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Tajikistan

Tajikestan

تاجیکستان


Turkmenistan_World_Nowruz_Festival_2013.jpg
Country in central Asia (part of the former Soviet Union)brief history : Settled by Persians around 6th century BC, Tajikistan was part of the empires of the Persian Achaemenian dynasty and of Alexander the Great and his successors. In the 7th-8th centuries AD it was conquered by the Arabs, who introduced Islam. The Uzbeks controlled the region in the 15th-18th centuries. In the 1860s the Russian Empire took over much of Tajikistan. In 1924 it became an autonomous republic under the administration of the Uzbek S.S.R., and it gained union republic status in 1929. It achieved independence with the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. Civil war raged through much of the 1990s between government forces and an opposition composed mostly of Islamic militants. A peace agreement was reached in 1997. Republic of Tajikistan Capital (and largest city) Dushanbe38°33′N 68°48′E / 38.55°N 68.8°E / 38.55; 68.8 Official language(s) TajikLanguage for inter-ethnic communication Russian Government Unitary presidential republic - President Emomalii Rahmon - Prime Minister Oqil Oqilov Independence - Establishment of the Samanid Empire 875 AD - Declared September 9, 1991 - Completed December 25, 1991 Area : - Total 143,100 km2 (102nd)55,251 sq mi - Water (%) 1.8 Population - 2009 estimate 7,349,145[4] (97th) - 2000 census 6,127,000 - Density 48.6/km2 (155th)125.8/sq mi GDP (PPP) 2008 estimate - Total $13.062 billion[5] (133rd) - Per capita $2,022[5] (187) GDP (nominal) 2008 estimate - Total $5.135 billion[5] - Per capita $795[5] Gini (2004) 33.59 (medium) HDI (2007) ▲ 0.688[6] (medium) (127th) Currency Somoni (TJS) Time zone TJT (UTC+5) Drives on the right Internet TLD .tj Calling code 992 1 Estimate from State Statistical Committee of Tajikistan, 2008; rank based on UN figures for 2005. Tajikistan is a mountainous landlocked country in Central Asia. Afghanistan borders it to the south, Uzbekistan to the west, Kyrgyzstan to the north, and People's Republic of China to the east. Tajikistan also lies adjacent to Pakistan but is separated by the narrow Wakhan Corridor.Most of Tajikistan's population belongs to the Persian-speaking Tajik ethnic group, who share language, culture and history with Afghanistan and Iran. Once part of the Samanid Empire, Tajikistan became a constituent republic of the Soviet Union in the 20th century, known as the Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic (Tajik SSR). Mountains cover over 90% of this Central Asian republic.After independence, Tajikistan suffered from a devastating civil war which lasted from 1992 to 1997. Since the end of the war, newly established political stability and foreign aid have allowed the country's economy to grow. Trade in commodities such as cotton and aluminium wire has contributed greatly to this steady improvement.-EtymologyTajikistan means the "Land of the Tajiks". Some believe the name Tajik is a geographic reference to the crown (Taj) of the Pamir Kno

Tags:Afghanistan, Alexander the Great, Asia, Capital, China, Emomalii Rahmon, Internet, Iran, Islam, Islamic, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Persian, President, Prime Minister, Russian, Samanid, Soviet, Soviet Union, Tajikistan, Uzbek, Uzbekistan





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Presidents of Iran, Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Pakistan, and Tatarstan attend the fourth World Nowruz Festival Ashgabat, March, 2013 promoting greater regional cooperation in security, trade, and collaboration in energy.
A bust of Ferdowsi created by Afshin Esfandiari in National Museum of Tajikistan. Ferdowsi was a famous Persian poet, creator of Shahnameh (Epic of Kings) which is a narrative the Iranian history since the beginning of time until the fall of the Sassanian
Statue of great Iranian scientist, and philosopher Avicenna (Abuali Sina) in Doshanbeh city of Tajikistan.He was born in a small town near Bukhara and died in Hamedan. He was a polymath, physician and philosopher, astronomer, chemist, geologist, ...
Two lions guarding the Statue of Amir Ismail Samani in the city of Doshanbeh, capital of Tajikistan. Amir Ismail Samani was the founder of the Samanian Dynasty, a vassal of the Abbasid Caliph that ruled over the Greater Khorasan and Vararood
During Nowruz celebrations in Tajikistan, historically part of the Greater Iran the Spring Bride holds the Sabzeh (green grass) an element of Haft-seen setting while riding on a car decorated with flowers.

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