By: Mir M.Hosseini
On May, 12 1642 Shah Safi died and he was succeeded by his ten year old son Prince Mohammad Mirza who took the title Shah Abbas 2nd on his coronation day on May, 15, 1942, as the 7th sovereign of the Safavian Dynasty. Since the new Shah was still a minor, Safavid Grand Vezir Saru Taghi Khan continued to run state affairs while Abbas concentrated on his education.
Saru Taghi led a drive against corruption and made many enemies. On October 11, 1645 he was assassinated by a group of army officers. After this event Shah Abbas gradually started to take an active interest in government affairs and appointed Khalifa Sultan as grand Vezir.
In 1638, during the reign of his grandfather Shah Tahmasp, when the Kandahar Beylerbeygi was dismissed from office on charges of treason, he surrendered Kandahar to Mughal king Shah Jahan and his sons. Shah Tahmasp passed away in 1576, but his successor Shah Safi did not have the courage to get engaged in state affairs. In the summer of 1648 Shah Abbas 2nd personally marched from Isfahan with an army of 40,000 and after capturing Bost he laid siege to Kandahar on Jan, 3, 1649 and captured it on February 22nd. The Mughals attempted to retake Kandahar in 1650, 1651, 1652, and 1653, but they were not successful.
Because of these conflicts and increasing security in eastern borders, the Silk Road was no longer safe and import of goods from China was halted. Iranians started making China pots using same techniques and mass production of China and Porcelain somehow made the country independent and the industry evolved and exports to Europe increased significantly during the reign of Shah Abbas 2. He was also keen in development of capital Isfahan; the Khajoo Bridge and the Chehelsotoon Palace are reminders of his era.
Shah Abbas died in Khosrau Abad near Damghan on the night of 25-26 October 1666 at the age of 34. The early death of this capable ruler was greatly regretted. He was buried in Qom.