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The Battle Of Mycale

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August, 27, 479 B.C.:
The Battle Of Mycale

By: Mir M.Hosseini

After an alliance between Greeks and Spartans, many Ionian cities began revolting. Sacking of Athens was marked as "mission accomplished" as punishment for Greeks, but Xerxes rushed back to deal with revolts in Egypt and Babylon leaving behind his general Mardonius in charge. There was not a clear strategy for the aftermath of the victory and the occupied territories were just expected to surrender and comply but soon Mardonius learned that his terms were refused.
The region was vast and hardly defendable because the enemy had put together a strong fleet that could land overnight at any corner of Ionia. On Aug, 27, 478 B.C. 40,000 Greek alliance forces landed near Mycale mountain east of Samos. Iranians quickly formed battle lines on shore but some of their mercenary forces soon defected and fled the battlefield or joined the enemy lines. After a short battle, Persians retreated to the fort they had constructed further inland. The fort fell shortly and only a few of the remaining soldiers got the chance to flee to Sardis.
The complete destruction of the Persian navy, along with the destruction of Mardonius' army at Plataea, decisively ended the conquest of Greece.

KEY TERMS:Athens , Bab , Babylon , Egypt , Greece , Greek , Ionia , Ionian , Iran , Iranian , Mardonius , Mycale , Persia , Persian , Plataea , Samos , Sardis , Sparta , Xerxes

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