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Semitic

Saami,Sami

سامی


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In linguistics and ethnology, Semitic was first used to refer to a language family of largely Middle Eastern origin, now called the Semitic languages. This family includes the ancient and modern forms of Akkadian, Amharic, Arabic, Aramaic, Ge'ez, Hebrew, Maltese, Phoenician, Tigre and Tigrinya among others. The term Semitic is sometimes used for Jews. Thus the term anti-Semitic simply means anti-Jewish in modern literature. It was coined in 1879 by German journalist Wilhelm Marr in a pamphlet called, "The Victory of Germandom over Jewry". Using ideas of race and nationalism, Marr argued that Jews had become the first major power in the West. He accused them of being liberals, a people without roots who had Judized Germans beyond salvation. In 1879 Marr founded the "League for Anti-Semitism".As language studies are interwoven with cultural studies, the term also came to describe the extended cultures and ethnicities, as well as the history of these varied peoples as associated by close geographic and linguistic distribution.The term Semite means a member of any of various ancient and modern Semitic-speaking peoples originating in southwestern Asia, including; Akkadians (Assyrians and Babylonians), Eblaites, Ugarites, Canaanites, Phoenicians, Hebrews (Israelites, Judeans and Samaritans), Arameans, Chaldeans, Amorites, Moabites, Edomites, Hyksos, Arabs, Nabateans, Maganites, Shebans, Sutu, Maltese, Mandeans and Ethiopian Semites. The word "Semitic" is an adjective derived from Shem (Sam), one of the three sons of Noah in the Bible; the noun form referring to a person is Semite or Sami.The concept of "Semitic" peoples is derived from Biblical accounts of the origins of the cultures known to the ancient Hebrews. Those closest to them in culture and language were generally deemed to be descended from their forefather Shem. Enemies were often said to be descendants of his cursed nephew, Canaan. In Genesis 10:21-31, Shem is described as the father of Aram, Asshur, and Arpachshad: the Biblical ancestors of the Arabs, Aramaeans, Assyrians, Babylonians, Chaldeans, Sabaeans, and Hebrews, etc., all of whose languages are closely related; the language family containing them was therefore named Semitic by linguists. However, the Canaanites and Amorites also spoke a language belonging to this family, and are therefore also termed Semitic in linguistics, despite being described in Genesis as sons of Ham, the other sons of Noah. Shem is also described in Genesis as the father of Elam and Lud (Lydia), although the Elamites and Lydians usually thought to descend from these spoke languages that were not Semitic.The hypothetical Proto-Semitic language, ancestral to historical Semitic languages in the Middle East, is thought to have been originally from the Arabian Peninsula (particularly around Yemen), the Levant, Mesopotamia or even the Ethiopian highlands. But its region of origin is still much debated and uncertain with. The Semitic language family is also considered a component of the larger Afro-asiatic macro-family of languages. Identification of the hypothetical proto-Sem

Tags:Arabic, Aramaic, Asia, Bible, Elam, German, Hebrew, Jewish, Lydia, Mesopotamia, Middle East, Middle Eastern, Noah, Semitic, Wilhelm, Yemen




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