Section: Dynasty /Tuesday 24th January 2012

Alphabetic Index : A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Search β):

Safavian Dynasty

Safavid Dynasty

سلسله صفویان ، دودمان صفوی


Safavian_Dynasty_Shah_Abbas_2_Hunting.jpg
Safavian Dynasty: (1502-1736) Iranian dynasty founded by Shah Ismail who, by converting his people from Sunni to Shiite Islam and adopting the trappings of Persian monarchy, planted the seeds of a unique national and religious identity. The Safavid were first native dynasty since the Sassanid to establish a unified Iranian state. Safavid history begins with the establishment of the Safaviyeh Sufi Order by its founder Sheikh Safi-addīn Abul Fath Isaaq Ardabili (1252-1334). Sheikh Safiaddin assumed the leadership of the Zahediyeh, a significant Sufi order in Gilan, from his spiritual master Sheikh Zahed Gilani who was also his father-in-law. After Safiaddin, the leadership of the Safaviyeh passed onto Sheikh Sadroddin Musa and then to Sadroddin's his son Khawja Ali, and then to Ibrahim. Sheikh Juneyd, the son of Ibrahim married Ak Koyunlu leader Uzun Hassan Uzun Hasan's sister Khadija Begum. Juneyd's son Sheikh Heydar married Uzun Hasan's daughter who gave birth to Ismail, the founder of the Safavid dynastyIn 1500 Ismail attacked Shirvan to avenge the death of his father, Sheikh Heydar, who had been murdered in 1488 by the ruling Shirvanshah, Farrokh Yasar.. Shah Ismail captured Tabriz from the Ak Koyunlu and became shah of Azerbaijan (1501) and Persia (1502). During the next 10 years, the Safavid ultimately won the struggle for power in all of Persia which had been going on for nearly a century between various dynasties and political forces. Hamadan came under Safavid power in 1503, Shiraz and Kerman in 1504, Najaf and Karbala in 1507, Van in 1508, Baghdad in 1509, and Herat, as well as other parts of Khorasan, in 1510. By 1511, the Uzbeks i were driven far to the north across the Jeyhoon River.Shah Abbas I (r. 1588-1629) brought the dynasty to its peak; his capital, Isfahan, was the centre of Safavid architectural achievement. The Safavid Kings themselves claimed to be Seyyed, family descendants of the prophet Mohammad although some Safavid kings including Shah Safi and Shah Soleyman were born of Georgian mothersThe dynasty declined in the century following Sultan Hossein’s reign, pressed by the Ottoman Empire and the Mughal dynasty, and fell when a weak shah, Ṭahmasp II, was deposed by his general, Nader Shah Afshar.Rulers of Safavid Dynasty: 1. Shah Ismail I 1501-1524 2. Shah Tahmasp I 1524-1576 3. Shah Ismail 2. 1576-1578 4. Sultan Mohammed KhodSafavian Dynasty: (1502-1736) Iranian dynasty founded by Shah Ismail who, by converting his people from Sunni to Shiite Islam and adopting the trappings of Persian monarchy, planted the seeds of a unique national and religious identity. The Safavid were first native dynasty since the Sassanid to establish a unified Iranian state. Safavid history begins with the establishment of the Safaviyeh Sufi Order by its founder Sheikh Safi-addīn Abul Fath Isaaq Ardabili (1252-1334). Sheikh Safiaddin assumed the leadership of the Zahediyeh, a significant Sufi order in Gilan, from his spiritual master Sheikh Zahed Gilani who was also his father-in-law. After Safiaddin, the leadership of the Safaviyeh passed onto Sheikh Sadroddin Musa and then to Sadroddin's his son Khawja Ali, and then to Ibrahim. Sheikh Juneyd, the son of Ibrahim married Ak Koyunlu leader Uzun Hassan Uzun Hasan's sister Khadija Begum. Juneyd's son Sheikh Heydar married Uzun Hasan's daughter who gave birth to Ismail, the founder of the Safavid dynastyIn 1500 Ismail attacked Shirvan to avenge the death of his father, Sheikh Heydar, who had been murdered in 1488 by the ruling Shirvanshah, Farrokh Yasar.. Shah Ismail captured Tabriz from the Ak Koyunlu and became shah of Azerbaijan (1501) and Persia (1502). During the next 10 years, the Safavid ultimately won the struggle for power in all of Persia which had been going on for nearly a century between various dynasties and political forces. Hamadan came under Safavid power in 1503, Shiraz and Kerman in 1504, Najaf and Karbala in 1507, Van in 1508, Baghdad in 1509, and Herat, as well as other parts of Khorasan, in 1510. By 1511, the Uzbeks i were driven far to the north across the Jeyhoon River.Shah Abbas I (r. 1588-1629) brought the dynasty to its peak; his capital, Isfahan, was the centre of Safavid architectural achievement. The Safavid Kings themselves claimed to be Seyyed, family descendants of the prophet Mohammad although some Safavid kings including Shah Safi and Shah Soleyman were born of Georgian mothersThe dynasty declined in the century following Sultan Hossein’s reign, pressed by the Ottoman Empire and the Mughal dynasty, and fell when a weak shah, Ṭahmasp II, was deposed by his general, Nader Shah Afshar.Rulers of Safavid Dynasty: 1. Shah Ismail I 1501-1524 2. Shah Tahmasp I 1524-1576 3. Shah Ismail 2. 1576-1578 4. Sultan Mohammed KhodaDynasty: (1502-1736) Iranian dynasty founded by Shah Ismail who, by converting his people from Sunni to Shiite Islam and adopting the trappings of Persian monarchy, planted the seeds of a unique national and religious identity. The Safavid were first native dynasty since the Sassanid to establish a unified Iranian state. Safavid history begins with the establishment of the Safaviyeh Sufi Order by its founder Sheikh Safi-addīn Abul Fath Isaaq Ardabili (1252-1334). Sheikh Safiaddin assumed the leadership of the Zahediyeh, a significant Sufi order in Gilan, from his spiritual master Sheikh Zahed Gilani who was also his father-in-law. After Safiaddin, the leadership of the Safaviyeh passed onto Sheikh Sadroddin Musa and then to Sadroddin's his son Khawja Ali, and then to Ibrahim. Sheikh Juneyd, the son of Ibrahim married Ak Koyunlu leader Uzun Hassan Uzun Hasan's sister Khadija Begum. Juneyd's son Sheikh Heydar married Uzun Hasan's daughter who gave birth to Ismail, the founder of the Safavid dynastyIn 1500 Ismail attacked Shirvan to avenge the death of his father, Sheikh Heydar, who had been murdered in 1488 by the ruling Shirvanshah, Farrokh Yasar.. Shah Ismail captured Tabriz from the Ak Koyunlu and became shah of Azerbaijan (1501) and Persia (1502). During the next 10 years, the Safavid ultimately won the struggle for power in all of Persia which had been going on for nearly a century between various dynasties and political forces. Hamadan came under Safavid power in 1503, Shiraz and Kerman in 1504, Najaf and Karbala in 1507, Van in 1508, Baghdad in 1509, and Herat, as well as other parts of Khorasan, in 1510. By 1511, the Uzbeks i were driven far to the north across the Jeyhoon River.Shah Abbas I (r. 1588-1629) brought the dynasty to its peak; his capital, Isfahan, was the centre of Safavid architectural achievement. The Safavid Kings themselves claimed to be Seyyed, family descendants of the prophet Mohammad although some Safavid kings including Shah Safi and Shah Soleyman were born of Georgian mothersThe dynasty declined in the century following Sultan Hossein’s reign, pressed by the Ottoman Empire and the Mughal dynasty, and fell when a weak shah, Ṭahmasp II, was deposed by his general, Nader Shah Afshar.Rulers of Safavid Dynasty: 1. Shah Ismail I 1501-1524 2. Shah Tahmasp I 1524-1576 3. Shah Ismail 2. 1576-1578 4. Sultan Mohammed Khodabandeh

Tags:Afshar, Ak Koyunlu, Ardabili, Azerbaijan, Baghdad, Dynasty, Gilan, Hamadan, Herat, Iranian, Isfahan, Islam, Jeyhoon, Karbala, Kerman, Khorasan, Mughal, Musa, Nader Shah, Najaf, Ottoman, Ottoman Empire, Persia, Persian, Safavian, Safavian Dynasty, Safavid, Safavid Dynasty, Safi, Sassanid, Seyyed, Shah, Shah Abbas, Shah Ismail, Shah Safi, Shah Tahmasp, Sheikh, Sheikh Safi, Sheikh Zahed Gilani, Shiite, Shiraz, Shirvan, Sultan, Sultan Hossein, Sunni, Tabriz, Tahmasp, Uzun Hasan, Zahed Gilani





See All 28 items matching Safavian Dynasty in Media Gallery

A portrait of a figure presumed to be Shah Abbas 2 of Safavian Dynasty hunting with an eagle.He personally marched from Isfahan with an army of 40,000 and liberated Kandahar on February 22nd 1649.
Safavid king Shah Abbas 1st in a Book 	by Dominicus Custos, Atrium heroicum, Augsburg 1600-1602. Shah Abbas The Great  (January 27, 1571 – January 19, 1629) was generally considered the greatest ruler of the Safavid dynasty.
Safavid king Shah Ismaiil's Helmet sits on his armor.He captured Tabriz in 1501 and proclaimed himself shah of Iran, bringing the whole country and portions of modern-day Iraq under his control and proclaimed Shiite faith as the official creed.
A cow shaped Gorz (Mace) belonging to the Safavid king Shah tahmasp.Gorz was an ancient weapon in Iran which consisted of a heavy top, usually an Iron ball with sharp extensions that used to be mounted on a shaft or tied to a chain.
Safavid king Shah Abbas sent Ambassadors Europe who visited Russia, Norway, Germany, and Italy. Fresco in the Doge's Palace in Venice depicting Doge Mariano Grimani receiving the Persian Ambassadors, 1599.
A fine page of Shahnameh of Ferdowsi dedicated to Shah Tahmasp, the second king of the Safavid Dynasty. It's the result of artwork by best artists of the time starting 2 years before Shah Ismail's death and finished by his son.
Related History Articles:

Add definition or comments on Safavian Dynasty

Your Name / Alias:
E-mail:
Definition / Comments
neutral points of view
Source / SEO Backlink:
Anti-Spam Check
Enter text above
Upon approval, your definition will be listed under: Safavian Dynasty





Happy Shahrivargan 1393

Home About us / Contact    Products    Services    Iranian History Today    Top Iran Links    Iranian B2B Web Directory    Historical Glossary
Copyright @ 2004-2013 fouman.com All Rights Iranian