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Persian Iraq

عراق العجم


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(Wikipedia) - Persian Iraq An 1814 map of Persia, depicting the large western province of Irak (Persian Iraq), bordered on the west by Irak Arabi (Arabic Iraq) – under Georgian Mamluk rule at the time, and Kourdistan – under direct Ottoman rule at the time.

Persian Iraq (Persian: عراق عجم‎; Arabic: عراق العجم‎), also spelled Persian Irak, is a historical term for the central-western region of Iran, including cities such as Isfahan, Ray, Qazvin, and Kashan. From the 11th to 19th centuries, the name Iraq referred to two neighbouring regions: Arabic Iraq (ʿIrāq-i ʿArab) and Persian Iraq (ʿIrāq-i ʿAjam). Arabic Iraq corresponded with ancient Babylonia (now central-southern Iraq), while Persian Iraq corresponded with ancient Media (now central-western Iran). The two regions were separated by the Zagros Mountains.

Later, until the beginning of the 20th century, the term Iraq in Iran was used to refer to a much smaller region south of Saveh and west of Qom. This region was centered by Sultanabad, which was renamed later as Arāk.

Tags:Arabic, Babylonia, Iran, Iraq, Isfahan, Kashan, Mamluk, Media, Ottoman, Persia, Persian, Qazvin, Qom, Ray, Saveh, Sultanabad, Wikipedia, Zagros




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