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Civil Registration Office Founded

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September, 24, 1918 A.D.:
Civil Registration Office Founded

By: Mir M.Hosseini

Within the body of the ministry of internal affairs, an office for registration of four main events: Birth, Death, Marriage, and Divorce was founded. The office initially started distributing birth certificates among citizens in Tehran. On June, 14, 1925, a law was passed which obligated every citizen to register with the office and the ministry opened local offices in all provinces to facilitate the process. In 1928 another law was passed that gave the office the authority to act independently. The law also made it obligatory for every Iranian national older than 15 years of age to carry an identification card. In 1940, the office was given the authority to publish related statistics on 4 main events. In 1976, a general law regulating the Civil Registration Office passed the parliament. The whole registration system is old, slow, inefficient and inaccurate. Therefore some changes were presented to the law requiring every Iranian citizen to obtain a national identification card. The idea was to give every citizen a unique identification number, similar to the social security number in industrial countries in order to make it easier to access individual's information. But implementation of the new law which was passed in 1984 has been very slow due to lack of expertise and commonsense: a common disease within most state departments.

KEY TERMS:Iran , Iranian , Tehran

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