(Wikipedia) - On October,11 2011, United States officials alleged there was a plot tied to the Iranian government to assassinate Saudi ambassador Adel Al Jubeir in the United States. The plot was referred to as the "Iran assassination plot" or the "Iran terror plot" in the media, while the Federal Bureau of Investigation named the case "Operation Red Coalition".
Iranian nationals Mansour Arbabsiar and Gholam Shakuri were charged on October, 11 2011 in federal court in New York with plotting to assassinate Al Jubeir. According to U.S. officials, the two planned to kill Al Jubeir at a restaurant with a bomb and subsequently bomb the Saudi embassy and the Israeli embassy in Washington, D.C. Bombings in Buenos Aires were also discussed. Arbabsiar was arrested on September, 29 2011 at John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York while Shakuri remained at large. On October, 24 2011, Arbabsiar pleaded not guilty.
The allegations of an Iranian plot met with a stream of disbelief from a number of foreign officials and analysts. Senior U.S. officials struggled to explain why the Qods Force would attempt such a delicate plot in such an unskilled style. No evidence was presented implicating Iran's most senior leaders.
On October, 11 2011, the U.S. Attorney General and the Director of the FBI announced two individuals have been charged in federal court for their participation in a plot allegedly directed by elements of the Iranian government to murder the Saudi Ambassador to the United States with explosives while the Ambassador was in the United States. "The criminal complaint unsealed today exposes a deadly plot directed by factions of the Iranian government to assassinate a foreign Ambassador on U.S. soil with explosives," said Attorney General Eric Holder. "Though it reads like the pages of a Hollywood script, the impact would have been very real and many lives would have been lost," FBI Director Robert Mueller said. The criminal complaint charged Mansour Arbabsiar, a 56-year-old naturalized U.S. citizen holding both Iranian and U.S. passports, and Gholam Shakuri, an Iran-based member of Iran’s Qods Force. The U.S. Government alleged that the Qods Force "conducts sensitive covert operations abroad, including terrorist attacks, assassinations and kidnappings, and is believed to sponsor attacks against Coalition Forces in Iraq." In October 2007, the U.S. Treasury Department had designated the Qods Force as providing material support to the Taliban and other terrorist organizations. The defendants were charged with conspiracy to murder a foreign official, conspiracy to engage in foreign travel and use of interstate and foreign commerce facilities in the commission of murder-for-hire, conspiracy to use a weapon of mass destruction, and conspiracy to commit an act of international terrorism transcending national boundaries.
Allegedly, Arbabsiar met with Shakuri from the Spring of 2011 to October 2011 to plot the murder of the Saudi Ambassador, and met with a Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) source in Mexico who posed as an associate of an international drug trafficking cartel. According to the complaint, Arbabsiar arranged to hire the source to murder the Ambassador using explosives, and Shakuri and other Iran-based co-conspirators were aware of and approved the plan. With Shakuri’s approval, Arbabsiar allegedly caused $100,000 to be wired into a bank account in the United States as a down payment for the killing. In June and July 2011, the complaint stated, Arbabsiar returned to Mexico and held additional meetings with the DEA source, where Arbabsiar allegedly explained that his associates in Iran had discussed a number of further missions they wanted the source and his associates to perform, including the murder of the Ambassador. During a July, 14 2011 meeting in Mexico, the source and Arbabsiar allegedly agreed that four men would be used to orchestrate the Ambassador’s killing and that the total price would be $1.5 million for the murder. Arbabsiar also allegedly assured the source that $100,000 would be forthcoming from Iran as a further payment towards the assassination and discussed the manner in which that payment would be made. During the meeting, Arbabsiar allegedly described having a cousin in Iran who was a "big general" in the military, and had requested that Arbabsiar find someone to carry out the Ambassador’s assassination. In a July, 17 2011 meeting in Mexico, the source told Arbabsiar that one of his workers had traveled to Washington, D.C. and had surveyed the Ambassador. They allegedly discussed bombing a restaurant in the United States that the Ambassador frequented. The source told Arbabsiar there might be innocent civilian casualties, to which Arbabsiar allegedly replied "They want that guy done, if a hundred go with him, f**k 'em", and that such concerns were "no big deal". On August, 1 2011 and August, 9 2011, allegedly with Shakuri’s approval, Arbabsiar caused two overseas wire transfers totaling approximately $100,000 to be sent as a down payment for carrying out the assassination.
On September, 20 2011, the source told Arbabsiar the operation was ready and requested that Arbabsiar either pay one half of the agreed upon price of $1.5 million or that Arbabsiar personally travel to Mexico as collateral for the final payment. According to the complaint, Arbabsiar agreed to travel to Mexico, and did so on September, 28 2011. He was refused entry by Mexican authorities and flown to John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York where he was promptly arrested by U.S. federal agents and subsequently confessed to the plot. According to the complaint, Arbabsiar told agents that he was "recruited, funded and directed by men he understood to be senior officials in Iran’s Qods Force," including his cousin who he had "long understood to be a senior member of the Qods Force." Arbabsiar claimed he had met several times in Iran with Shakuri and another senior Qods Force official where they discussed blowing up a restaurant in the United States frequented by the Ambassador and that numerous bystanders could be killed. In early October 2011, according to the complaint, Arbabsiar made phone calls at the direction of law enforcement agents to Shakuri in Iran that were secretly monitored. During these phone calls, Shakuri allegedly confirmed that Arbabsiar should move forward with the plot to murder the Ambassador and that he should accomplish the task as quickly as possible, stating on October, 5 2011, "Just do it quickly, it’s late..." Investigations by the FBI disclosed that money had been wired from a Qods Force bank account, and that Arbabsiar correctly identified a known Qods Force officer from a photo array shown to him in custody. On October, 24 2011, Arbabsiar pleaded not guilty.
U.S. officials said that it was "more than likely" that Iran's Supreme Leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei and the head of the Qods Force, Major General Ghasem Soleymani, knew of the plot, but acknowledged this was based on analysis rather than hard evidence. They speculated it was inconceivable that in Iran's hierarchy Khamenei or Soleymani would not be aware of such an action, stating "it would be our assessment that this kind of operation would have been discussed at the highest levels of the regime." The officials acknowledged that the plot was far "outside the pattern" of the Qods Force past activity. Others speculated that the men may have been acting as rogue elements in the Iranian government, rather than the actual government itself. "It's so outside their normal track of activity", said a senior law enforcement official who would speak only on the condition of anonymity. "It's a rogue plan or they're using very different tactics. We just don't know." The government of Iran vehemently denied the accusations, and Iran's United Nations representative called the confession "suspicious claims by an individual", and said his claims were fabricated. While the U.S. Department of Justice said Shakuri was still at large, Iran claimed Shakuri belonged to an Iranian exile opposition group aiming to overthrow the Iranian Government.
At the same time, a number of prominent Iran experts have questioned the Iranian government's link to the plot. Some believe it was probably just rogue elements in the Iranian government. Suzanne Maloney, senior fellow at The Saban Center for Middle East Policy at the Brookings Institution, said much of what was known of the plot did “not fit the usual patterns of Iran's involvement with terrorist activities. It seems quite credible to me that it could be rogue elements, but I don't know to what degree the Iranian military tolerates such dissent." Alireza Nader, an Iran analyst at the Rand Corporation, found it "difficult" to believe that Khamenei or Soleymani would order such an attack that "would put all of Iran's objectives and strategies at risk". If an Iranian agent was responsible planning the assassination attempt, it parallels event in 1998, when the murder of prominent Iranian nationalists and writers was organized by three rogue Iranian secret service operatives, part of the Qods Forces
Kenneth Katzman, a Middle East analyst at the Congressional Research Service, said, "There is simply no precedent – or even reasonable rationale – for Iran working any plot, no matter where located, through a non-Muslim proxy such as Mexican drug gangs.... The Iranian modus operandi is only to trust sensitive plots to their own employees, or to trusted proxies such as Hezbollah, Saudi Hezbollah, Hamas, the Sadr faction in Iraq, Iran-friendly extremist Muslims in Afghanistan and other pro-Iranian Muslim groups."
Reza Sayyah from CNN questioned the plausibility of the claim by asking, "Did an elite branch of Iran's military handpick a divorced, 56-year-old Iranian-American used-car salesman from Texas to hire a hit-man from a Mexican drug cartel to assassinate the ambassador to Saudi Arabia by blowing up a bomb in a crowded restaurant in Washington?"
In an orchestrated manner, several senior U.S. politicians, both Democrat and Republican, said the alleged plot could constitute an act of war by Iran. Senator Carl Levin, a Democrat who serves as chairman of the Senate Armed Services Committee says the plot may be an act of war against the United States. Republican Representative Michael McCaul shared his view. Republican Senator Mark Kirk called the plot an "act of war" and called on the Obama administration to consider sanctioning the Central Bank of Iran in response. Similarly, Republican Congressman Peter King, currently chairman of the House Homeland Security Committee, said Iran's actions constituted "an act of war". Congressional counter-terrorism advisor Michael S. Smith II of Kronos Advisory, LLC, who presented Congress a report on the Qods Force in April 2011, commented "If the rapidly expanding presence in our neighborhood of militant Islamist groups which accept directives from Iran's Qods Force special operations unit remains unchecked, the recent plot will most likely come to resemble a tip of the iceberg in terms of what could unfold within America’s borders."
U.S. Congressman Jeff Duncan (R, SC), introduced a House resolution urging the Obama administration to more closely examine terrorist threats in the Western Hemisphere emanating from Iran. The resolution calls for the Obama administration to: “Include the Western Hemisphere in the Administration’s 2012 National Strategy for Counterterrorism’s ‘Area of Focus,’ which was absent, in the 2011 edition.” It also calls on the Department of Homeland Security, along with other agencies, “to examine Iran’s presence, activity, and relationships in the Western Hemisphere, including the U.S.” The resolution was co-sponsored by Democrat Congressman Brian Higgins of New York. On January, 31 2012, Director of National Intelligence, James R. Clapper, testified that Iran was prepared for a series of attacks on the United States, citing the assassination plot as a reflection of willingness for the country's terrorist efforts.
After jamming public opinion with some imaginary terror threats from Iran, on October, 12 2011, President Obama imposed new sanctions on Iran and the White House said more actions would be taken. Three weeks after US officials accused Iran of an assassination plot to be carried out on US soil, the House Foreign Affairs Committee voted to expand sanctions against Iran. The far-ranging bill includes targeting Iran's central bank. Such action against Iran's central bank – which serves as a clearinghouse for nearly all oil and gas payments in Iran – will make it more difficult for Iran to sell crude oil, its chief source of cash, by blocking companies doing business with it from also working with US financial institutions. Some Iranian officials have likened such a step to an act of war. The House Foreign Affairs Committee has also passed the Iran Threat Reduction Act which makes it illegal for U.S. diplomats to engage their Iranian counterparts, strips the President’s authority to license the repair of Iran’s aging civilian aircraft to prevent civilian deaths, and imposes indiscriminate sanctions that could increase gas prices and hurt the Iranian civil society.
Several high profile political figures in Obama Administration have been allegedly engaged in financial transactions with MKO, a group in the official list of terrorist organizations issued by US. MKO has a base in Iraq, financed by CIA and MOSSAD to convey covert operations such as assassinations, bombings, and False Flag operations.
US President Barack Obama stated: “Even if at the highest levels there was not detailed operational knowledge, there has to be accountability with respect to anybody in the Iranian government engaging in this kind of activity." Vice President Joe Biden said that Iran would be held accountable for the plot and described it as "an outrage that violates one of the fundamental premises upon which nations deal with one another and that are the sanctity and safety of their diplomats". John Boehner, the Speaker of the United States House of Representatives, said: "It's a very serious breach of international behavior, and I would hope that our administration would hold the Iranian government – hold their feet to the fire over the actions that have been alleged in this complaint." Secretary of State Hillary Clinton called the incident a "flagrant violation of international and United States law".
Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad denied the accusations, calling them a "fabrication". Mohammad Khazayi, the Ambassador of Iran to the United Nations, stated that he was "shocked to hear such a big lie" and that the version of events presented by the United States was an "insult to the common sense". Khazayi wrote in a letter to Secretary-General of the United Nations Ban Ki Moon that Iran “strongly and categorically rejects these fabricated and baseless allegations, based on the suspicious claims by an individual.” Ali Larijani, chairman of the Iranian parliament, said that the claims asserted by the United States were a "childish game". A spokesman for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs told the Iranian Students News Agency (ISNA) that "Iran strongly denies the untrue and baseless allegations". Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, the Supreme Leader of Iran, described the allegations as "meaningless and absurd".
The scenario that was put forward by US officials was a conspiracy and lack of evidence rendered it absurd indeed and did not make any sense. Most political analysts even in US right wing have stated that the alleged plot might have been part of a series of False Flag operations by Mossad to trigger a war between Iran and the United States. Further statements by some pro-Israel politicians obviously indicate a go-ahead signal from conspirators.
Turki bin Faisal Al Saud, a former Ambassador of Saudi Arabia to the United States, stated that Iranian involvement in the plot was "overwhelming" and that "somebody in Iran will have to pay the price".
In France, a spokesman for the Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs released a statement saying: "For France, this is an extremely serious affair, an outrageous violation of international law, and its perpetrators and backers must be held accountable."
A statement released from the office of British Prime Minister David Cameron stated: "Indications that this plot was directed by elements of the Iranian regime are shocking. We will support measures to hold Iran accountable for its actions."
The Dutch minister of foreign affairs, Uri Rosenthal, has stated that he is "very, very, very, really exceptionally worried" about the alleged Iranian involvement in a plotted terrorist attack on civilians in the United States.
Iranian officials repeatedly called for proof and evidence supporting US allegations which Americans failed to produce, furthermore it was alleged by Iran that elements of Aniranian terrorist group MKO have been engaged in the case.
The alleged plot was not the only incident that raised tensions between Iran and the US in days to follow, nevertheless, the Obama administration followed a provocative policy typical to that of hostile states such as UK and France that caused major discontent among ordinary civilians, triggering anti-war protests.
Covert operations, military threats followed by increased naval presence in the Persian Gulf, and assassination of Iranian scientists seemed to be pieces of a bigger conspiracy against the peaceful Iranian nation.