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SAVAK

ساواک ، سازمان اطلاعات و امنیت کشور


Tehran_SAVAK_Prison_Beheshti.jpg
Shah's notorious secret service that was dissolved after the 1979 revolution (Wikipedia) - SAVAK was the secret police, domestic security and intelligence service established by Iran's Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi by recommendation of the government of the United Kingdom and with the help of the United States' Central Intelligence Agency. SAVAK operated from 1957 to 1979, when the Pahlavi dynasty was overthrown. SAVAK has been described as Iran's "most hated and feared institution" prior to the revolution of 1979 because of its practice of torturing and executing opponents of the Pahlavi regime. At its peak, the organization had as many as 60,000 agents serving in its ranks according to one source, although Gholam Reza Afkhami, whose work on the Shah has been described as a "sympathetic biography", estimates SAVAK staffing at between 4,000 and 6,000. SAVAK Sazeman-e Ettela'at va Amniyat-e Keshvar SAVAK Agency overview Formed 1957 Preceding Agency name unknown Dissolved 1979 Superseding agency VEVAK Headquarters Tehran, Iran Employees 60,000 at peak Minister responsible Intelligence Agency executives Teymur Bakhtiar, (First) Nasser Moghadam, (Last) SAVAK (Persian: ساواک, short for سازِمانِ اطلاعات وَ امنیَتِ کِشوَر Sāzemān-e Ettelā'āt va Amniyat-e Keshvar, Organisation of Intelligence and National Security) was the secret police, domestic security and intelligence service established by Iran's Mohammad Reza Shah with the help of the United States' Central Intelligence Agency (the CIA). SAVAK operated from 1957 to 1979, when the Pahlavi dynasty was overthrown. SAVAK has been described as Iran's "most hated and feared institution" prior to the revolution of 1979 because of its practice of torturing and executing opponents of the Pahlavi regime. At its peak, the organization had as many as 60,000 agents serving in its ranks according to one source, although Gholam Reza Afkhami, whose work on the Shah has been described as a "sympathetic biography", estimates SAVAK staffing at between 4,000 and 6,000. Contents 1 History 1.1 1957-1970 1.2 Siahkal attack and after 2 Operations 3 Victims 4 Fardoust and security and intelligence after the revolution 5 See also 6 References 7 External links History 1957-1970 After removing the populist regime of Mohammad Mosaddeq (which was originally focused on nationalizing Iran's oil industry but also set out to weaken the Shah's power) from power on 19 August 1953, in a coup, the monarch, Mohammad Reza Shah, established an intelligence service with police powers. The Shah's goal was to strengthen his regime by placing political opponents under surveillance and repress dissident movements. According to Encyclopædia Iranica:A U.S. Army colonel working for the CIA was sent to Persia in September 1953 to work with General Teymur Bakhtiar, who was appointed military governor of Tehran in December 1953 and immediately began to assemble the nucleus of a new intelligence organization. The U.

Tags:Bakhtiar, CIA, Central Intelligence Agency, Iran, Mohammad Reza Shah, Pahlavi, Persia, Persian, Reza Pahlavi, Reza Shah, SAVAK, Shah, Siahkal, Tehran, Teymur Bakhtiar, United Kingdom, United States, Wikipedia





See All 6 items matching SAVAK in Media Gallery

A photo from Dr. Beheshti (Seyed Mohammad Hosseini) in SAVAK files during his time in Tehran Prison
Parviz Sabeti, head of notorious Savak in Tehran at a press conference in 1976. He was born in Semnan and first started working for Savak as a political analyst in 1959. Sabeti is now active in politics living in the US.
Dr. Ali Shariati, one of the masterminds of the Sharia government was a prisoner at the Pahlavi's notorious SAVAK Prison.
Pahlavi regime's Savak files : Political prisoner Khosrau Golesorkhi March, 28, 1973. Atrocities that a regime does to its own citizens remains as a stain on its forehead forever.
Iranian general Hassan Pakravan born in Tehran on August 4, 1911, he was the second head of the notorious SAVAK and naturally among the first of the Shah's officials to be executed after the Iranian Revolution in 1979.
A file photo from Ali Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani in Savak prison. Rafsanjani became a prominent revolutionary figure after the Islamic Revolution of 1979 and he survived in the high ranks of IRI.
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