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Perspolis Turns Into Ashes

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February, 4, 330 B.C.:
Perspolis Turns Into Ashes

By: Mir M.Hosseini

A hero to one nation may well be a sucker to another; and that's the case for Alexander the Great. After the battle of Gaugamela Dariush 3 retreated to Ecbatana on Oct, 4, 331 B.C. to rearrange a new army. However uprisings started all over the kingdom. Alexander conquers Babylon and Susa easily and sets off for Perspolis. The city did not have city walls and as the symbol of the Persian empire, it was the richest city in the world. Alexander plundered the city, massacred all residents and the same night set Perspolis on fire; thus leaving the once glorious empire to ashes. Of few things left from the ruins are tablets made of clay that turned into bricks in the fire as a means to tell future generations the story of the greatest empire on earth. These tablets show that all people working in Perspolis had a wage and that slavery was forbidden. Women had a wage similar to men and earned salary during pregnancy. We also know that Elamite, Aramaic, and other languages were used alongside Iranian languages depicting the importance Achaemenids thought of preserving multi cultural societies. Alexander's conquest started as a savior but he became hated, then known as a barbaric person after burning Herat and it's residents.

KEY TERMS:Achaemenid , Alexander the Great , Aramaic , Bab , Babylon , Dariush , Dariush 3 , Ecbatana , Elam , Elamite , Gaugamela , Herat , Iran , Iranian , Persia , Persian , Perspolis , Susa , Tur

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