By: Mir M.Hosseini
Upon an initiative from the British government, Iran was somehow forced to sign a non-agression treaty with Turkey, Iraq, and Afghanistan in Saadabad Palace north of Tehran. Pakistan did not exist at the time. The main reason behind this treaty was to make it impossible for Iran to reclaim Afghanistan and the region east of Tigris river which had always been part of Iran.
Britain had invaded Afghanistan twice in the 19th century but was unable to fully subdue the country, and the third war in 1919 led to its full independence. A year after a civil war in 1978, the Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan supporting the communist government against a coalition of Islamic insurgents. The regime was toppled in 1992. Supported by American bases in Pakistan, a group of fighters known as the Taliban took control of most of the country by 1996. In 2001, the U.S. overthrew the Taliban for supporting international terrorism. Both Afghanistan and Iraq are currently under occupation.