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Indonesia / S.Africa Oppose UNSC Sanctions

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February, 29, 2008 A.D.:
Indonesia / S.Africa Oppose UNSC Sanctions

(FNA) - Permanent Representative of Indonesia Marty M. Natalegawa has expressed fundamental reservations about the new UN resolutions on Iran.
Addressing a press conference at the UN headquarters, the diplomat announced that Indonesia, as a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council, is not convinced that further sanctions on Iran are the best way ahead.
South Africa's envoy to the IAEA Abdul Minty also warned against any action "which can create the risk that Iran reduces or even terminates its cooperation with the IAEA."
He told reporters in Pretoria by telephone conference from Oslo that the latest report by IAEA chief Mohamed ElBaradei, showed "increasing confidence that Iran does not intend to use its nuclear program for military purposes."
The US is at loggerheads with Iran over Tehran's independent and home-grown nuclear technology. Washington has laid much pressure on Iran to make it give up the most sensitive and advanced part of the technology, which is uranium enrichment, a process used for producing nuclear fuel for power plants.
Washington's push for additional UN penalties contradicted the recent report by 16 US intelligence bodies that endorsed the civilian nature of Iran's programs. Following the US National Intelligence Estimate (NIE) and similar reports by the IAEA head ; one in November and the other one on Friday - which praised Iran's truthfulness about key aspects of its past nuclear activities and announced settlement of outstanding issues with Tehran, Russia and China increased resistance to any new punitive measures by the Security Council.
Tehran says it never worked on atomic weapons and wants to enrich uranium merely for civilian purposes, including generation of electricity, a claim substantiated by the NIE and IAEA reports.
Iran has insisted it would continue enriching uranium because it needs to provide fuel to a 300-megawatt light-water reactor it is building in the southwestern town of Darkhovin.
Not only many Iranian officials, including President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, but also many other world nations have called the UN Security Council pressure unjustified, especially in the wake of recent IAEA reports saying Iran had increased cooperation with the agency.
US President George W. Bush, who finished a tour of the Middle East earlier this month, has called on his Arab allies to unite against Iran.
But hosting officials of the regional nations dismissed Bush's allegations, describing Tehran as a good friend of their countries.
Bush's attempt to rally international pressure against Iran has lost steam due to the growing international vigilance, especially following the latest IAEA and US intelligence reports.

KEY TERMS:Abdul Minty , Africa , Ahmadinejad , Arab , Bush , China , Darkhovin , FNA , IAEA , Indonesia , Iran , Iranian , Mahmoud Ahmadinejad , Marty M. Natalegawa , Middle East , Mohamed ElBaradei , NIE , National Intelligence Estimate , Oslo , Pretoria , Russia , SC , Security Council , South Africa , Tehran , UN Security Council , UNSC , US , Washington

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