Alphabetic Index : A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Search β):

Sadeh

Jashn-e Sadeh

جشن سده


Iran_Microsoft_Flame_Update_2012_Fire_Woman_Dance.jpg
Sadeh is one of ancient Iranian Festivities. Jashn-e Sadeh is the winter celebration taking place 50 days before Norooz (Bahman 10th, or January 30th).Sadeh in Persian means "hundred" and refers to one hundred days and nights past the end of summer (or the beginning of long-winter known to start at the end of summer in ancient Iran). Sadeh is a mid-winter festival that was celebrated with grandeur and magnificence in ancient Iran. It was a festivity to honor fire and to defeat the forces of darkness, frost, and cold.Legends have it that King Houshang, the 2nd king of the mythological Pishdadian/Kiani Dynasty, established the Sadeh tradition. It is said that once Houshang was climbing a mountain when all of a sudden he saw a snake and wanted to hit it with a stone. When he threw the stone, it fell on another stone and since they were both flint stones, fire broke out and the snake escaped. This way he discovered how to light a fire. Houshang cheered up and praised God who revealed to him the secret of lighting a fire. Then he announced: "This is a light from God. So we must admire it."According to religious beliefs, Sadeh recalls the importance of light, fire and energy; light which comes from God is found in the hearts of his creatures.During ancient times, Sadeh was celebrated by lighting fire. For Zoroastrians the chief preparation for Sadeh was and still in some parts is the gathering of wood the day before the festival. Teenage boys accompanied by a few adult males would go to local mountains in order to gather camel thorns, a common desert shrub in Iran. For most, this is the first time they are away from their families. The occasion resembles a ritual of passage to adulthood, a notable step for the boys on the way to manhood. The boys would take the camel thorns to the temples in their cities; and if it were their first time doing this, on their return, a celebration was held at home with the presence of friends and families.During ancient times, the fires were always set near water and the temples (see also: Fire temple). The fire originally meant to assist the revival of sun and bring back the warmth and light of summer. It was also meant to drive off the demons of frost and cold, which turned water to ice, and thus could kill the roots of plants.The fire was kept burning all night. The day after, women would go to the fire in the morning, each taking a small portion of the fire back to their homes to make new glowing fire from the "blessed fire" of the temple. This is to spread the blessing of the Sadeh fire to every household in the neighborhood. Whatever is left from the fire would be taken back to the shrine to be placed in one container and kept at the temple until the next year. This way the fire is kept burning all year round. The "eternal fire" also symbolizes the love of homeland which is always alive like a fervent fire in the people's hearts.The festivities would normally go on for three days. The evenings are spent eating and giving out foods as donations, food that is prepared from lamb and is distributed among the poor people.The most elaborate report of the celebration of Sadeh after the dominations of Muslims over Iran comes from the 10th century AD during the reign of Mardaviz of Ziyarid dynasty, the ruler of Isfahan. Ziyarid dynasty did their best to keep the Persian traditions alive. Bonfires were set up on both sides of the Zayanderood River to remember the Sadeh custom. The fires we

Tags:Bahman, Dynasty, Houshang, Iran, Iranian, Iranian Festivities, Isfahan, Kiani, Mardaviz, Norooz, Persian, Pishdadian, Sadeh, Zayanderood





See All 3 items matching Sadeh in Media Gallery

Ancient Iranian Fiore Festivals such as Charshanbeh Souri or Sadeh required making a big fire and dancing around it. Molavi the Iranian peot says: Love is like flames here, and wisdom is smoke. When love comes wisdom is gone!
Legandary Kiani/Pishdadian King Houshang established the Sadeh tradition. He threw a rock at a snake, it hit another rock causing a spark, fire broke out and the snake escaped. Houshang blessed the fire as a light from God for which we must be thankful.
Every year Zoroastrian community celebrates Sadeh in Tehran Fire Temple.The most elaborate report of the celebration of Sadeh after the dominations of Muslims over Iran comes from the 10th century AD during the reign of Mardaviz of Ziyarid dynasty.
Related History Articles:

Add definition or comments on Sadeh

Your Name / Alias:
E-mail:
Definition / Comments
neutral points of view
Source / SEO Backlink:
Anti-Spam Check
Enter text above
Upon approval, your definition will be listed under: Sadeh





Happy Teergan 1393

Home About us / Contact    Products    Services    Iranian History Today    Top Iran Links    Iranian B2B Web Directory    Historical Glossary
Copyright @ 2004-2013 fouman.com All Rights Iranian