Alphabetic Index : A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Search β):

Tabarestan

طبرستان ، تپورستان


Espahbodan_Dynasty_Espahbod_Farkhan_Silver_Coin_Tabarestan.jpg
Tabarestan is an area approximately covering today's Mazandaran, parts of Golestan and Semnan that fell between the Alborz Mountains and the Caspian Sea. The name Mazandaran has been given to the northern province of Iran since 17th century. Before that, Mazandaran was a semi-legendary area in Shahnameh. (Wikipedia) - Tabaristan   (Redirected from Tabarestan) "Tabarestan" redirects here. For other uses, see Tabarestan (disambiguation).The map of Tabaristan

Tabaristan, also known as Tapuria, was the name of the former historic region in the southern coasts of Caspian Sea roughly in the location of the northern and southern slopes of Elburz range in Iran. The region roughly corresponded to the modern Iranian provinces of Mazandaran, Gilan, Golestan, northern Semnan, and a little part of Turkmenistan.

Contents

Early history History of Tabaristan
Part of a series on
Ancient periods paces
  • Hotu and Kamarband Cave
  • Gomeyshan Cave
  • Gohar Tepe
Ancient period
  • Amard
  • Tapur
  • Derbices
Sasani Houses
  • Gashnasp
  • House of Sukhra
  • House of Ispahbudhan
  • House of Karen
  • House of Mihran
Sasani period
  • Karinids
  • Bavand dynasty
  • Masmughans of Damavand
  • Dabuyids
  • Paduspanids
Shi''a period
  • Alids
  • Asfar ibn Shiruya
  • Ziyarid dynasty
  • Buyid dynasty
  • Afrasiyab dynasty
  • Jalalid dynasty
  • Ismaili state
  • Sarbadars
  • Marashis
  • Mortezayis
  • Ruzafzun
Modern period
  • Association Of Tabaristan
  • Pahlavi dynasty
  • Mazandaran province Of Islamic Republic
  • Tabaristan Portal
  • WikiProject Tabaristan
  • v
  • t
  • e

The Amardians are believed to have been the earliest inhabitants of the region where modern day Mazanderan and Gilan are located. The establishment of the early great kingdom dates back to about the first millennium BCE when the Hyrcanian Kingdom was founded with Sadracarta (somewhere near modern Sari) as its capital. Its extent was so large that for centuries the Caspian Sea was called the Hyrcanian Ocean. The first known dynasty were the Faratatians, who ruled some centuries before Christ. During the rise of the Parthians, many of the Amerdians were forced into exile to the southern slopes of the Elburz mountains known today as Varamin and Garmsar, and the Tabaris (who were then living somewhere between today''s Yaneh Sar to the north and Shahrud to the south) replaced them in the region.

During the indigenous Gushnaspian dynasty many of the people adopted Christianity. In 418 CE the Tapurian calendar (similar to the Armenian and Galeshi) was designed and its use implemented. The Gashnaspians ruled the region until 528 CE, when, after a long period of fighting, the Sasanian King Kavadh I defeated the last Gashnaspian king.

Medieval eraSilver gilt dish of Tapuria, 7th–8th centuries. A tradition initiated under the Sasanians and continued after the Arab invasions. "Anuzhad" inscription in Pahlavi script, next to the reclining figure. British Museum.

When the Sasanian Empire fell, Yazdegerd III ordered Adhar Valash to cede the dominion to spahbed Gil Gavbara in 645 CE, while western and Southern Gilan and other parts of Gil''s domain merged under the name of Tapuria. He then chose Amol as capital of United Tapuria in 647 CE. The dynasty of Gil was known as Gavbareh in Gilan, and as the Dabuyids in eastern Tapuria.

Tabaristan was one of the last parts of Persia to fall to the Muslim Conquest, maintaining resistance until 761 (cf. Khurshid of Tabaristan). Even afterwards, Tabaristan remained virtually independent of the Caliphate.

Farrukhan the Great (the fourth king of the Dabuyids) expanded Tapuria to eastern parts of today''s Turkmenistan and repulsed the Turks around 725 CE.

The area of Tabaristan quickly gained a large Shi''ite element, and by 900, a Zaydi Shi''ite kingdom was established under the Alavids.

While the Dabuyids were in plain regions, the Sokhrayans governed the mountainous regions. Vandad Hormozd ruled the region for about 50 years until 1034 CE. After 1125 CE, (the year Maziar was assassinated by subterfuge) an increase in conversion to Islam was achieved, not by the Arab Caliphs, but by the Imam''s ambassadors.

Mazandaranis and Gilaks were one of the first groups of Iranians to convert directly to Shia Islam.

Modern era

Tapuria remained independent until 1596, when Shah Abbas I, Mazandarani on his mother''s side, incorporated Mazandaran into his Safavid empire, forcing many Armenians, Circassians, Georgians, Kurds and Qajar Turks to settle in Mazandaran. Pietro della Valle, who visited a town near Pirouzcow in Mazandaran, noted that Mazandarani women never wore the veil and didn''t hesitate to talk to foreigners. He also noted the extremely large amount of Circassians and Georgians in the region, and that he had never encountered people with as much civility as the Mazandaranis.

Today, Persia proper, Kirman or Carmania, Mazanderan on the Caspian Sea and many other lands of this empire are all full of Georgian and Circassian inhabitants. Most of them remain Christian to this day, but in a very crude manner, since they have neither priest nor minister to tend them.

—Pietro della Valle

After the Safavid period, the Qajars began to campaign south from Mazandaran with Agha Mohammad Khan who already incorporated Mazandaran into his empire in 1782. On 21 March 1782, Agha Mohammad Shah proclaimed Sari as his imperial capital. Sari was the site of local wars in those years, which led to the transfer of the capital from Sari to Tehran by Fath Ali Shah.

Tags:





See All 2 items matching Tabarestan in Media Gallery

Silver Coin with portrait of Espahbod Farkhan, first ruler of Espahbodan Dynasty mint Tabarestan. He was a grandson of Gil Gilanshah who ruled over Gilan, and Tabarestan after the fall of Sassanian Dynasty and repelled Arab invasion until 761 AD.
West Radkan Tower in Kordkoy / Golestan Started in 1017 and finished in 1021 AD, it's the resting place of one of Tabarestan generals named Abu Jafar Mohammad

See also items containing :Tabarestan

Related History Articles:

Add definition or comments on Tabarestan

Your Name / Alias:
E-mail:
Definition / Comments
neutral points of view
Source / SEO Backlink:
Anti-Spam Check
Enter text above
Upon approval, your definition will be listed under: Tabarestan





Happy Mehregan 1393

Home About us / Contact    Products    Services    Iranian History Today    Top Iran Links    Iranian B2B Web Directory    Historical Glossary
Copyright @ 2004-2013 fouman.com All Rights Iranian