an argument af... Read Full Article:


Qajar_Persian_Leopard_Gazelle_Hunt.jpg

May, 7, 1881 A.D.:
The Gold Rush Of Naseroddin Shah


While Iran was being driven into its most miserable days, the ring of local and foreign spies at Naseroddin Shah's court were doing their best to keep the king busy with silly occupations. After hearing about gold mines in Russia and South Africa, Naseroddin Shah suddenly decides to invest on gold m... Read Full Article:


Qajar_Naseroddin_Shah_Stamp.jpg

October, 20, 1884 A.D.:
Germany Diplomatic Representation In Iran


German foreign policy posits that its policy of constructive engagement is the most effective way to influence another country's behavior. Given this policy perspective, Germany considers the political and economic costs of sanctions to be unacceptably high. In addition to the loss to commercial in... Read Full Article:


Mirza_Gholikhan_Wife_Persian_Ambassador_New_York.jpg

November, 20, 1885 A.D.:
Second American Minister To Persia


The first American Minister Plenipotentiary to Persia was Samuel Benjamin whose mission started in 1883. It was Benjamin who first drafted the diplomatic code used by the American legation in Persia.After two years, he was succeeded by Fredrick Winston, who was appointed by US President Grover Cleve... Read Full Article:


Qajar_Young_Lady_Hooka.jpg

March, 8, 1890 A.D.:
Shah Signs Tobbaco Concessions


Naseroddin Shah signed the Regie Concession during his third visit to Europe on March, 8, 1890. By this agreement Shah sold the monopoly of the tobacco trade in Iran. In return, Iran would receive 500,000 Sterlings per year plus %10 of the profit. This agreement was made without necessary consultati... Read Full Article:


1890_1000_Toman_Banknote_Imperial_Bank_Persia.jpg

March, 31, 1890 A.D.:
Imperial Bank Of Persia Inaugurated


Originally known as The British Bank of the Middle East, The Imperial bank of Persia was established in 1889 with a royal charter from Queen Victoria, very unusual for an overseas bank at the time. Iran's banking system, including issuing banknotes had been managed by the British for over 40 years. ... Read Full Article:


Qajar_Harem_Hooka.jpg

December, 18, 1891 A.D.:
The Tobacco Uprising


A flyer signed by Mirza Mohammad Hasan Shirazi, circulated the streets of Tehran that asked cancellation of the Tobacco concession in 48 hours or prepare for the consequences. The flyers were asking people to prepare for jihad. During his third visit to Europe in 1890, Naseroddin Shah known for deba... Read Full Article:


Qajar_Mullah_Smoke.jpg

May, 14, 1892 A.D.:
Cancellation Of Tobacco Concession


By a decree, Naseroddin Shah ordered cancellation of the Tobacco concessions on May, 14, 1892. During his third visit to Europe in 1890, Naseroddin Shah made an agreement called the Regie Concession, according to which monopoly on tobacco trade in Iran was sold to the Regie Company. The concession w... Read Full Article:


Qajar_Public_Transportation.jpg

May, 27, 1893 A.D.:
Shah Gives Firooz Region To Russia


Naseroddin Shah of Qajar dynasty approved an agreement signed between Iran and Russia that changed the border line in favor of Russians. The Firooz region now located in Turkmenistan was therefore given away to Russia. As usual, the terms of such heinous agreements were published in Europe without ... Read Full Article:


Naseroldin_Shah_Takhte_Tavoos.jpg

May, 1, 1896 A.D.:
Naseroddin Shah Assassinated


Naseroddin Shah was born in July, 16, 1831 After the death of Mohammad Shah in 1848, Naseroddin as the crown prince succeeded to the throne. During his 48 years of reign he proved to be one of the most incompetent kings in the Iranian history. Despite the fact that he visited Europe three times, he ... Read Full Article:


Qajar_Mozaffaroddin_Shah.jpg

June, 7, 1896 A.D.:
Mozaffaroddin Mirza Enters Tehran


Following the assassination of Naseroddin Shah on May 1, 1896, Chaos broke loose as different factions sought to take power, and mobs rampaged in the streets. The police were unable to control them and the regular army could not be relied upon to do so. The Qajar Vezir, Aminossoltan gave the Cossack... Read Full Article:


Qajar_Naseroddin_Shah_Assassin_Mirza_Reza_Kermani_1896.jpg

August, 11, 1897 A.D.:
Mirza Reza Kermani Hanged


Mirza Reza Kermani was the person who assassinated Naseroddin Shah of Qajar dynasty on May, 1, 1986. While the Shah was paying a visit to the Abdolazim shrine in Rhagae, Mirza Reza approached him with a big paper that looked like a petition under which he was hiding a gun. Thus he put an end to the ... Read Full Article:


Qajar_Askar_Khan_Afshar_Ambassador_France.jpg

May, 14, 1900 A.D.:
First Iranian Competes In Olympics


The first Iranian to compete at Olympic Games was Fereydoun Malkom, a fencer who participated in 1900 Summer Olympics in France. He was disqualified during the first round (14-15 May). In Paris Games, 76 fencers from 19 nations competed. Iran, Haiti and Peru were not recognized by IOC due to the fac... Read Full Article:


Qajar_Mozaffaroddin_Shah_Coach_1900_Assassination.jpg

August, 2, 1900 A.D.:
Terror Plot Against Mozaffaroddin Shah


Assassination attempt against Mozaffaroddin Shah took place in Paris on Aug, 2, 1900 during his tour of Europe.According to Shah's own diary, on his sixth day of his visit, he was invited to the Versailles Palace. After taking some photographs, they were seated in a coach with his Prime Minister Am... Read Full Article:


Mozaffaroldin_Shah_Hunting.jpg

May, 28, 1901 A.D.:
The Infamous D'Arcy Agreement Signed


Mozaffaroddin Shah, Aminoddoleh and Moshiroddoleh were three genius Iranians who signed the famous D'Arcy agreement that recognized exclusive drilling, production and sales rights to William Knox D'Arcy for a period of 60 years. In return, Shah received £10,000. This agreement covered an area of 1,... Read Full Article:


Imperial_Bank_Persia_1938.jpg

March, 30, 1902 A.D.:
Telegraph Line Connects India-Europe


Iran and Britain agreed on the terms of a contract that connected India to Europe by Telegraph lines. Drown into royal corruption, Iran had become totally dependent on Europe in terms of modern technology. Paul Reuter, a British Jew of German descent was the first person to make an agreement to deve... Read Full Article:


Qajar_Khomeini_Childhood.jpg

September, 25, 1902 A.D.:
Ruhollah Khomeini Is Born


Ruhollah Musavi Khomeini was born in the town of Khomein about 300 kilometers south of Tehran as the son and grandson of known clerics. Khomeini lost his father when he was still an infant. Educated in Arak then Qom, he became a distinguished religious scholar and started teaching in Feyziyeh. His w... Read Full Article:


Mozaffaroddin_Shah_Qajar.jpg

February, 14, 1903 A.D.:
Commercial Convention : A Russian Victory


During Mozaffaroddin Shah's visit to England in August 1902, he asked for The Order of Garter which had been given to Naseroddin Shah by Queen Victoria in 1873. King Edward VII primarily refused to grant it to a Muslim fearing that it will arouse the jealousy of Constantinople. After the Shah left E... Read Full Article:


Mozaffaroddin_Shah_Qajar_Sporting_Moustache.jpg

September, 4, 1905 A.D.:
Mozaffaroddin Shah Visits Russia


The Qajar king Mozaffaroddin Shah paid a visit to Saint Petersburg. Russian Czar gave a gala dinner at the palace in his majesty's honor in Peterhof. The real reasons behind this visit are unknown but rising tensions against Russian presence in some provinces of Iran might have been an issue on the ... Read Full Article:


Mozaffaroddin_Shah_Qajar_Horseback.jpg

July, 27, 1906 A.D.:
Constitutional Monarchy Approved


It's a matter of debate which event really instigated the Constitutional Monarchy Movement but incapability and incompetence of Qajar kings was leading to disintegration of the country. The industrial and intellectual revolutions in Europe became a model for most Iranians who suffered centuries of o... Read Full Article:


Naseroddin_Shah_Funeral_Ceremony.jpg

August, 1, 1906 A.D.:
Moshiroddoleh Appointed Vezir


Moshiroddoleh was given the role of mediator during the Constitutional Monarchy Movement. When Einoddoleh was dismissed from duty on July, 29 by Mozaffaroddin Shah, he was the best candidate agreed upon to become the new Prime Minister. Moshiroddoleh also succeeded in terminating a refuge by the rev... Read Full Article:


Tehran_Mozaffaroddin_Shah_Constitutional_Monarchy_1906.jpg

August, 17, 1906 A.D.:
First Iranian Parliament Is Born


By a decree from Mozaffaroddin Shah Qajar, an interim parliament is convened in Tehran to prepare the regulations of parliament elections, hence the first election law was approved on Sep, 9 and the first Iranian parliament was inaugurated on Oct, 7 same year. Mozaffaroddin Shah signed the decree of... Read Full Article:


Qajar_Majlis_Parliament_Representatives.jpg

October, 7, 1906 A.D.:
Majlis First Term Begins


The first Iranian legislative election held on July 1906 after Iranian Constitutional Revolution by a Farman from Mozaffaroddin Shah Qajar.It was the first Iranian election in the history.In 7 October 1906, Parliament was opened in the Golestan palace.The first term began on Oct, 7 at Golestan Palac... Read Full Article:


Qajar_Mokhberoddoleh.jpg

October, 8, 1906 A.D.:
Sanioddoleh Heads The Majlis


In the second session of the first Majlis term, Sanioddoleh was elected head of the parliament while Vosooghoddoleh was appointed as his deputy. Morteza Gholi Khan Sanioddoleh (c. 1857-1911) was the son of Ali Gholi Khan Mokhberoddoleh and grandson of Reza Gholi Khan Hedayat. Sanioddoleh was a Qajar... Read Full Article:


Kiani_Crown.jpg

January, 20, 1907 A.D.:
Mohammad Ali Shah Crowned


After Mozaffaroddin Shah passed away, his son Mohammad Ali Shah was crowned by Prime Minister Moshiroddoleh. Shah did not invite Majlis representatives to his coronation ceremony, thus showing his unwillingness to accept Constitutional Monarchy and cooperate with the parliament. After he guaranteed ... Read Full Article:


Qajar_Majlis_First_Term_Representatives.jpg

June, 2, 1907 A.D.:
Majlis Passes Municipality/City Council Law


Management of cities in Iran, in its modern form began after Constitutional Monarchy during the first year of Majlis. The law that allowed creation of City Councils actually permitted citizens to govern their own cities apart from complexities of the central government.Before that, there were some i... Read Full Article:


Political_Prisoners_Bagheshah_Tehran_1907.jpg

August, 30, 1907 A.D.:
Aminossoltan Assassinated


Aminossoltan, who was the Prime Minister for 3 Qajar kings was killed. During Naseroddin Shah's autarchy, he was entitled Sahebjam, and during Mozaffaroddin Shah's reign he was given the title Aminossoltan.When the Constitutional Monarchy movement broke out of control, Mohammad Ali Shah dismissed Mo... Read Full Article:


Anglo_Russian_Entente_1907.jpg

August, 31, 1907 A.D.:
Dividing Persia:Anglo-Russian Entente


George Curzon masterminded the Anglo-Russian Entente. In a telegram on Feb, 3, 1900, he emphasized on British military presence in Iran and expressed anxiety over a Russian loan of 22.5 million Rubles that was given to Iran. Russians did not see any advantage in such a pact because they were already... Read Full Article:


Mohammadali_Shah_Qajar.jpg

February, 28, 1908 A.D.:
Bomb Explosion Near Mohammad Ali Shah's Coach


Two handmade bombs were thrown at Mohammad Ali Shah's imperial coach. Some of the guards around the carriage were killed but the Shah escaped the assassination attempt unharmed. Shah was travelling from the Gulistan palace towards Doshan Tappeh residence in east Tehran. A day later, the governor of ... Read Full Article:


Iranian_Nematollah_Boroujerdi.jpg

March, 7, 1908 A.D.:
Qavamolmolk Assassinated In Shiraz


Mohammad Reza Qavam also known as Qavamolmolk Shirazi was an influential nobleman opposing the Constitutional Revolution. He was a supporter of the ousted Mohammad Ali Shah and was summoned to Tehran by the Majlis. Qavamolmolk declared allegiance to Constitutional Monarchy and returned to Shiraz but... Read Full Article:


Oil_Well_Masjed_Soleyman_1908.jpg

May, 26, 1908 A.D.:
First Oil Well Drilled In Masjed Soleyman


For the first time in Iran, drillings reached oil in the historical city of Masjed Soleyman. At about 360 meters underground, they struck oil. The oil sprouting nearly 16 meters above the equipment signaled a new era of modern time colonization of Iran. Drillings had begun in 1903 in different areas... Read Full Article:


Qajar_Mohammad_Ali_Shah_Bagheshah.jpg

June, 22, 1908 A.D.:
Cossack Commander In Charge of Tehran


In the heat of the Constitutional Monarchy Movement, Mohammad Ali Shah hid himself at Bagheshah fortifications. Unfortunately, the treacherous Shah relied heavily on Russian Cossacks and put a Russian colonel in charge of Tehran's security, turning the city into a military garrison. Cossacks occupie... Read Full Article:


Mohammad_Ali_Shah_Qajar.jpg

June, 23, 1908 A.D.:
Russians Bombard Iranian Parliament


Russian cannons bombard the national parliament of Iran. After the death of Mozaffaroddin Shah, his son Mohammad Ali Shah started showing teeth to supporters of Constitutional Monarchy Movement. But public uprisings and pressure from dissidents forced him to seek a safe haven at the Russian embassy.... Read Full Article:


Sheikh_Fazlollah_Nouri_Hanging.jpg

November, 13, 1908 A.D.:
Sheikh Fazlollah Hanged


In a meeting against conditional monarchy (Mashrootiyat) that was held in Bagheshah where Mohammad Ali Shah, the Qajar king was residing. Sheikh Fazlollah Nouri orchestrated a campaign to gather signatures petitioning the shah to cancel Mashrootiyat. The shah willingly signed the order that later le... Read Full Article:


Persian_Qajar_Woman_Pilgrim.jpg

February, 13, 1909 A.D.:
Yepram Khan Leads The Uprising


Mohammad Ali Shah's shelling the parliament with cannons instigated people from all around Iran to join revolutionary forces. Yeprem khan, originally an Armenian was chosen the leader of these forces in Gilan. With the help of immigrant Caucasians they took control of Rasht and joined forces with ot... Read Full Article:


Railroad_Bridge_Oil_fields.jpg

April, 14, 1909 A.D.:
British Persian Petroleum Company Registered


A year after exploring rich oil reserves in Masjed-e-Soleyman in 1908, William Knox D'Arcy registered the British Persian petroleum company in London. Before D'Arcy, a French man named Julius Reuter had tried to gain the rights to Iranian oil reserves but he did not succeed. But D'Arcy somehow succe... Read Full Article:


Howard_Baskerville_Bust_Tabriz.jpg

April, 19, 1909 A.D.:
American Teacher Killed In Tabriz


Howard Baskerville was an American teacher in the Presbyterian mission school in Tabriz when he decided to join the Constitutional Revolution Movement and fought against the Qajar King Mohammad Ali Shah. In 1909 Russian Cossacks laid a siege on Tabriz trying to break the resistance. When he was aske... Read Full Article:


Majlis_Parliament_Tehran_Unrest_Soldiers.jpg

July, 1, 1909 A.D.:
Regulations For Second Parliament Elections


Second election regulations also called 2 phase elections were approved according to which more civil participation was foreseen. All voters should own a property worth al least 250 Tomans, or their taxes paid be above 10 Tomans or they should have a yearly income of 50 Tomans or they should be educ... Read Full Article:


Qajar_Mohammad_Ali_Shah_Sword.jpg

July, 16, 1909 A.D.:
Shah Seeks Refuge At Russian Embassy


Mohammad Ali Shah had lost all local support. His last hope was the Russian military to suppress the Constitutional Monarchy Movement. After a long siege that led to famine, Russian forces captured Tabriz on April, 29, 1909. Meanwhile, Mojahedin forces advanced towards Tehran from Rasht and took Qaz... Read Full Article:


Qajar_Ahmad_Shah_Decorated.jpg

July, 23, 1909 A.D.:
Ahmad Qajar Leaves Russian Embassy


At the peak of the Constitutional Monarchy Movement, Mojahedin reached Tehran by July, 1909 and defeated Cossack forces of Colonel Liakhoff. Mohammad Ali Shah sought refuge at the Russian embassy in Tehran on July, 16 and he was preparing to flee the country. Finally, Qajar tribal leaders reached an... Read Full Article:


Majles_Second_Term.jpg

November, 15, 1909 A.D.:
Majlis Second Term Begins


Parliamentary elections were held for the second time in Persia in 1909. The Social Democratic Party won 48% of the seats, whilst the Democratic Party won 24%. The new Parliament convened on 19 November.Azadolmolk, as regent to 13 year old Ahmad Shah formed a committee of 20 members in which followi... Read Full Article:


Qajar_Prince_Ahmad_Mirza_Shah_1909.jpg

November, 22, 1909 A.D.:
13 Year Old Becomes Last Qajar King


After 5 months of political chaos, the high council of the constitutional monarchy stripped Mohammad Ali Shah off his powers as king due to his negligence towards constitution and seeking shelter at the Russian embassy, and then appointed 13 year old Ahmad Shah as the new king. Some evidences sugges... Read Full Article:


Tehran_Victory_Constitutional_Monarchy.jpg

March, 19, 1910 A.D.:
Sattar Khan And Bagher Khan Depart For Tehran


When Tehran was liberated by Bakhtiari and Mojahedin of Gilan, Sattar Khan and other fighters had to seek refugee at the Ottoman embassy in Tabriz. Mokhberossaltaneh Hedayat who had become Azerbaijan governor could not get along with Sattar Khan, that's why he asked Sardar Bahador who had arrived in... Read Full Article:


Guard_Persian_Consulate_1910_US.jpg

May, 26, 1910 A.D.:
Newspapers Banned


The Prime Minister who was Ahmad Shah's regent ordered a ban on newspapers that criticized the government. The chief editors of these leftist publications were sent to court and some of them received jail terms. Ahmad Shah had not reached legal age, thus the country was ruled by the regent. Iran wa... Read Full Article:


Qajar_Iranian_Jews_synagogue.jpg

October, 30, 1910 A.D.:
Shiraz Blood Libel


(Wikipedia) - The 1910 Shiraz blood libel was a pogrom of the Jewish quarter in Shiraz, Iran, on October 30, 1910, sparked by accusations that the Jews had ritually killed a Muslim girl. In the course of the pogrom, 12 Jews were killed and about 50 were injured, and 6,000 Jews of Shiraz were robbed ... Read Full Article:


Ahmad_Shah_Qajar_Parliament_Majlis.jpg

February, 3, 1911 A.D.:
First Head Of Parliament Assassinated


Morteza Gholi Khan commonly known as Sanioddoleh, the first Majlis Speaker was assassinated in Tehran on Feb, 3, 1911. He was born in Tehran in 1856. After finishing higher education in Germany, he returned to Iran and was appointed as the head of the Post and Customs office. He was the founder of t... Read Full Article:


Morgan_Shuster_Atabak_Palace_Tehran.jpg

May, 7, 1911 A.D.:
Morgan Shuster Comes To Iran


After the French counselor Bizot was dismissed, American Morgan Shuster arrived in Tehran on May, 12, 1911. Iran had entered the 20th century officially bankrupt and all attempts to modernize the country had failed. Shuster succeeded in reorganizing the tax office in less than eight months against t... Read Full Article:


Morgan_Shuster.jpg

July, 17, 1911 A.D.:
Russia Pops Up Puppet Shah


A couple of years after fleeing the country, Mohammad Ali Shah landed near Astarabad on a Russian vessel on July, 17, 1911. The Russian Cossacks, with the help of some Turcoman mercenaries proceeded towards Tehran. His brother Salaroddoleh had also gathered some forces and attacked Kurdistan. After ... Read Full Article:


Russian_Cossacks_Iran_1910.jpg

July, 29, 1911 A.D.:
Shah Wanted, Dead Or Alive


Mohammad Ali Shah of Qajar dynasty had to flee the country after the Constitutional Monarchy Movement succeeded in capturing Tehran. He first sought refuge at the Russian embassy and then fled to Europe. He then put together an army with the help of Russians and entered the Iranian territory to rega... Read Full Article:


Qajar_Rasht_Tehran_Road_Caravan.jpg

September, 20, 1911 A.D.:
Nobel Brothers Rasht Pipeline


During the second term of the young Iranian Parliament (Majlis) a bill was approved which granted rights to an oil pipeline to Nobel Brothers on Sep, 20, 1911. This pipeline connected Rasht to Bijar Khaleh, a small port by the Caspian Sea. The Petroleum Production Company Nobel Brothers, Limited, al... Read Full Article:


Garden_palace_Maku_West_Azerbaijan.jpg

November, 28, 1911 A.D.:
Second Russian Ultimatum


Russia gave its first ultimatum to Iran on Nov, 11, 1911 which resulted in resignation of the government. However, Iran's backing up from confiscation of Shoaossaltaneh's properties and an official apology did not satisfy Tzarist Russia. On Nov, 28, 1911 a second ultimatum was given to Iran by which... Read Full Article:


Shiraz_1912_Parade_Indian_Cavalry.jpg

February, 7, 1912 A.D.:
British Telegram Changes Soviet Stance


Germany officially acknowledged Russian rights in northern Iran in the Potsdam Agreement signed on Aug, 19, 1911. However, there were some other items in the agreement that displeased Britain:- Russia accepted not to support Britain against Germany.- Russia supported construction of Berlin-Baghdad r... Read Full Article:


Cannon_Museum_Imam_Reza_1912.jpg

March, 30, 1912 A.D.:
Russians Bombard Imam Reza's Shrine


The Russian occupation forces attacked the shrine of Imam Reza in Mashhad which is considered the holiest place in Iran according to Shiite Muslims. During this attack parts of the building were destroyed and plundered. Some precious objects that had great historical value were stolen from the treas... Read Full Article:


Ahmad_Shah_Qajar_Sahinshah_1912.jpg

May, 6, 1912 A.D.:
Salaroddoleh Uprising


The fight between supporters of the conditional monarchy and the Qajar despots was heating up. The Qajar puppet kings who were supported by the Russians were trying to regain power. Salaroddoleh, son of Mozaffaroddin Shah proclaimed king and started a fierce fight against the new democratic movement... Read Full Article:


Abadan_Refinery_1913.jpg

February, 6, 1913 A.D.:
Russians Acquire Railway Concessions


In the midst of the Constitutional Movement, the Iranian government which did not have any financial resources but Russia and Britain, accepted to give railway concessions to Russians in exchange for a loan. On Feb, 6, 1913, the cabinet of Alaossaltaneh signed an agreement with the Loan Bank of Russ... Read Full Article:


Englishmen_Yazd_Bicycles.jpg

April, 5, 1913 A.D.:
Earthquake Devastates Boinzahra


More than 1200 residents of Boinzahra were killed in an earthquake that turned the city into rubble. In 1962 another earthquake took place in the same area that had more casualties. The shocks were felt in capital Tehran. Iran is situated on the earthquake line and earthquakes are seen frequently.... Read Full Article:


Ahmad_Shah_Qajar_Europe.jpg

April, 14, 1914 A.D.:
Borrowing For Coronation Ceremony


A well depiction of the extent of misery the Qajar dynasty was in before coming to an end; The government announced borrowing One hundred thousand Liras from the British bank at regular interest rates in order to cover expenses of the coronation ceremony of Ahmad Shah, the last Qajar king-to-be on t... Read Full Article:


Karoon_River_Boat_Shushtar_1914.jpg

May, 20, 1914 A.D.:
British Royal Navy Invests In Iran


It was inevitable for the British navy to switch from coal to oil. However, it was necessary to secure cheap and abundant resources. Churchill appointed admiral Edmund Slade as the head of a commission in order to investigate capabilities of the Anglo-Persian Oil Company. The commission pointed out ... Read Full Article:


Qajar_Sharafoddoleh_Majlis_Constitutional_Monarchy.jpg

December, 6, 1914 A.D.:
Majlis Third Term Begins


Parliamentary elections were held in Persia in 1914. The Democratic Party won 31% of the seats, whilst the Social Democratic Party won 24%. The new Parliament convened on 6 December.The third Majlis term started on Dec, 6, 1914. But its life was short and did not last more than a year. During the Wo... Read Full Article:


Iranian_Rais_Ali_Delvari.jpg

September, 3, 1915 A.D.:
Rais Ali Delvari Assassinated


(Wikipedia) - In World War I, Iran was neutral. In reality, Persian forces were affected by the rivalry between the Allied Powers and the Central Powers and took sides based on the conditions. Western interest in Persia was based on its significant oil reserve and its strategic situation between Afg... Read Full Article:


Last_Qajar_King_Ahmad_Shah.jpg

November, 15, 1915 A.D.:
Moving The Capital To Isfahan: Shah Undecided


On Nov, 15, the ministry of foreign affairs informed all consulates that Iran has decided to move the capital to Isfahan because Russian armies were advancing towards Tehran. Germans, Austrians and Ottomans had already left Tehran at the same time with some representatives of the parliament that for... Read Full Article:


Colonel_Pesyan.jpg

November, 21, 1915 A.D.:
Colonel Pesyan Takes Back Hamedan


Colonel Mohammad Taqi-Khan Pesyan (1892 - 3 October 1921) , born into an aristocratic family in Tabriz, was a popular military leader of Iran and became a national hero after his assassination. He is also famously known as being the first Iranian to successfully pilot an aircraft."If they kill me, m... Read Full Article:


Isfahan_Russian_Army_1916.jpg

February, 25, 1916 A.D.:
Russians Occupy Kermanshah


Russian troops completed occupation of Kermanshah after defeating Iran's gendarmerie forces. Russians had started intrusion into the city on Feb, 23 and Iranians were defending the city with no artillery units. After Kermanshah fell, groups of people from Tehran, Qom and Isfahan went there to organi... Read Full Article:


Qajar_Ahmad_Shah_Uniform_Sword.jpg

August, 20, 1916 A.D.:
Ahmad Shah Urged To Stay In Tehran


In the middle of the World War I, despite Iran's declaration of neutrality, Russians occupied Kermanshah on Feb, 25, 1916 and reached Ravandooz on May, 13 on their way to Iraq. The cabinet of Sepahdar Tonekaboni was dissolved on Aug, 12, as the Ottoman forces reached Hamedan. The next day, Ahmad Sha... Read Full Article:


Iranian_Cavalry_1930s.jpg

March, 29, 1917 A.D.:
Iran Acknowledges British Military Presence


The Iranian prime minister Vosooghoddoleh officially recognized the British SPR which special armed forces founded by the British. These forces were given the task of operating in the British Sphere in Southern Iran. The presence and operation of such forces inside of Iranian soil actually constitut... Read Full Article:


Qajar_Ahmad_Shah_Ceremony.jpg

May, 15, 1917 A.D.:
Demonstrations Against Prime Minister


Public demonstrations against Vosooghoddoleh, the Prime Minister took place in Baharestan sq. in Tehran. The demonstrators clashed with the police. These demonstrations had started in Kerman and Fars provinces 40 days before after Vosooghoddoleh ratified a request by the British to create an army un... Read Full Article:


Ahmad_Shah_Hunting.jpg

May, 29, 1917 A.D.:
Alaossaltaneh Announces His Cabinet Of Ministers


Following demonstrations against Prime Minister Vosooghoddoleh, he was forced to resign and Prince Alaossaltaneh was appointed to form a new government. He introduced his cabinet of ministers on May, 29, 1917 which was believed to be weak and unreliable from the beginning.That year was a disastrous ... Read Full Article:


Vosooghoddoleh.jpg

December, 14, 1917 A.D.:
USSR Nullifies Treaties Imposed On Iran


In deflations broadcast on 11th to 14th December the Bolshevik government of Soviet Republic nullified some of the treaties that were imposed on Iran by force in 1907;separating Iran into north and south regions under Russian and British control respectively. Lenin personally had signed the declarat... Read Full Article:


Darvazeh_Shemiran_1900s_Winter.jpg

July, 13, 1918 A.D.:
Execution Of 14 Iranian Officers By The British


Only four months to the end of the World War I, the British army executed 14 Iranian officers for no reason. Iran had declared neutrality before the war but the British and Russians invaded the country. In different parts of Iran, patriots had been naturally fighting against the occupying forces but... Read Full Article:


Vagon_Asbi_Horse_Wagon_Qajar.jpg

September, 24, 1918 A.D.:
Civil Registration Office Founded


Within the body of the ministry of internal affairs, an office for registration of four main events: Birth, Death, Marriage, and Divorce was founded. The office initially started distributing birth certificates among citizens in Tehran. On June, 14, 1925, a law was passed which obligated every citiz... Read Full Article:


Boats_Caspian_Sea_Harbour.jpg

July, 20, 1919 A.D.:
Russian Obtains Fishery Concession


Following the Bolshevik Revolution in 1917, Iran did not receive due payments and terminated the Shilat Agreement on June, 3, 1918. A Russian national named Gregor Petrovich succeeded in signing a new agreement with the Ministry of Agriculture, Commerce, and Commonwealth on July, 20, 1919 according... Read Full Article:


Reza_Khan_Machine_Gun.jpg

August, 9, 1919 A.D.:
Iran-Britain Treaty Signed Secretly


Vosooghoddoleh, the prime minister of Ahmad Shah secretly signed a treaty with the British that gave them exclusive rights to use Iran's roads and railroads. The agreement also gave Britain the authority over Iran's military and financial institutions. Vosooghoddoleh and some other officials had bee... Read Full Article:


Oops! Media Info Not Found:Reza_Shah_Children_Ashraf_Mohammadreza.jpg


Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the last Shah of Iran was born at the same time with his twin sister Ashraf in the Ahmadiyeh Hospital in Tehran. Their mother Tajolmolook was one of Reza Shah's four wives. Ashraf led a fast life and became a symbol of corruption in the royal family. She married 3 times, met w... Read Full Article:


Gilan_Kasma_Mirza_Kouchak_Khan.jpg

June, 7, 1920 A.D.:
Red Revolution Committee Of Gilan Founded


After the Bolshevik revolution in Oct, 1917 and collapse of Czar Empire, some Iranians expected a friendlier attitude from the newly founded U.S.S.R., at least by annulling the imposed Turkmenchai Treaty. However, the Bolsheviks dreamt of expanding their bloody empire under the red flag. After bombi... Read Full Article:


Tabriz_American_School_1923.jpg

July, 8, 1920 A.D.:
Khiabani Uprising In Tabriz


In 1919, Iranian Prime Minister Vosooghoddoleh secretly signed a treaty with Britain that gave the colonist state exclusive rights over Iran’s transportation, military and financial institutions. When the deal with Britain was finally revealed, on top of similar concessions to Russians, waves of ... Read Full Article:


Mosadegh_Younghood_Fars_Governor.jpg

December, 2, 1920 A.D.:
British Warning To Iran


Those were times when Britain was enjoying the advantages of being a superpower, bullying in Iran. On Dec, 2, 1920 the British representative gave a notice to the Iranian government to concede all affairs related to Kazak forces to the Great Britain. They wanted everything including management, logi... Read Full Article:


Abadan_Port_Persian_Gulf.jpg

December, 22, 1920 A.D.:
Armitage Settles Iran-Britain Disputes


First disagreements between Iran and Britain arose during the World War I. In Feb, 1915, German and Turkish spies, with the help of some tribal bandits in Khuzestan province plotted bombs that cut oil the oil flow resulting in some damages to British interests. According to D'Arcy Agreement's item #... Read Full Article:


Tehran_Lalezar_1944.jpg

February, 21, 1921 A.D.:
The Coup d'état Of Reza Khan


The Qajar dynasty was probably one of the weakest in Iran's history. After the World War I, Russia and Britain entered a fierce power struggle in Iran. The Qajar court was corrupt and deeply under influence of foreign missionaries. The last Qajar king was only a teenager when Reza Khan who was the c... Read Full Article:


Darvazeh_Ghazvin_Gate_1900s.jpg

February, 26, 1921 A.D.:
USSR Signs Friendship Treaty With Iran


After the Bolshevik revolution, changes began in Soviet Union's foreign policy and USSR under Lenin signed a friendship treaty with Iran wavering some of the imperial Russia's claims and erasing Iran's debt. The treaty which was signed in Moscow on Feb, 26, 1921, had 26 articles. Article 2 stated, t... Read Full Article:


Ahmad_Qavam_Ghavamossaltaneh.jpg

April, 2, 1921 A.D.:
Ahmad Ghavam Arrested


Ahmad Ghavam, later to be known as Ghavamossaltaneh was the governor of Khorasan when he was arrested by Colonel Pesyan. At first, these two important figures in Iranian political history were close friends. But after the coup on Feb, 22, 1921, Seyyed Ziaoddin Tabatabayi became Prime Minister. But G... Read Full Article:


Darvazeh_Shemiran_1900s.jpg

April, 11, 1921 A.D.:
Soviets Name Greater Khorasan as Turkestan


After the coup of Reza Khan, the Bolsheviks abruptly drew a virtual border around the territory previously seized from Iran and called it Turkestan. This decision was made due to fear from growing nationalist sentiments towards Iran. Years later, the territory was divided again and Persian cities of... Read Full Article:


Reza_Khan_Holland_Embassy.jpg

April, 30, 1921 A.D.:
British General Ironside Leaves Iran


Two months after the coup d'état that toppled the Iranian regime, the British general Ironside leaves Iran. Ironside had been chief of the British military in Iran since September, 1920. One of his tasks in Iran was to push back the Russian Kazak units that had stayed in Iran even after the Bolshev... Read Full Article:


Golestan_Palace.jpg

June, 21, 1921 A.D.:
Majlis Fourth Term Begins


After nearly six years, Majlis started its fourth term on June, 21, 1921. The bill requesting abolition of the 1919 treaty, signed between the Iranian Prime Minister and the British Government while Iran was under occupation, was nullified. The bill needed ratification by the parliament. During the ... Read Full Article:


1920_Abadan_Refinery_1300.jpg

June, 22, 1921 A.D.:
Majlis Denounces British Colonial Agreement


On the second day after the fourth term opening, Majlis denounced the Anglo-Persian agreement Issued by George Curzon in Aug, 1919. The hegemonic deal guaranteed British access to all Iranian oil fields (including five northern provinces formerly under the Russian sphere of influence) in return for:... Read Full Article:


Tehran_Ghavamossaltaneh_Abgineh.jpg

August, 24, 1921 A.D.:
Wanted : Colonel Pesyan


Prime Minister Ghavamossaltaneh put a reward on the head of Colonel Pesyan and gave authority to several influential people such as Shokatolmolk 2 and Sardar Moazez.Colonel Pesyan knew Ghavamossaltaneh as a corrupt person. After the coup of 1921, per order from Tehran, Colonel Pesyan arrested Ghavam... Read Full Article:


Darvazeh_Ghazvin_Gate_Tehran.jpg

October, 2, 1921 A.D.:
Colonel Pesyan Killed


Colonel Pesyan was a patriotic officer who was against presence of foreign troops in Iran. He found the Qajar court corrupt and in the hand of foreign spies. Colonel Pesyan took control of Khorasan on April, 2, 1921 when he was appointed governor by Seyyed Ziaoddin Tabatabayi, the prime minister aga... Read Full Article:


Mossadegh_Junta_Court.jpg

November, 21, 1921 A.D.:
Standard Oil Deal Approved


The Iranian parliament approved the bill which gave the American Standard Oil company the right to exploration of oil in north Iran in the area that included five provinces of Azerbaijan, Astarabad, Guilan, Mazandaran, and Khorasan for a period of five years. Iran's share was a net %10 of the petrol... Read Full Article:


Qom_Saint_Masoumeh_Mausoleum_Night.jpg

March, 24, 1922 A.D.:
Cleric School Founded In Qom


The school of Islamic theology, Feyziyeh was founded in the city of Qom by Sheikh Abdolkarim Haeri Yazdi. This institution somehow turned the small city of Qom into Iran's version of Vatican and the center for educating Shiite clerics. The foundation of this school also known as Howzeye Elmiyeh, als... Read Full Article:


Coup_Cabinet_Reza_Khan.jpg

June, 17, 1922 A.D.:
Ghavam Appointed Prime Minister


By a decree from Ahmad Shah, Ghavamossaltaneh was appointed Prime Minister for a second time. As a pro-democracy leader, he soon fell at odds with Reza Khan who was his minister of war at the time. Their disputes reached the 4th Majlis where influential socialists supporting Reza Khan forced him to ... Read Full Article:


Mirza_Kouchak_Khan_Jangali.jpg

December, 2, 1922 A.D.:
Warlord Of Jungle Decapitated


Mirza Kouchak Khan was known as the Warlord of Jungle. His name was Yunos, the son of Mirza Bozorg. He was born in 1880 in Rasht during some of the darkest days of Iran's history. Iran was under direct influence of Russian and British occupation forces. He studied in Haji Hasan's school in Salehabad... Read Full Article:


Tehran_Girls_School_1923.jpg

February, 15, 1923 A.D.:
Mostofiolmamalek Becomes Prime Minister


Mostofiolmamalek began his fifth term serving as Prime Minister on Feb, 15, 1923. In his cabinet, the future Reza Shah was the Minister of War and the Iranian political scene was chaotic less than 2 years after the coup d'état of Feb, 21, 1921.His term did not last more than 8 months and he submitt... Read Full Article:


Reza_Khan_Savadkoohi_Brigade.jpg

October, 25, 1923 A.D.:
Sardar Sepah Becomes Prime Minister


Ahmad Shah, the last Qajar king appointed Reza Pahlavi as the new Prime Minister and left for Europe eight days later. It's not clear what exactly happened between Reza Pahlavi and General Ironside in 1921 but the world power balance was changing and Reza Pahlavi took the power in his own hands. Ahm... Read Full Article:


Caravan_Transporting_Oil_Horseback_Desert.jpg

December, 20, 1923 A.D.:
Oil Deal Signed With Sinclair


The Iranian government signed an agreement that gave exclusive rights to petroleum resources of 4 northern provinces to the American Sinclair company in return for a %10 share and ten million dollars loan. Prime minister Reza khan expressed his content with the deal in a celebration ceremony in Tehr... Read Full Article:


Nakhjevan_Babek_Khorramdin_Statue.jpg

February, 9, 1924 A.D.:
Nakhjevan Declares Independence


Nakhjevan declared its independence on this day, Feb, 9, 1924. After years of war, Nakhjevan was separated from Iran after a battle in 1818 and became part of Russia according to Turkmenchai Treaty in 1828. In 1918, it was separated by Armenia from Azerbaijan. Being part of Transcaucasia, Nakhjevan ... Read Full Article:


1924_Oil_Well_Drilling_1304.jpg

February, 11, 1924 A.D.:
Majlis Fifth Term Begins


The Persian legislative election of 1923 was held in November 1923 after the appointment of Reza Pahlavi as Prime Minister by Ahmad Shah Qajar. It was the last election in the Qajar Dynasty. Parliament opened on 11 February 1924.The fifth Majlis was convened on Feb, 11, 1924. Majlis became the scene... Read Full Article:


Qajar_Pump_Station_Power_Plant_Oil.jpg

July, 8, 1924 A.D.:
North Petroleum Decree Approved


In 1924, the ministry of common wealth announced that all Qajar decrees related to mining should be registered and approved, otherwise they would be invalid. 23 decrees were presented of which only the one signed by Naseroddin Shah in 1880 was approved. This raised suspicion among people for there w... Read Full Article:


Robert_Imbrie_Arlington_Cemetry.jpg

July, 18, 1924 A.D.:
Mob Murders U. S. Vice Consul In Tehran


At the Arlington cemetery in Texas, U.S.A. lies Robert Whitney Imbrie who became victim of a mob attack in Tehran. The unfortunate event created a scar in the face of the Iranian history. It was the time of a transition from Qajar to Pahlavi dynasty after the collapse of the republican movement in M... Read Full Article:


1925_Tent_Winter_Camp_Company.jpg

January, 1, 1925 A.D.:
Soviets Play Game Of Geography


Three years after Russia became the Soviet Union, it was announced that Marv, Bukhara and other northeastern regions of the greater Khorasan that were indeed the cradle of Persian culture, history, and literature were kept Tajiks in the Badakhshan region to be separated from mainland. The idea was t... Read Full Article:


Tehran_Pahlavi_Doshantappeh_Plane_1930s.jpg

February, 25, 1925 A.D.:
First Fully Trained Iranian Pilots


(Wikipedia) - The Imperial Iranian Air Force (IIAF) was a branch of the Imperial Iranian Armed Forces and was established by Reza Shah, the Shah of Iran, in 1920. It became operational with its first fully trained pilots on February 25, 1925.Iran's first attempt to procure aircraft from the United S... Read Full Article:


1900_Darvazeh_Tehran_Gate.jpg

April, 5, 1925 A.D.:
Mohammad Ali Shah Dies In Italy


Mohammad Ali Shah of Qajar dynasty died in Italy at the age of 54. He had been diagnosed with diabetes. He ascended the throne after the death of his father Mozaffaroddin Shah. It was the peak of the public movement calling for Conditional Monarchy in Iran. However he could not cope with the turmoil... Read Full Article:


Mazandaran_Savadkooh_Veresk_Bridge.jpg

May, 22, 1925 A.D.:
State Monopoly On Sugar


The fifth Majlis approved a bill presented by the government creating state monopoly over trade of sugar. Reza Shah favored a centralized government with state control over essentials such as wheat, sugar, and tea. By exclusive control of such necessities in the market, he aimed at controlling produ... Read Full Article:


Reza_Khan_Ashraf_Mohammadreza.jpg

December, 12, 1925 A.D.:
The Qajar Dynasty Overthrown


Reza Khan had seized power on Oct, 26, 1923 and Ahmad Shah, the last Qajar king was forced to exile. On Oct, 31, 1925 Tadayyon, the vice president of Majlis presented a draft to abolish the Qajar Dynasty and choose Reza Khan as the interim head of the state. The draft was approved on Dec, 12, 1925 a... Read Full Article:


Majles_Entrance_Lion_Sword.jpg

January, 30, 1926 A.D.:
Majlis Library Inaugurated


Two years after the victory of the Constitutional Monarchy Movement in 1910, a draft was presented to the parliament proposing foundation of the Majlis library. Yet, the Majlis library could only be officially inaugurated on Jan, 30, 1926. Until that date, books and literature from all around Iran w... Read Full Article:


Iranian_Ahmad_Nakhjavan_IIAF.jpg

February, 24, 1926 A.D.:
First IIAF Pilot Flies From Paris To Tehran


The Imperial Iranian Air Force (IIAF) was established by Reza Shah in 1920. IIAF became operational with its first fully trained pilots on February 25, 1925. But it was difficult for Iran to acquire airplanes. One of these trained pilots was Ahmad Nakhjevan who was sent to France. His mission was to... Read Full Article:


Iranian_Embassy_Ankara_1944.jpg

April, 22, 1926 A.D.:
Iran-Turkey Sign Friendship Treaty


Imperial government of Iran and Republic of Turkey signed a friendship and security treaty on April, 22, 1926. The treaty which was arranged in eleven sections, was signed by Mohammad Ali Foroughi and Turkish ambassador to Tehran. By this treaty, the two courtiers agreed :- To prevent acts that woul... Read Full Article:


Reza_Shah_Self_Crowned_Coronation_Ceremony.jpg

April, 25, 1926 A.D.:
Reza Khan Becomes Reza Shah


Four years after his coup d'état, Reza Shah proclaimed king and started the Pahlavi dynasty which lasted until 1979 as the last monarchy in the Iranian history. It's been registered in history that Reza Pahlavi was in favor of republic as the form of government and wanted to follow the path in Turk... Read Full Article:


Reza_Shah_Oath_Majlis.jpg

July, 10, 1926 A.D.:
Majlis Sixth Term Begins


The first assembly of the 6th Majlis took place on July, 10, 1926. The shameful capitulation rights were cancelled. These were a set of terms or articles constituting an agreement between Iran and foreign governments which gave their nationals immunity in front of the law. Russian and British citize... Read Full Article:


Qajar_Interim_Government_Cabinet_Sepahdar_Tonekaboni.jpg

September, 19, 1926 A.D.:
Sepahdar Tonekaboni Commits Suicide


Mohammad Vali Khan, known as Sepahdar Tonekaboni was born around 1848 and made a career as military officer in Naseroddin Shah's army. He was given the title Nasrossaltaneh after repelling nomadic Turcomans that destabilized Northeast of Iran and became the governor of Astarabad in 1884.He became th... Read Full Article:

More About The Iranian History

Periods of the Iranian/Persian History by Dynasties





Happy Norooz 1393

Home About us / Contact    Products    Services    Iranian History Today    Top Iran Links    Iranian B2B Web Directory    Historical Glossary
Copyright @ 2004-2013 fouman.com All Rights Iranian