By: Mir M.Hosseini
A hero to one nation may well be a sucker to another; and that's the case for Alexander the Great. After the battle of Gaugamela, Dariush 3d retreated to Ecbatana on Oct, 4, 331 B.C. to re-arrange a new army. However uprisings started all over the kingdom. Alexander conquered Babylon and Susa easily and sets off for Perspolis.
Perspolis did not have city walls, as the symbol of mighty Persian Empire. It was the richest city in the world. Alexander plundered the city, massacred all residents when they refused to acknowledge him as king and then set Perspolis on fire; thus leaving the once glorious empire to ashes.
Of few things left from the ruins are tablets made of clay that turned into bricks in the fire as a means to tell future generations the story of the greatest empire on earth. These tablets show that all people working in Perspolis had a wage and that slavery was forbidden. Women had a wage similar to men and earned salary during pregnancy. We also know that Elamite, Aramaic, and other languages were used alongside Iranian languages depicting the importance of preserving multi cultural societies according to Achaemenid school of thought.
Alexander's conquest started as a savior but he became hated, and then known as a barbaric person after burning Herat and its residents earning the infamous title Gojastak.