Turkmenchai Agreement on Feb, 22, 1828
Russians separated many northern provinces from
Iran. This treaty brought an end to the second Russo-
Persian wars 1827-1828.
The treaty was signed on February 21, 1828, by Haj
Allahyar Khan (Asefoddoleh), chancellor of
Fathali Shah from Iran's side, and General Ivan Paskievich representing
As was the case for the
Gulistan Treaty, Iran was forced to sign the treaty by Russia, as it had no other alternative after
Abbas Mirza's defeat. The Russian general had threatened Fathali
Shah to conquer
Tehran in five days unless the treaty was signed. By this treaty:
By Article 4 of the treaty,
Persia renounced all claims over the
Erivan khanate (most of present-day central
Armenia), the Nakhchivan khanate (most of the present-day Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic of
Azerbaijan), the Talysh khanate, the Ordubad and Mughan regions (now also part of Azerbaijan), in addition to all lands annexed by Russia in the Gulistan Treaty.
Aras River is assigned the new borderline between Iran and Russia, from
Ararat Castle to the outlet of the river at
By Article 6 of the treaty, Iran promised to pay Russia 10 korur in gold or 20 million silver rubles (in 1828 currency).
By Article 7 of the treaty, Russia promised to support Abbas Mirza as the heir to the throne of Persia after Fathali Shah died.
By Article 8 of the treaty,
Iranian ships lost full rights to navigate all of the
Caspian Sea and her coasts, henceforth given to Russia.
Capitulation rights for Russians in Iran.
By Article 10, Russia gained the right to send consulate envoys to anywhere in Iran it wishes.
Iran is forced to sign economic treaties with Russia as Russia specifies. Iran was forced to sign economic treaties with Russia as Russia specified.
By Article 13, prisoners of war were exchanged.
Iran officially apologized for breaking its promises made in the Gulistan Treaty.
By Article 15, Fathali Shah promised not to prosecute any
Khanate secessionist movements in the north-western region.
Iran recognized capitulation rights for Russians in Iran.
Iran officially sees this and the preceding Gulistan Treaty as one of Iran's most humiliating treaties ever signed. The treaty is also regarded by Iranians as the main reason why Fathali Shah is seen as one of Iran's most incompetent rulers in memory.