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Teheran, Tahran

تهران ، طهران

Capital of Iran, situated on the southern slopes of the Alborz Mountains. Tehran used to be a suburb of ancient Rhagae (Rey), which was destroyed by the Mongols in 1220. It was made capital in 1785 by Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar.*Tehran, today's capital of Iran, has a legendary history that goes back to Sheat (Adam's son) and 3000 years old tombs in Gheytariyeh testifies a great advanced civilization in this area. Tehran used to be an agricultural area north of the city of Ray. After Mongolian army destroyed Ray, residents moved to other areas such as Tehran. It's believed that the people of Tehran used to live under ground for a long time. The earliest documents referring to the name "Tehran" date back to 10th Century.*During the reign of Shah Tahmasb Safavi (r. 1524-1576) , city walls were built around Tehran with many watch towers. 40 on south, 31 on north, 22 on west, and 21 on the east side totalling 114 as the numbers of soureh (sections) in Quran.*In 1589 when Shah Abbas was on his way to war with Uzbek army falls sick in Tehran and Mashhad was captured by the Uzbeks. Because of his dislike due to bad memories Tehran gets no more attention.*Nader shah Afshar ordered establishing a council of Shiite and Sunni leaders in Tehran in order to discuss & solve differences for unification of Muslims.*Agha Mohamd Khan Qajar (1742-1797) chose Tehran as his capital (Dar-ul-Khelafe).*Shah mosque, Azizollah mosque, Marvi Madrasa (school), Qajar palace, Negarestan Garden and Lalehzar are historical monuments of Fathali Shah era. City walls were extended 7.5 more kilometers and 6 gates were built.*During the reign of Mohammad Shah districts of Abbasabad and Mohammadiye were added and Karaj river to Tehran. Today's Keshavarz Blvd.*Dar-ul-fonoon school, Amir Bazaar and Kaffash (shoemaker) Bazaar were built during Amir Kabir's time Meanwhile Tehran's population is reported around 150,000.*In 1858, Dar-ul-fonoon prepared the first city map of Tehran in 1/1000 scale.*In 1867, city walls were extended to an octagon shape and city gates (darvazeh) became limited to 12. Namely; Shemiran, Dowlat, Yusufabad, Doshantepe, Dolapdareh, Khorasan, Bagheshah, Ghazvin, Gomrok, Abdolazim, Ghar and Khaniabad. The area within new city walls became 7.5 Square Miles.*During 20 years following 1882 moats and gates were gradually destroyed and the city started expanding to a trigonometrically. Tehran university, Railway Station, National Police, Melli Bank, Radio Station and some other buildings such as hospitals and ministries were built.*Until 1914 (End of world war II) a situation of chaos became prominent, followed by an era of a fast

Tags:1882, Abbasabad, Abdolazim, Afshar, Agha Mohammad Khan, Alborz, Amir Kabir, Bagheshah, Bazaar, Capital, Dolapdareh, Dowlat, Fathali Shah, Gheytariyeh, Iran, Karaj, Khan, Khaniabad, Khorasan, Madrasa, Mashhad, Mohammad Shah, Negarestan Garden, Qajar, Quran, Radio, Ray, Rey, Rhagae, Safavi, Shah, Shah Abbas, Shemiran, Shiite, Sunni, Tehran, Uzbek, Yusufabad

See All 384 items matching Tehran in Media Gallery

The new symbol of metropolitan Tehran: Milad Tower reaches out to the clouds. The futuristic structure is visible from almost all parts of the Iranian capital except for smoggy days when it gives more like an apocalyptic impression.
A street musician plays Santour on the Valiasr Street of Tehran. Santour is a very delicate and complicated musical instrument from ancient Iran with 72 strings played using oval-shaped mallets (Mezrabs) providing a range of approximately three octaves.
A pleasant restaurant built on the slopes of Alborz Mountain in Darband, a popular getaway north of Tehran serving a broad range of autentic Iranian cuisine. It's called Garden of Paradise using an original Persian concept of two words with same meanings.
A protester holds up sign that reads Pahlavi Street in Tehran during the Iranian Revolution that toppled the last Iranian monarchy in Feb, 1979. The majority of Iranians have been supporting the Islamic Republic despite shot-comings and ups and downs.
Amoo Norooz ushers in the spring time every year according to Persian tradition and brings children gifts, much like his Western counterpart Santa Claus.The other Norooz mythical characters is Naneh Sarma (Grandma Frost)
A big red fish, one of elements of the Haftseen set has been placed near Tehran's Milad Tower during Nowruz festivities March, 2013. Despite objections from some extremist zealots, Iranians have been keeping the world's oldest registered celebration.

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