A title meaning prince, the son of a Mir
) - Mirza
Indo-Persian Royal and Noble Ranks
|Emperor or High King : Sultan, Shahanshah, Padishah |
|King : Sultan, Shah |
|Imperial or Royal Prince : Shahzada, Mirza |
|Noble Prince : Mirza, Sahibzada |
|Nobleman: Nawab, Baig, Nawabzada, Nizam |
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Mirza (Persian and Kurdish: میرزا; Turkish: Merza or Mirza; Arabic: مرزا or المرزا; Uzbek: mirzo; Russian: мурза; Circassian: мырзэ) (common variance in Tatar nobility as Morza) is a title of Persian origin, denoting the rank of a high nobleman or Prince. It is usually translated into English as a royal or imperial Prince of the Blood. It signified male-line descent and relationship to the Imperial Families of Turkey, Persia and later South Asia and was the title borne by members of the highest aristocracies in Tatar states, such as the Khanates of Kazan and Astrakhan.
Under Catherine the Great, empress of Russia, the Murzas gained equal rights with the Russian nobility. Abdul Mirza was given the title Prince Yusupov, and his descendant Prince Felix Yusupov married a niece of Tsar Nicholas II of Russia.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 2.1 Persian Kingdom
- 2.2 South Asia
- 3 Notable Mirzas
- 3.1 Nobility
- 3.2 Religion
- 3.3 Government
- 3.4 Military
- 3.5 Advocate
- 3.6 Academics and literature
- 3.7 Sport
- 4 See also
- 5 Further Study
- 6 References
The word Mīrzā is derived from the Persian term ‘Amīrzāde which literally means "child of the ‘Amīr" or "child of the ruler" in Persian. ‘Amīrzād in turn consists of the Arabic title ‘Amīr (engl. Emir), meaning "commander", and the Persian suffix -zād, meaning "birth" or "lineage". Due to vowel harmony in Turkic languages, the alternative pronunciation Morza (plural morzalar; derived from the Persian word) is also used.
Variant spellings in English include miriza, mirize, morsey, mursay, murse, meirsa, mirzey, mursi, murze, murza, mirza, myrza, meerza.
History Persian Kingdom
The titles themselves were given by the Kings, Sultans and Emperors (equivalent to the western Fount of honour) to their sons and grandsons, or even distant kins. Noblemen loyal to the kings also received this Title, although their usage differed. Aristocratic families (royal descent) from South Asia and individuals descended from the Persian nobility have 'Mirza' in their name.
The title itself came from the title emir. Emir, meaning "commander", -derived from the Semitic root Amr, "command". Originally simply meaning commander or leader, usually in reference to a group of people. It came to be used as a title of governors or rulers, usually in smaller states, and usually renders the English word "prince. Amir Sadri." The word entered English in 1595, from the French émir.
- His Highness Prince Shujaat Haider Mirza last one to "COMMAND" and also known as 'AMIR'
- His Highness Prince Irfan Haider Mirza
- His Highness Prince Zeeshan ali Mirza
- His Highness Prince Aslam Jah Mirza
- His Highness Prince Israr Mirza
- His Highness Prince Iraj Mirza
- His Highness Prince Malek Mansur Mirza Shao es-Saltaneh
- His Highness Prince Bahram Mirza Sardar Mass'oud
- His Highness Prince Abbas Mirza
- His Highness Prince Abdol Majid Mirza
- Highness Prince Ali-Mohammad Mirza
- His Highness Prince Bahram Mirza
- His Highness Prince Djahangir Mirza
- His Highness Prince Eskandar Mirza
- His Highness Prince Farhan Mirza
- His Highness Prince Mohammed Tareq Mirza
- His Highness Prince Hamid Mirza
- His Highness Prince Khanlar Mirza
- His Highness Prince Khosrow Mirza
- His Highness Prince Shairul Mirza
- His Highness of Highness Prince Muhammad Mirza
- His Highness Prince Mahmoud Mirza
- His Highness Prince of Fadi Malo George Mirza
- His Highness Prince Mohammad Hassan Mirza
- His Highness Prince Mohammad Hassan Mirza II
- His Highness Prince Nosrat-od-Dowleh Firouz Mirza
- His Highness Prince Kamran Mirza Nayeb es-Saltaneh
- His Highness Prince Firouz Mirza Nosrat-ed-Dowleh Farman Farmaian III
- His Highness Prince Ali Mirza Qajar
- His Highness Prince Nosrat al-Din Mirza Salar es-Saltaneh
- His Highness Prince Abdol-samad Mirza Ezz ed-Dowleh Saloor
- His Highness Prince Mass'oud Mirza Zell-e Soltan
- His Highness Prince Mirza Bilal Baig
South AsiaMirzas of the Mughal
imperial family, 1878
Mirza was given to imperial prince; a title or part of a name implying relationship to the Turk dynasties like Mughal dynasty (the Imperial House of Timur). But in Indian royal families, the title can be placed both before the name and after it, such as Prince Mirza Mughal and Prince Kamran Mirza. Prince Khusrau Mirza was the grandson of Emperor Babur (Babur Mirza), son of Emperor Jahangir and a brother of Emperor Shah Jahan. Emperor Akbar Shah II was Prince Mirza Akbar before his coronation. Emperor Babur took the imperial title of Padishah on 6 March 1508, before which he used the title Mirza.
Because the Bengali language has no phoneme /z/, Mirza has the local form Mridha (from Mirdhjah) in Bengal and Bihar.
Rulers of India included:
The Imperial Family of Hindustan
Further information: Mughal Emperors
- Mirza Zahiruddin 1523–1530, first Mughal Emperor.
- Mirza Nasiruddin 1530–1539 & 1554–1555, second Mughal Emperor.
- Mirza Jalaluddin 1555–1605, third Mughal Emperor.
- Mirza Nuruddin 1605–1627, fourth Mughal Emperor.
- Mirza Khurram 1627–1658, fifth Mughal Emperor.
- Mirza Muhiuddin 1658–1707, sixth Mughal Emperor.
- Mirza Azam 1707, seventh Mughal Emperor.
- Mirza Mu'Azzam 1707–1712, eighth Mughal Emperor.
- Sultan Muizuddin Mirza 1712–1713, ninth Mughal Emperor.
- Mouinudd'in Muhammad Mirza 1712–1719, tenth Mughal Emperor.
- Sultan Shamsuddin Mirza 1719, eleventh Mughal Emperor.
- Sultan Rafiuddin Mirza (later Shah Jahan II) 1719, twelfth Mughal Emperor.
- Sultan Nekusiyar Mirza 1719, thirteenth Mughal Emperor.
- Sultan Akhtar Mirza, fourteenth Mughal Emperor.
- Ahmad Shah Mirza 1720–1748, fifteenth Mughal Emperor.
- Aziz 'ud-Din Beg Mirza 1754–1759, sixteenth Mughal Emperor.
- Jalal 'ud-Din Mirza 1759–1760, seventeenth Mughal Emperor.
- Muhi-ul-millat Mirza 1788–1806, eighteenth Mughal Emperor.
- Mirza Akbar 1806–1837, nineteenth Mughal Emperor.
- Sirajuddin Mirza 1837–1857, Mughal Emperor.
- Mirza Abdullah, only son of Bahadur Shah II 1850–1897, Mughal Emperor.
- Mirza Aziz Koka (1542–1624), foster-brother of Akbar, son of Ataga Khan
- Mirza Dara Bakht (1790–1849)
- Mirza Fath-ul-Mulk Bahadur (1816–1856)
- Muhammad Khair ud-din Mirza, Khurshid Jah Bahadur (1914–1975)
- Mirza Ghulam Moinuddin Muhammad Javaid Jah Bahadur (b. 1948)
The Royal Family of Bengal
- Mirza Shuja ud-din Muhammad Khan, second Nawab of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa.
- Mirza Asadullah, third Nawab of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa.
- Mirza Muhammad Ali, fourth Nawab of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa.
- Mirza Mohammad Siraj, fifth Nawab of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa.
- Mirza Hassan Ali Khan Bahadur, 18th Nawab of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa.
- Mirza Wasif Ali Khan, 19th Nawab of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa.
- Mirza Waris Ali Khan, 20th Nawab of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa.
The Royal Family of Awadh
- Mirza Muhammad Muqim Ali Khan, second Nawab Subahdar of Awadh (Oudh)
- Mirza Amani Asif-ud-Dawlah, fourth Nawab Subahdar of Awadh
- Mirza Asif Jah Wazir Ali Khan, fifth Nawab Subahdar of Awadh
- Mirza Wajid Ali Shah, eleventh Nawab Subahdar (fifth King) of Awadh
The Royal Family of Berar
- Mirza Azam 1707, seventh Mughal Emperor.
- Prince Bedar Bakht Mirza, son of Emperor Mirza Azam
- Prince Mohammed Beg Feroz Bakht Mirza, son of Prince Bedar Bakht Mirza
- Prince Bulaqui Mirza, son of Prince Mirza Feroz Bakht
- Prince Sultan Bahaddur Aduli Mirza, son of Mirza Bulaqui Baig Bahaddur
- Prince Mirza Abdul Rasheed. son of Mirza Abdur Razzak
- Prince Mirza Abdul Razzak II, also known as Mohammed Rizwan Mirza, son of Mirza Abdul Rasheed
- Prince Mirza Mohammad Gibran, son of Mohammed Rizwan Mirza
Notable Mirzas Nobility
- Mirza Najaf Khan, Persian Prince, Indian Courtier and Commander in Chief of the Mughal Imperial Army.
- Mirza Agha Bakar, Persian Nobleman, Bengal Zamindar and son-in-law of Nawab Murshid Quli Khan, the Ruler of Bengal.
- Khan Muhammad Mirza, Architect during the Mughal Era.
- Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, founder of the Ahmadiyya movement
- Mirza Basheer-ud-Din Mahmood Ahmad, second Caliph of the Ahmadiyya Community
- Mirza Nasir Ahmad, third Caliph of the Ahmadiyya Community
- Mirza Tahir Ahmad, fourth Caliph of the Ahmadiyya Community
- Mirza Masroor Ahmad, fifth Caliph of the Ahmadiyya Community
- Mírzá Ḥusayn-`Alí Nuri: known as Baha'u'llah; Founder of the Baha'i Faith
- Mirza Aslam Baig, Former Chief of Army Staff of Pakistan
- Mirza Kuchak Khan: Persian revolutionary who led the Jungle Movement in the northern jungles of Gilan Province
Aamir Hameed Mirza, Advocate - British Immigration and Nationality Laws Practitioner
- Mirza Aziz Akbar Baig, Former Vice Chairman of Pakistan Bar Council
Academics and literature
- Mirza Ghalib (born: Mirza Asadullah Baig Khan), a famous Urdu and Persian poet from South Asia who adorned the Mughal court
- Mirza Khan of "Mirza & Sahiba", a tragic Romeo-and-Juliet-like love story enshrined in Panjabi literature and commonly told in the Punjab region, though in this story Mirza is used as a name and not as a title.
- Iraj Mirza, Persian folk poet, also known as Jalaal-al-mamalek.
- Muhammad Munawwar Mirza, a prominent scholar, historian, writer and intellectual from Pakistan
- Nawab Mirza Khan "Daagh" a famous urdu poet
- Mirza Delibašić, Bosnian Basketball Player
- Mirza Teletović, Bosnian Basketball Player
- Sania Mirza, Indian Tennis Player
- Fadi Merza, is an Austrian middleweight Muaythai fighter, kickboxer and boxer.
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