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Nasseroddin Shah, Naseroldin Shah,Naser al-Din Shah Qajar

ناصرالدین شاه ، سلطان صاحبقران، شاه شهید


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Naseroddin Shah (July, 17, 1831 - Apr, 30, 1896), was the 4th Qajar king that reigned for almost 50 years, the longest period among all Qajar kings.AKA Nasser al-Din Shah Qajar was the King of Iran from September 17, 1848 to May 1, 1896 when he was assassinated. He was the son of Mohammad Shah Qajar and the third longest reigning monarch king in Iranian history after Shapour 2nd of the Sassanid Dynasty and Tahmasp 1st of the Safavid Dynasty. He had sovereign power for close to 50 years and was also the first Persian monarch to ever write and publish his diaries.He was in Tabriz when he heard of his father's death in 1848, and he ascended to the Peacock Throne with the help of Amirkabir.Though Naseroddin had early reformist tendencies, he was dictatorial in his style of government. Unprovoked, he persecuted small numbers of Bahais, thinking they were heretics. Under his sanction, as many as two thousand Bahais (often armed) including a few women and children, were brutally murdered. This persecution increased when a Bahai, seeking revenge for the death of the Bab, attempted to assassinate him in 1852. This treatment continued under his Prime Minister Amirkabir, who even ordered the execution of The Bab - regarded as a Manifestation of God to Bahais, and to historians as the founder of the Bahai religion.Unable to regain territory lost to Russia in the early 19th century, Naseroddin sought compensation by seizing Herat, Afghanistan, in 1856. Great Britain regarded the move as a threat to British India and declared war on Iran, forcing the return of Herat as well as Iranian recognition of the kingdom of Afghanistan. He was the first modern Iranian monarch to visit Europe in 1873 and then again in 1878 (when he saw a Royal Navy Fleet Review), and finally in 1889 and was reportedly amazed with the technology he saw there. During his visit to the United Kingdom in 1873, Naseroddin Shah was appointed by Queen Victoria a Knight of the Order of the Garter, the highest English order of chivalry. He was the first Iranian monarch to be so honored. Of course this was a publicity to cover his failures. During his visit, Naseroddin met with British Jewish leaders, including Sir Moses Montefiore. At that time, the Persian king suggested that the Jews buy land and establish a state for the Jewish people. His travel diary of his 1873 trip has been published in several languages as Persian, German, French and Dutch.In 1890 he met British Gerald Talbot and signed a contract with him giving him the ownership of Iranian Tobacco Industry, but he later was forced to cancel the contract after Ayatollah Mirza Hassan Shirazi issued a Fatwa that made farming, trading and consuming tobacco as Haram (forbidden). It even affected the Shah's personal life as his wives did not allow him to smShah (July, 17, 1831 - Apr, 30, 1896), was the 4th Qajar king that reigned for almost 50 years, the longest period among all Qajar kings.AKA Nasser al-Din Shah Qajar was the King of Iran from September 17, 1848 to May 1, 1896 when he was assassinated. He was the son of Mohammad Shah Qajar and the third longest reigning monarch king in Iranian history after Shapour 2nd of the Sassanid Dynasty and Tahmasp 1st of the Safavid Dynasty. He had sovereign power for close to 50 years and was also the first Persian monarch to ever write and publish his diaries.He was in Tabriz when he heard of his father's death in 1848, and he ascended to the Peacock Throne with the help of Amirkabir.Though Naseroddin had early reformist tendencies, he was dictatorial in his style of government. Unprovoked, he persecuted small numbers of Bahais, thinking they were heretics. Under his sanction, as many as two thousand Bahais (often armed) including a few women and children, were brutally murdered. This persecution increased when a Bahai, seeking revenge for the death of the Bab, attempted to assassinate him in 1852. This treatment continued under his Prime Minister Amirkabir, who even ordered the execution of The Bab - regarded as a Manifestation of God to Bahais, and to historians as the founder of the Bahai religion.Unable to regain territory lost to Russia in the early 19th century, Naseroddin sought compensation by seizing Herat, Afghanistan, in 1856. Great Britain regarded the move as a threat to British India and declared war on Iran, forcing the return of Herat as well as Iranian recognition of the kingdom of Afghanistan. He was the first modern Iranian monarch to visit Europe in 1873 and then again in 1878 (when he saw a Royal Navy Fleet Review), and finally in 1889 and was reportedly amazed with the technology he saw there. During his visit to the United Kingdom in 1873, Naseroddin Shah was appointed by Queen Victoria a Knight of the Order of the Garter, the highest English order of chivalry. He was the first Iranian monarch to be so honored. Of course this was a publicity to cover his failures. During his visit, Naseroddin met with British Jewish leaders, including Sir Moses Montefiore. At that time, the Persian king suggested that the Jews buy land and establish a state for the Jewish people. His travel diary of his 1873 trip has been published in several languages as Persian, German, French and Dutch.In 1890 he met British Gerald Talbot and signed a contract with him giving him the ownership of Iranian Tobacco Industry, but he later was forced to cancel the contract after Ayatollah Mirza Hassan Shirazi issued a Fatwa that made farming, trading and consuming tobacco as Haram (forbidden). It even affected the Shah's personal life as his wives did not allow him to smoke.

Tags:Afghanistan, Amirkabir, Ayatollah, Bab, Bahai, Britain, British, Dutch, Dynasty, Fatwa, French, Garter, German, Herat, India, Iran, Iranian, Jewish, Mirza, Mohammad Shah, Naseroddin Shah, Peacock Throne, Persian, Prime Minister, Qajar, Russia, Safavid, Safavid Dynasty, Sassanid, Sassanid Dynasty, Shah, Shapour, Tabriz, Tahmasp, Talbot, United Kingdom




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