The Iranian History Era :

Afshar Dynasty (1736 - 1750) AD

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February, 26, 1736 A.D.:
Nader Ascends The Throne


Nader was ruling Iran as the regent of the young king Abbas who passed away at the time when Nader had restored the kingdom of Persia to its former splendor. Noblemen from all over the country were invited to a meeting in Moghan on Jan, 12, 1936 to decide on the faith of the country. Thus Nader was ... Read Full Article:


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March, 10, 1737 A.D.:
The Siege Of Ghandahar


By the time Nader Shah ascended the throne, he had already created the unity among Iranians and deterred imperial Russia and Ottomans from incursion into the Iranian soil but a new era of colonization had begun and Ariana became the new European playground. Chieftains and warlords in today's Afghani... Read Full Article:


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August, 10, 1738 A.D.:
Jalalabad Surrenders


After it was found out that the Indian court ruled by Mohammad Gurkani, did not refrain from supplying a safe heaven for the Afghan fugitives that were responsible for massacre of many civilians, Nader Shah was irritated by of indifference of his perfidious ally, then he marched towards Gazna, the ... Read Full Article:


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February, 13, 1739 A.D.:
Victory For Nader Shah At Karnal


Pursuing the Afghan invaders, in 1738, Nader Shah conquered Kandahar, the last outpost of the Hotaki dynasty. His thoughts now turned to the Mughal Empire of India for nurturing Hotaki fugitives.Nader Shah's conquest of India began with the Battle of Karnal which was a decisive victory for the Irani... Read Full Article:


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March, 20, 1739 A.D.:
Nader Shah Enters Delhi


Mohammad Gurkani gave battle to Nader with an army of 360,000 in a field 120 km from Delhi. However, an army of soft Indians were little able to oppose the hardy Iranian troops trained to arms by the most excellent discipline, and highly motivated. Iranians were able to seize every advantage that pr... Read Full Article:


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July, 31, 1740 A.D.:
The War In Tartary


During his expedition to India, news were heard that the kings of Turan and Kharazm has intruded Khorasan several times but they had been defeated by his son Reza Gholi but whose entire reduction he reserved for himself. He sent a number of engineers to Balkh to build several barges to be launched i... Read Full Article:


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May, 15, 1741 A.D.:
Nader Shah's Assassination Attempt Failed


Nader Shah had conquered three flourishing kingdoms and extended Iranian boundaries as far as Oxus to the north and Indus to the east. The death of his brother Zoheireddoleh was yet to be revenged: he, therefore, had no sooner recovered from the fatigue of his last campaign, than he led his army tow... Read Full Article:


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April, 3, 1742 A.D.:
Ottomans Declare War


The third and final phase of clashes between Iran and the Ottomans began after a series of negotiations between the two states were not settled. The Ottomans wanted to set up a puppet king, a Safavid pretender who proclaimed Shah of Iran and was kept in Izmir for some time. Then he was sent to Erzur... Read Full Article:


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August, 2, 1743 A.D.:
Nader Attacks Ottomans In Iraq


Nader Shah of Afshar dynasty starts an attack on Ottoman strongholds near Kerkuk. Nader Shah had a great military talent and was trying to regain those territories that were lost during last years of Safavi dynasty. In two days Iranian forces were bombarding last resisting Ottoman forces in Kerkuk. ... Read Full Article:


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July, 31, 1744 A.D.:
The Siege Of Kars


A Turkish commander in charge of Kars started sending circular letters to principal officers of Iran, inciting them to revolt under the flags of a puppet prince who pretended to be the true heir of Persia. This person was kept in the Ottoman court for several years and as Ottomans did not find the c... Read Full Article:


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July, 30, 1745 A.D.:
Ottomans Give Battle To Iranians


Information arrived that a vast Turkish army was marching by the way of Erzurum with more troops hastening through Diyarbakir to join them with all their forces. By one decisive blow, Nader decided to terminate his dispute with the Ottomans: he therefore sent his son Nasrollah to prevent the junctio... Read Full Article:


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September, 4, 1746 A.D.:
Iran-Ottomans Sign A Lasting Peace Treaty


During the last years of Safavid dynasty in Iran, Ottomans were able to annex most of Caucasus and west Iran. Meanwhile, Afghans were able to annex a part of Khorasan. The shah had to appoint Nader Afshar, a Turcoman warlord as his commander in chief. Under Nader’s command Iran was able to regain ... Read Full Article:


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June, 10, 1747 A.D.:
Nader Shah Assassinated


In the sixtieth year of his life, Nader had to deal with several revolts across the country. This situation drove him to a degree of fury that he put to death a great number of his governors and ministers, upon suspicion and not satisfied with destroying the leaders of the rebellion, he cut off whol... Read Full Article:


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June, 25, 1747 A.D.:
Ali Shah Crowned


After assassination of Nader Shah, his nephew Ali made a solemn entry into the capital of Khorasan, where he killed all heirs to the throne. The unfortunate Reza Gholi, Nasrollah, and 17 others of the imperial family, were massacred; but Shahrokh Afshar, a beautiful boy about fourteen years old, was... Read Full Article:

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