By: Mir M.Hosseini
Nakhjevan declared its independence on this day, Feb, 9, 1924. After years of war, Nakhjevan was separated from Iran after a battle in 1818 and became part of Russia according to Turkmenchai Treaty in 1828.
In 1918, it was separated by Armenia from Azerbaijan. Being part of Transcaucasia, Nakhjevan was part of Persian Empire for a long time but after the fall of the empire it changed hands many times among Romans, Ottomans, Armenians and Russians.
Nakhjevan became part of the Median Empire in 6th century B.C. After integration of Median Empire to the Persian Empire, Nakhjevan became part of the Satrapy of Armenia under Achaemenid Persia around 521 BC
Nakhjevan became part of the Sassanid Empire in the 3d century and they installed border units in the area that also covered Albania and Eastern Caucasia. The area became the scene of many battles between Iran and Roman Empire and then Byzantium.
In the 16th century, the Safavid Empire took control of Nakhjevan again however, during the rise of the Ottoman Empire, Nakhjevan frequently suffered during the wars between Iranian and Ottomans.
On Feb, 9, 1924 Nakhjevan was founded as an independent republic. Located south of Caucasia and north of the Aras River, it has borders with Armenian Republic on East and North, and with Turkey on West.