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Shah Ismail

Shah Esmael Safavi

شاه اسماعیل ، شاه اسماعیل ختایی


Tabriz_Rug.jpg
Ismail I (born July 17, 1487, died May 23, 1524, Ardabil)Shah of Iran (1501-1524) and founder of the Safavid Dynasty.His father was Sheikh Heydar and his mother was Alamshah (daughter of Uzun Hasan Ak Koyunlu) Born into a Shiite family with close ties to the Sufi tradition, he became head of a Shiite military force, the Kizilbash, at age 14. He captured Tabriz in 1501 and proclaimed himself shah of Iran, bringing the whole country and portions of modern-day Iraq under his control. In 1510 his troops defeated the Sunni Uzbeks. His proclamation of Shiite faith as the official creed prompted the staunchly Sunnite sultan of the Ottoman Empire to order an invasion of Iran in 1514. Ismail lost the Battle of Chaldoran, but mutiny among the Ottoman troops forced their withdrawal. The conflict between the Safavid and their Sunni neighbors continued for over a century.The consequences of the defeat at Chaldoran were also psychological for Shah Ismail: the defeat destroyed Ismail's belief in his invincibility, based on his claimed divine status. His relationships with his Kizilbash followers were also fundamentally altered. The tribal rivalries between the Kizilbash, which temporarily ceased before the defeat at Chaldoran, resurfaced in intense form immediately after the death of Ismail, and led to ten years of civil war (1524-1533) until Shah Tahmasp regained control of the affairs of the state.

Tags:Ak Koyunlu, Ardabil, Battle of Chaldoran, Chaldoran, Dynasty, Iran, Iraq, Kizilbash, Ottoman, Ottoman Empire, Safavi, Safavid, Safavid Dynasty, Shah, Shah Ismail, Shah Tahmasp, Shah of Iran, Sheikh, Shiite, Sunni, Tabriz, Tahmasp, Uzun Hasan





See All 11 items matching Shah Ismail in Media Gallery

A picturial Tabriz Carpet with images of some Iranian notables such as,Shah Ismail, Anoushirvan, Nader Shah, Shah Abbas, etc. The Tabriz Rug is a famous branch of Persian Carpet produced in the West Azarbaijan Province of Iran.
Safavid king Shah Ismaiil's Helmet sits on his armor.He captured Tabriz in 1501 and proclaimed himself shah of Iran, bringing the whole country and portions of modern-day Iraq under his control and proclaimed Shiite faith as the official creed.
Chehelsotoon Palace of Isfahan: A well preserved Safavid  painting shows the battle of Marv, in 1510 in which Shah Ismail defeated the Uzbek army headed by Sheybak Khan.
Shah Ismail Safavi's Statue in Baku. The Azerbaijan Republic is capitalizing on many of its historical and cultural icons of Iranian origin such as kings, poets, etc thus becoming a top tourist attraction providing many options not available in Iran.
Shah Ismail Safavi's Portrait. Shah Ismail was king of Iran (1501-1524) and founder of the Safavid Dynasty. His father was Sheikh Heydar and his mother was Alamshah (daughter of Uzun Hasan Ak Koyunlu)
Shah Ismail Safavi Statue and Fountain in Baku. Shah Ismail I (born July 17, 1487, died May 23, 1524, Ardabil) was the founder of the Safavid Empire and patron of the Shia sect of Islam. He was a good poet and philosopher of his time.
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