Alphabetic Index : A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Search β):

Naseroddin Shah

Nasseroddin Shah, Naseroldin Shah,Naser al-Din Shah Qajar

ناصرالدین شاه ، سلطان صاحبقران، شاه شهید


Qajar_Naseroddin_Shah_Stamp.jpg
Naseroddin Shah (July, 17, 1831 - Apr, 30, 1896), was the 4th Qajar king that reigned for almost 50 years, the longest period among all Qajar kings.AKA Nasser al-Din Shah Qajar was the King of Iran from September 17, 1848 to May 1, 1896 when he was assassinated. He was the son of Mohammad Shah Qajar and the third longest reigning monarch king in Iranian history after Shapour 2nd of the Sassanid Dynasty and Tahmasp 1st of the Safavid Dynasty. He had sovereign power for close to 50 years and was also the first Persian monarch to ever write and publish his diaries.He was in Tabriz when he heard of his father's death in 1848, and he ascended to the Peacock Throne with the help of Amirkabir.Though Naseroddin had early reformist tendencies, he was dictatorial in his style of government. Unprovoked, he persecuted small numbers of Bahais, thinking they were heretics. Under his sanction, as many as two thousand Bahais (often armed) including a few women and children, were brutally murdered. This persecution increased when a Bahai, seeking revenge for the death of the Bab, attempted to assassinate him in 1852. This treatment continued under his Prime Minister Amirkabir, who even ordered the execution of The Bab - regarded as a Manifestation of God to Bahais, and to historians as the founder of the Bahai religion.Unable to regain territory lost to Russia in the early 19th century, Naseroddin sought compensation by seizing Herat, Afghanistan, in 1856. Great Britain regarded the move as a threat to British India and declared war on Iran, forcing the return of Herat as well as Iranian recognition of the kingdom of Afghanistan. He was the first modern Iranian monarch to visit Europe in 1873 and then again in 1878 (when he saw a Royal Navy Fleet Review), and finally in 1889 and was reportedly amazed with the technology he saw there. During his visit to the United Kingdom in 1873, Naseroddin Shah was appointed by Queen Victoria a Knight of the Order of the Garter, the highest English order of chivalry. He was the first Iranian monarch to be so honored. Of course this was a publicity to cover his failures. During his visit, Naseroddin met with British Jewish leaders, including Sir Moses Montefiore. At that time, the Persian king suggested that the Jews buy land and establish a state for the Jewish people. His travel diary of his 1873 trip has been published in several languages as Persian, German, French and Dutch.In 1890 he met British Gerald Talbot and signed a contract with him giving him the ownership of Iranian Tobacco Industry, but he later was forced to cancel the contract after Ayatollah Mirza Hassan Shirazi issued a Fatwa that made farming, trading and consuming tobacco as Haram (forbidden). It even affected the Shah's personal life as his wives did not allow him to smShah (July, 17, 1831 - Apr, 30, 1896), was the 4th Qajar king that reigned for almost 50 years, the longest period among all Qajar kings.AKA Nasser al-Din Shah Qajar was the King of Iran from September 17, 1848 to May 1, 1896 when he was assassinated. He was the son of Mohammad Shah Qajar and the third longest reigning monarch king in Iranian history after Shapour 2nd of the Sassanid Dynasty and Tahmasp 1st of the Safavid Dynasty. He had sovereign power for close to 50 years and was also the first Persian monarch to ever write and publish his diaries.He was in Tabriz when he heard of his father's death in 1848, and he ascended to the Peacock Throne with the help of Amirkabir.Though Naseroddin had early reformist tendencies, he was dictatorial in his style of government. Unprovoked, he persecuted small numbers of Bahais, thinking they were heretics. Under his sanction, as many as two thousand Bahais (often armed) including a few women and children, were brutally murdered. This persecution increased when a Bahai, seeking revenge for the death of the Bab, attempted to assassinate him in 1852. This treatment continued under his Prime Minister Amirkabir, who even ordered the execution of The Bab - regarded as a Manifestation of God to Bahais, and to historians as the founder of the Bahai religion.Unable to regain territory lost to Russia in the early 19th century, Naseroddin sought compensation by seizing Herat, Afghanistan, in 1856. Great Britain regarded the move as a threat to British India and declared war on Iran, forcing the return of Herat as well as Iranian recognition of the kingdom of Afghanistan. He was the first modern Iranian monarch to visit Europe in 1873 and then again in 1878 (when he saw a Royal Navy Fleet Review), and finally in 1889 and was reportedly amazed with the technology he saw there. During his visit to the United Kingdom in 1873, Naseroddin Shah was appointed by Queen Victoria a Knight of the Order of the Garter, the highest English order of chivalry. He was the first Iranian monarch to be so honored. Of course this was a publicity to cover his failures. During his visit, Naseroddin met with British Jewish leaders, including Sir Moses Montefiore. At that time, the Persian king suggested that the Jews buy land and establish a state for the Jewish people. His travel diary of his 1873 trip has been published in several languages as Persian, German, French and Dutch.In 1890 he met British Gerald Talbot and signed a contract with him giving him the ownership of Iranian Tobacco Industry, but he later was forced to cancel the contract after Ayatollah Mirza Hassan Shirazi issued a Fatwa that made farming, trading and consuming tobacco as Haram (forbidden). It even affected the Shah's personal life as his wives did not allow him to smoke.

Tags:Afghanistan, Amirkabir, Ayatollah, Bab, Bahai, Britain, British, Dutch, Dynasty, Fatwa, French, Garter, German, Herat, India, Iran, Iranian, Jewish, Mirza, Mohammad Shah, Naseroddin Shah, Peacock Throne, Persian, Prime Minister, Qajar, Russia, Safavid, Safavid Dynasty, Sassanid, Sassanid Dynasty, Shah, Shapour, Tabriz, Tahmasp, Talbot, United Kingdom





See All 27 items matching Naseroddin Shah in Media Gallery

A Qajar postal Stamp with photo of Naseroddin Shah from 1882. Face value is 1 Toman or 10 Francs of Post Persane (Persian). On the 29th October 1851, a senior employee by the name of Shafi Khan was appointed by the prime minister as the first postmaster.
A Portrait painting of the Qajar King Naseroddin Shah, a dictator who reigned in Iran for half a centuray despite being one of the most inept and corrupt rulers of all times. Until he was assassinated by Mirza Reza Kermani on May,1 1896.
Qajar king Naseroddin Shah in Uniform in his 50s.Naseroddin Shah liked photography and was photographed hundreds of times. He granted a series of concessionary rights to foreigners in return for large payments that went into his own pockets.
Qajar Naseroddin Shah in Britain sitting between Princessed of Wales and Russia at a concert in Robert Hall. Shah's European trips to indulge his lust cost the nation alot as he ran out of money and gave away concessions to borrow money.
Statue of the Qajar despot Naseroddin Shah riding a horse in the middle of Bagheshah (King Garden) in Tehran. Long time emblem of the Iranian Imperial government Lion & Sun is visible on the base of the statue whose faith is unclear.
A Qajar era post card with the photo of a beautiful Armenian Girl on it from Jolfa-Isfahan. The stamp carries Naseroddin Shah's photo dated 1896.Jolfa is the Armenian quarter of Isfahan, Iran, located along the south bank of the river Zayandeh Rood.

See also items containing :Naseroddin Shah

Related History Articles:

Add definition or comments on Naseroddin Shah

Your Name / Alias:
E-mail:
Definition / Comments
neutral points of view
Source / SEO Backlink:
Anti-Spam Check
Enter text above
Upon approval, your definition will be listed under: Naseroddin Shah





Moharram 1393

Home About us / Contact    Products    Services    Iranian History Today    Top Iran Links    Iranian B2B Web Directory    Historical Glossary
Copyright @ 2004-2013 fouman.com All Rights Iranian