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آئين زردشتى ، بهدینی

World's first monotheistic religion founded in the sixth century B.C. by the prophet Zoroaster who brought the Avesta, and characterized by God Ahura Mazda who requires good deeds for help in his cosmic struggle against the evil spirit Ahriman (Wikipedia) - Zoroastrianism is a religion and philosophy based on the teachings of prophet Zoroaster (also known as Zarathustra, in Avestan) and was formerly among the world's largest religions. It was probably founded some time before the 6th century BCE in Persia (Iran). The term Zoroastrianism is, in general usage, essentially synonymous with Mazdaism (the worship of Ahura Mazda, exalted by Zoroaster as the supreme divine authority). In Zoroastrianism, the Creator Ahura Mazda is all good, and no evil originates from Him. Thus, in Zoroastrianism good and evil have distinct sources, with evil (druj) trying to destroy the creation of Mazda, and good trying to sustain it. Mazda is not immanent in the world, and His creation is represented by the Amesha Spentas and the host of other Yazatas, through whom the works of God are evident to humanity, and through whom worship of Mazda is ultimately directed. The most important texts of the religion are those of the Avesta, of which a significant portion has been lost, and mostly only the liturgies of which have survived. The lost portions are known of only through references and brief quotations in the later works, primarily from the 9th to 11th centuries. In some form, it served as the national- or state religion of a significant portion of the Iranian people for many centuries. The religion first dwindled when the Achaemenid Empire was invaded by Alexander III of Macedon, after which it collapsed and disintegrated and it was further gradually marginalized by Islam from the 7th century onwards with the decline of the Sassanid Empire. The political power of the pre-Islamic Iranian dynasties lent Zoroastrianism immense prestige in ancient times, and some of its leading doctrines were adopted by other religious systems. It has no major theological divisions (the only significant schism is based on calendar differences), but it is not uniform. Modern-era influences have a significant impact on individual and local beliefs, practices, values and vocabulary, sometimes complementing tradition and enriching it, but sometimes also displacing tradition entirely. Zoroastrianism Part of a series on Zoroastrianism The Faravahar, believed to be a depiction of a fravashi Primary topics Ahura Mazda Zarathustra aša (asha) / arta Angels and demons Amesha Spentas · Yazatas Ahuras · Daevas Angra Mainyu Scripture and worship Avesta Gathas · Yasna Vendidad · Visperad Yashts · Khordeh Avesta Ab-Zohr The Ahuna Vairya Invocation Fire Temples Accounts and legends Dēnkard · Bundahišn Book of Arda Viraf Book of Jamasp Story of Sanjan History and culture Zurvanism Calendar · Festivals Marriage Eschatology Adherents Zoroastrians in Iran"

Tags:Achaemenid, Achaemenid Empire, Ahriman, Ahura Mazda, Avesta, Faravahar, Iran, Iranian, Islam, Islamic, Macedon, Persia, Sassanid, Wikipedia, Zarathustra, Zoroaster, Zoroastrians in Iran

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