By: Mir M.Hosseini
Nader Shah had conquered three flourishing kingdoms and extended Iranian boundaries as far as Oxus to the north and Indus to the east. The death of his brother Zoheireddoleh was yet to be revenged: he, therefore, had no sooner recovered from the fatigue of his last campaign, than he led his army towards the mountains of Shirvan.
Nader Shah was passing through the forest in Mazandaran where rounds of bullets came from behind the trees. A bullet gazed his right arm, and struck his horse on the head, who fell immediately to the ground. The incident weakened him morally but the conquest of Daghestan was effected with little difficulty; as most of the savage chiefs, alarmed at Nader’s approach, came to him at the head of their tribes, and made a promise of submission to their king.
He came to stay for rest in Tehran for several months. Tehran used to be a small city with vast gardens and a nice weather mostly used as a summertime resting place to regain energy. The Russian envoy named Kaloushkin succeeded to meet with him in Tehran. Here's some excerpts from this visit on Feb, 15, 1742 in Saint Petersburg records:
"It was very difficult to meet with Nader. He's so maudlin with victory that he openly says that he can capture the earth at once if he wants. Nader is a military man and can not be trusted on political commitments. He does not like Ottomans and will not be good with us from his heart. It's very difficult to enter a political bargain with him because he prefers military solution for every situation. He loves swords, cannons, horses and obedient soldiers. Despite all this, whenever he's tired he asks his secretary who is present at all times to read him a poem from Hafez."
If Nader Shah had perished in the forest of Mazandaran his course would have been completely glorious; It had been suggested to him that the villain, who fired at him in the forest, had been hired by his eldest son Reza Gholi. Whether the suggestion was just or groundless, it is certain that Nader, in a fit of rage, ordered the Prince’s eyes to be torn out; the common, but inhuman, punishment for high crimes in Asia. His orders were no sooner executed. Then remorse, anguish, and despair succeeded to his wrath, and the great king started to have some sort of mental disorder which gained new force every day.