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Zand Dynasty

Zandian Dynasty

سلسله زندیه ، زندیان

The Zand dynasty, also known as the Zandian or Zandieh dynasty ruled southern and central Iran for 44 years (1750–1794) after the collapse of the Afshar Dynasty.The Zand dynasty was founded by Karim Khan Zand, chief of the Zand tribe which was Lor migrants. He became one of Nader Shah's generals. Nader Shah moved the Zand tribe from their home in Lakestan (Historical residence of Lak peoples north of Lorestan) in to the eastern steppes of Khorasan. The strategic reason behind such forced migrations of Kurdish tribes to northeast regions of the Greater Khorasan was to keep away wandering Turkic bandits.After Nader Shah’s death, some of the Zand tribe, under the guidance of Karimkhan, went back to their original land. After Adel Shah was made king Karimkhan and his soldiers defected from the army and along with Ali Morad Khan Bakhtiari and Abolfath Khan Haft Lang, two other local chiefs, became a major contender but was challenged by several adversaries. Abolfath Khan was the Prime Minister, Karimkhan became the army chief commander and Ali Morad Khan became the regent. Karimkhan declared Shiraz his capital. Karimkhan gained control of central and southern parts of Iran during 16 years of war. In order to add legitimacy to his claim, Karimkhan placed the infant Shah Ismail 3rd, the grandson of the last Safavid king in 1757 on the throne. Ismail was a figurehead king and real power being vested in Karimkhan. Karimkhan chose to be the military commander and Ali Mardan Khan was the civil administrator. Soon after Karimkhan managed to eliminate his partner as well as the puppet king and in 1760, founded the Zand dynasty. He refused to accept the title of the king and instead named himself Vakil ol Raaya (The Advocate of People)By 1760 Karimkhan had defeated all his rivals and controlled all of Iran except Khorasan, in the northeast, which was ruled by Shahrokh. His foreign campaigns against Azad Khan in Azerbaijan and against the Ottoman Empire in Mesopotamia brought Azerbaijan into his control. His brother Sadegh Khan took Basra in 1775 and secured Iranian control over Bahrain and southern islands of the Persian Gulf.But he never stopped his campaigns against his arch enemy, Mohammad Hasan Khan Qajar, the chief of the Ghovanloo Qajars. The latter was finally defeated by Karimkhan and his sons, Agha Mohammad Khan and Hossein Gholi Khan, were brought to Shiraz as hostages.Karimkhan's death in 1779 left his territory vulnerable to threats from his enemies. His son and successor Abolfath Khan was an incompetent ruler who was heavily influenced by his half uncle (and Karimkhan's commander), Zaki Khan. Ot

Tags:Abolfath Khan, Afshar, Agha Mohammad Khan, Ali Mardan Khan, Ali Morad Khan, Azad, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bakhtiari, Basra, Dynasty, Gholi, Gholi Khan, Greater Khorasan, Iran, Iranian, Karim Khan, Karim Khan Zand, Karimkhan, Khan, Khorasan, Kurdish, Lakestan, Lor, Lorestan, Mesopotamia, Morad, Nader Shah, Ottoman, Ottoman Empire, Persian, Persian Gulf, Prime Minister, Qajar, Sadegh Khan, Safavid, Shah, Shah Ismail, Shiraz, Vakil, Zaki Khan, Zand, Zand Dynasty

See All 2 items matching Zand Dynasty in Media Gallery

Muqarnas at the front iwan of the Vakil Mosque in Shiraz.This mosque was built between 1751 and 1773, during the Zand period covering an area of 8,660 square meters.The iwans and court are decorated with typical Shirazi haft rangi tiles,
Bust of Karimkhan Zand, founder of the Zand Dynasty in Shiraz,Also known as the Zandieh dynasty, they ruled southern and central Iran (1750–1794) in the 18th century. Karimkhan was one of Nader Shah's generals but revolted after Adil Shah became king.
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