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Syrian Arab Republic, country of southwest Asia on the eastern side of the Mediterranean Sea: Syria has been inhabited for several thousand years. From the 3rd millennium BC, it was under the control variously of Sumerians, Akkadians, Amorites, Egyptians, Hittites, Assyrians, and Babylonians and became part of the Persian Achaemenian Empire in 6th century BC.and fell to Macedonian Alexander in 330 BC. Seleucid rulers governed it until 164 BC when Parthians and Nabataean Arabs divided the region. It flourished as a Roman province (64 BC-AD 300) and as part of the Byzantine Empire (300-634), until Arab Muslims established control. The region was then ruled by several dynasties and came under the Ottoman Empire in 1516 until the British invaded in World War I (1914-18) after which it became a French mandate; Syria achieved independence in 1944. It united with Egypt in the United Arab Republic (1958-61). During the Six-Day War (1967), it lost the Golan Heights to Israel. Syrian troops frequently clashed with Israeli forces in Lebanon during the 1980s and '90s. Hafez al-Assad's long presidency followed by his son Beshar's reign. (Wikipedia) - Syria, officially the Syrian Arab Republic, is a country in Western Asia, bordering Lebanon and the Mediterranean Sea to the West, Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east, Jordan to the south, and Israel to the southwest. The name Syria formerly comprised the entire region of the Levant, while the modern state encompasses the site of several ancient kingdoms and empires, including the Eblan civilization of the third millennium BC. In the Islamic era, its capital city, Damascus, the oldest continuously inhabited city in the world, was the seat of the Umayyad Caliphate and a provincial capital of the Mamluk Sultanate of Egypt. The population of Syria is 72% Sunni Muslim, with a 13% Shia and Alawite Muslim population, 12% Christian and 3% Druze. Some 72% of the population is Muslim, which includes Arabs, Kurds, Circassians, and others, while some 12% are Christians, which includes Arabs, Assyrians/Syriacs, and Armenians. Ethnic minorities include Kurdish, Assyrian/Syriac, Armenian, Turkmen, and Circassian populations. The modern Syrian state was established as a French mandate and attained independence in April 1946, as a parliamentary republic. The post-independence period was tumultuous, and a large number of military coups and coup attempts shook the country in the period 1949u20131970. Syria was under Emergency Law from 1962u20132011, effectively suspending most constitutional protections for citizens, and its system of government is considered non-democratic. Bashar al-Assad

Tags:Arab, Armenian, Asia, Assyrian, Bashar al-Assad, British, Byzantine, Caliphate, Christian, Damascus, Egypt, French, Hafez, Iraq, Islamic, Israel, Israeli, Jordan, Kurdish, Lebanon, Macedonian Alexander, Mamluk, Mediterranean Sea, Muslim, Ottoman, Ottoman Empire, Persian, Roman, Seleucid, Shia, Sunni, Syria, Syrian, Turkey, Umayyad, Wikipedia, World War I

See All 3 items matching Syria in Media Gallery

The head of the Lebanese Shia Islamist movement Hezbollah, Seyyed Hasan Nasrollah, has made a rare public appearance in the Syrian capital, Damascus attending a dinner with Syrian President Bashar Al Assad and Iran's President, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.
A Map shows Iranian traveler Naser Khosrau's 7 years expedition of 19000 km from Marv on March, 6, 1046 visiting cities along the Caspian sea, Mesopotamia, Syria, Egypt and ended his journey after 7 years on Oct, 23, 1052.
Map source of the Euphrates and the Tigris River that flow inside Turkey, Syria and join inside Iraq and finally pouring into the Persian Gulf. Historically, Euphrates used to be the border between Persia and the West.

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