• Login/Register
  • Alphabetic Index : A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

    Search β):

    * Shah Shoja *

    Shah Shuja

    شاه شجاع ، ابوالفوارس جلال الدین شاه شجاع

    Abu'l Fawaris Djamal ad-Din Shah Shuja Born Mar, 10, 1333, son of Mobarezoddin Mohammad, second ruler of the Mozaffarid Dynasty. He ruled in Yazd, then Shiraz 1353) (1335-1364, 1366-1384) Before dying in 1384, he named his son Zeinolabedin his successor and his third brother Emadoddin Ahmad as governor of Kerman. (Wikipedia) - Shah Shujah Durrani   (Redirected from Shah Shoja) Shuja Shah Durrani Reign Coronation Predecessor Successor Wives Full name Dynasty Father Born Died
    Emir of Afghanistan
    An old sketch work showing Shah-Shuja-ul-Mulk
    1803–1809 1839–1842
    July 13, 1803
    Mahmud Shah Durrani
    Dost Mohammad Khan
    Daughter of Fath Khan Tokhi Wafa Begum Daughter of Sayyid Amir Haidar Khan Daughter of Khan Bahadur Khan Malikdin Khel Daughter of Sardar Haji Rahmatu''llah Khan Sardozai Sarwar Begum Bibi Mastan
    Shuja Shah Durrani
    Durrani dynasty
    Timur Shah Durrani
    November 4, 1785
    April 5, 1842
    History of Afghanistan
    Indus valley civilization 2200–1800 BC
    Oxus civilization 2100–1800 BC
    Aryans 1700–700 BC
    Medes 728–550 BC
    Achaemenids 550–330 BC
    Seleucids 330–150 BC
    Mauryans 305–180 BC
    Greco-Bactrians 256–125 BC
    Indo-Greeks 180–130 BC
    Indo-Scythians (Sakas) 155–80? BC
    Indo-Parthians 20 BC – 50? AD
    Kushans 135 BC – 248 AD
    Sasanians 230–651
    Kidarites 320–465
    Hephthalites 410–557
    Kabul Shahi 565–879
    Principality of Chaghaniyan 7th–8th centuries
    Rashidun Caliphate 652–661
    Umayyads 661–750
    Abbasids 750–821
    Tahirids 821–873
    Saffarids 863–900
    Samanids 875–999
    Ghaznavids 963–1187
    Ghurids before 879–1215
    Khwarezmids 1215–1231
    Ilkhanate 1258–1353
    Chagatai Khanate 1225–1370
    Khiljis 1290–1320
    Karts 1245–1381
    Timurids 1370–1506
    Arghuns 1479–1522
    Mughals 1501–1738
    Safavids 1510–1709
    Hotaki Empire 1709–1738
    Durrani Empire 1747–1826
    Emirate of Afghanistan 1826–1919
    Kingdom of Afghanistan 1919–1973
    Republic of Afghanistan 1973–1978
    Democratic Republic of Afghanistan 1978–1992
    Islamic State of Afghanistan 1992–2001
    Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan 1996–2001
    Interim/Transitional Administration 2001–2004
    Islamic Republic of Afghanistan since 2004
    • Book
    • Category
    • Portal
    • v
    • t
    • e

    Shuja Shah Durrani (also known as Shāh Shujāʻ, Shah Shujah, Shoja Shah, Shujah al-Mulk) (c. November 4, 1785 – April 5, 1842) was ruler of the Durrani Empire from 1803 to 1809. He then ruled from 1839 until his death in 1842. Shuja Shah was of the Sadozai line of the Abdali group of Pashtuns. He became the fifth Emir of Afghanistan.



    According to Mountstuart Elphinstone, "The King of Kabul was a handsome man". He also wrote "of an olive complexion with a thick black beard.....his voice clear, his address princely." Shuja wore the Koh-i-Noor diamond in one of his bracelets when Elphinstone visited him. William Fraser, who accompanied Elphinstone was "struck with the dignity of his appearance and the romantic Oriental awe..." Fraser also "judged" him to be "about five feet six inches tall" and his skin colour was "very fair, but dead...his beard was thich jet black and shortened a little by the obliquely upwards, but turned again at the corners....The eyelashes and the edges of his eyelids were blackened with antimony" He also described Shuja''s voice as "loud and sonorous".


    After coming to power in 1803, Shuja ended the "blood feud" with the Barakzais and also forgave them. To create an alliance with them, he married "their sister" Wa''fa Begum.

    Career Depositions, imprisonments and alliances

    Shuja Shah was the governor of Herat and Peshawar from 1798 to 1801. He proclaimed himself as King of Afghanistan in October 1801 (after the deposition of his brother Zaman Shah), but only properly ascended to the throne on July 13, 1803.

    Shuja allied Afghanistan with the United Kingdom in 1809, as a means of defending against a combined invasion of India by Napoleon and Russia.

    On May 3, 1809, he was overthrown by his predecessor Mahmud Shah and went into exile in India, where he was captured by Jahandad Khan Bamizai and imprisoned at Attock (1811–2) and then taken to by Atta Muhammad Khan Kashmir (1812–3). When Mahmud Shah''s vizier Fateh Khan invaded Kashmir alongside Maharaja Ranjit Singh''s army, he chose to leave with the Sikh army. He stayed in Lahore from 1813 to 1814. In return for his freedom, he handed the Koh-i-Nor diamond to Maharaja Ranjit Singh and gained his freedom. He stayed first in Punjab and later in Ludhiana with Shah Zaman. The place where he stayed in Ludhiana is presently occupied by Main Post Office near Mata Rani Chowk and a white marble stone inside the building marking his stay there can be seen.

    In 1833 he struck a deal with Maharaja Ranjit Singh of the Punjab: He was allowed to march his troops through Punjab, and in return he would cede Peshawar to the Sikhs if they could manage to take it. In a concerted campaign the following year, Shuja marched on Kandahar while the Sikhs, commanded by General Hari Singh Nalwa attacked Peshawar. In July, Shuja Shah was narrowly defeated at Kandahar by the Afghans under Dost Mohammad Khan and fled. The Sikhs on their part reclaimed Peshawar.

    In 1838 he had gained the support of the British and the Sikh Maharaja Ranjit Singh for wresting power from Dost Mohammad Khan Barakzai. This triggered the First Anglo-Afghan War (1838–1842). Shuja was restored to the throne by the British on August 7, 1839, almost 30 years after his deposition, but did not remain in power when the British left. He was assassinated by Shuja ud-Daula, on April 5, 1842.

  • ^ Encyclopædia Britannica – Shah Shoja
  • ^ Dalrymple 2012, p. 18.
  • ^ Dalrymple 2012, p. 20.
  • ^ Dalrymple 2012, p. 21.
  • ^ Dalrymple & 2012 p.23.
  • ^ William Dalrymple. Return of a King. Bloomsbury. p. 5. ISBN 9781408818305. 
  • ^ Moon, P. (1989). The British Conquest and Dominion of India, London: Duckworth, ISBN 0-7156-2169-6, p.515
  • ^ Moon, P. (1989). The British Conquest and Dominion of India, London: Duckworth, ISBN 0-7156-2169-6, p.552
  • Tags:Afghan, Afghanistan, British, Caliphate, Dost Mohammad Khan, Dynasty, Emadoddin Ahmad, Greco, Haji, Herat, Hotaki, Ilkhanate, India, Indus, Islamic, Islamic Republic, Kabul, Kandahar, Kashmir, Kerman, Khan, Khanate, Lahore, London, Marriage, Medes, Mobarezoddin Mohammad, Moon, Mozaffarid, Mughals, Napoleon, Oxus, Oxus civilization, Peshawar, Post, Rashidun, Russia, Safavids, Sayyid, Scythians, Shah, Shah Shoja, Shahi, Shiraz, Timeline, Timur, Timurids, United Kingdom, Wikipedia, Yazd

    Related History Articles:

    Add definition or comments on Shah Shoja

    Your Name / Alias:
    Definition / Comments
    neutral points of view
    Source / SEO Backlink:
    Anti-Spam Check
    Enter text above
    Upon approval, your definition will be listed under: Shah Shoja

    Happy Summer Sale

    Home About us / Contact    Products    Services    Iranian History Today    Top Iran Links    Iranian B2B Web Directory    Historical Glossary
    Copyright @ 2004-2016 fouman.com All Rights Iranian