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Sanandaj

سنندج


Sanandaj_Statue_Square_1950.jpg
The city of Sanandaj is the capital of the Kurdistan province, and is 512 km from Tehran, 1,480 m above sea level. The population of Sanandaj is mainly Kurdish, with an Armenian, Assyrian and Jewish minority. Sanandaj is a rather new city and was built less than 400 years ago by the Ardalan principality in 17th century. Soleyman Khan Ardalan the governor of the region constructed the Sine dijh (Sanandaj Castle) during the Shah Safi period (1629-1642). Touristic Attractions:- Dense forests of the region- Hajar Khatoon Mosque- Edifices of Khosro Abad, Salar Saeed Sanandaj (Museum of anthropology and contemporary arts) and Moshir.- The old houses of Moshiri, Vakil, Asef Vaziri and Sadegh Vaziri- Several historical bridges belonging to the Safavid era- Old bazaars of Sanandaj and Asef belonging to the Safavid era (Wikipedia) - Sanandaj For the administrative subdivision, see Sanandaj County. Sanandaj سنندج سنە Country Province County Bakhsh Government  • Mayor Elevation Population (2011)  • Total Time zone  • Summer (DST) Area code(s) Website
City
Seal
Sanandaj
Coordinates: 35°18′52″N 46°59′32″E / 35.31444°N 46.99222°E / 35.31444; 46.99222Coordinates: 35°18′52″N 46°59′32″E / 35.31444°N 46.99222°E / 35.31444; 46.99222
 Iran
Kurdistan
Sanandaj
Central
Kamyab Shadman
1,538 m (5,046 ft)
373,987
IRST (UTC+3:30)
IRDT (UTC+4:30)
087
Sanandaj municipality

Sanandaj  pronunciation (help·info) (Persian: سنندج‎, Kurdish: Sine/ سنە ) is the capital of Kurdish culture and Kurdistan Province at Iran. At the 2011 census, its population was 373,987. Sanandaj is the twenty-third largest city in Iran. Until the 17th century it was only a small village, when the governor of the region, Suleyman Khan Ardalan, built (or renovated) a fortress there, known as "Sena Dezh", which gave the town its Persian name. Some sources date the origin of the fortress to the to the period of Abbasid rule (750–1258).

Contents

Society

The economy of Sanandaj is based upon the production of carpets, processed hides and skins, milled rice, refined sugar, woodworking, cotton weaving, metalware and cutlery.

The population of Sanandaj is mainly Kurdish, but the city does also have an Armenian minority. Until the Iranian revolution, the city had a small Aramaic-speaking Jewish community of about 4,000 people.

Climate

Köppen-Geiger climate classification system classifies it as continental Mediterranean (Dsa). Temperatures in Sanandaj range from -8.2 to 35.1 (Celsius). Rainfall varies from 6.0 to 270.0 (mm/month). The average seasonal temperature in Sanandaj is 15.20 C in spring, 25.20 C in summer, 10.40 C in autumn and 1.60 C in winter. In a study, the maximum absolute temperature was found to be 44 C, the minimum absolute -31 C, and the average annual temperature 13.10 C. The average relative humidity was 69% at 06:30 hours and 38% at 12:30 hours. The average annual rainfall was 497.3 mm and the maximum daily, 61 mm. The average number of frosty days was 111.4; and the maximum number of hours of sunshine over the entire year 2,786.2.

Climate data for Sanandaj Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Average high °C (°F) Average low °C (°F) Precipitation mm (inches) Avg. precipitation days
4.9 (40.8) 6.9 (44.4) 13.1 (55.6) 19.1 (66.4) 25.2 (77.4) 32.3 (90.1) 36.8 (98.2) 36.1 (97) 31.6 (88.9) 23.9 (75) 15.6 (60.1) 8.5 (47.3) 21.2 (70.1)
−6.2 (20.8) −4.8 (23.4) 0.1 (32.2) 4.5 (40.1) 8.2 (46.8) 12.2 (54) 17.1 (62.8) 16.4 (61.5) 10.4 (50.7) 5.8 (42.4) 1.1 (34) −3 (27) 5.2 (41.3)
71.8 (2.827) 67.7 (2.665) 86.9 (3.421) 73.1 (2.878) 42.5 (1.673) 1.8 (0.071) 0.4 (0.016) 0.7 (0.028) 0.8 (0.031) 29.2 (1.15) 57.3 (2.256) 58.4 (2.299) 490.6 (19.315)
12.4 12.0 13.3 12.0 9.0 1.0 0.3 1.0 0.8 5.8 8.2 10.9 86.7
Source: World Meteorological Organisation

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Moharram 1393

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