Mohammad Ali Rajayi,Rejaie,Rajayee
رجایی ، محمد علی رجایی
Rajayi was born on 15 June 1933 in
Iran. His father, Abdolsamad, died when Mohammad-Ali was only 4 years old, after which he lived with his mother and brother. Rajayi grew up in Qazvin, and moved to
Tehran in 1946. After moving to Tehran, he had a close relationship with the anti-
Shah groups. He met with
Mahmoud Taleghani. In 1958, He moved to the city of
Bijar for a short period, but after a year, he moved back to Tehran and graduated as a teacher and worked at a school for a while until he was arrested in 1959 for close ties with
Fadayian Eslam. He was released after 50 days in custody. He then joined the
Freedom Movement and was arrested in May 1974 for his membership in
MKO, but he was released after four years.
He was active during the
Iranian Revolution leading a trend to free
Iranian universities of western influences which was later called the
After the Iranian Revolution, he became Minister of Education in the government of
Mehdi Bazargan, and although
Bazargan's Cabinet resigned in 6 November 1979, Rajayi did not resign and remained a minister until 12 August 1980, when he became
Prime Minister. When Bani
Sadr became the president of Iran in the first presidential election, he had to nominate a new Prime Minister, and after 5 months, he nominated Rajayi for the position, and parliament voted him in. He appointed Khodapanahi as Foreign Minister, Mohammad-Reza
Mahdavi Kani as Interior Minister and Javad Fakori as Defence Minister. During his premiership, Iran-
Iraq War was started. After dismissal of
Banisadr, Rajayi became the second president of Iran on August, 2 1981.
Banisadr had impeached on 22 June 1981 by parliament, and
Khomeini held a Provisional Presidential Council by 6 people headed by Mohammad
Beheshti and later Abdolkarim
Mousavi Ardebili. Rajayi was one of the members of that Council. He nominated himself for the presidential election in 1981. He became the second president and the first president from the
Islamic Republican Party winning 91% of the votes. He named
Mohammad-Javad Bahonar as his Prime Minister to form a new government.
Rajayi made it to the headlines by showing signs of torture on his bare feet at the UN
General Assembly in
After one month as President, on August, 30 1981, Mr. Rajayi hosted a meeting of Iran's Supreme Defense Council, along with the Prime Minister Mohammad Javad
Bahonar. A trusted aide brought a briefcase into the conference room, set it between the two leaders, and then left. Another person opened the case, triggering a bomb that set the room ablaze and killed Rajayi, Bahonar, and three others. The assassin was identified as Masood Kashmiri, an operative of the MKO, who had infiltrated the Prime Minister's office as a security official.
Rajayi was buried in
After his death Mr.
Khamenei became President.