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Mashhad

Mashad

مشهد


Mashhad_Ferdowsi_Painting_Wall_Aniranian.jpg
Mashhad is the second largest city in Iran; located in north Iran which is a holy city for Shiite Muslims hosting the Shrine of Imam Reza. For centuries it has been an important trade centre along the caravan routes and highways of the Middle East. It was damaged in a Mongol attack in 1220 and was sacked by Turkmen and Uzbeks in the 16th-17th centuries. Nader Shah made Mashhad his capital.Mashhad means the place of martyrdom. Mashhad used to be a small village called Sanabad situated 24km away from Tus. In 808 when Harun ol-Rashid, Abbasi caliph, was marching against the insurrection of Rafi-ibn-Leith in Transoxiana, he became ill and died. He was buried under the palace of Hamid ibn Qahtabi. Several years later in 818 Imam Reza was martyred by Al-Ma'mun and was buried beside the grave of Harun after which the place was called as Mashhad al-Reza.After Mongol raids in 1220 and destruction of many large cities in Greater Khorassan territories, Mashhad remained relatively intact, becoming a migration center. As one of the main cities of the Timurid dynasty, in 1418 Shahrokh's wife funded the construction of an outstanding mosque beside the shrine, which is known as Goharshad Mosque.Shah Ismail I conquered Mashhad after the death of Hossein Bayghara and the decline of the Timurid dynasty. Mashhad was later captured by the Uzbeks until 1597 when Shah Abbas defeated them in several battles and drove them beyond the Oxus River. Mashhad saw its greatest glory under Nader Shah who made the city his capital. Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar conquered the Khorassan in 1796. In 1912, the sanctuary of the Imam Reza was bombed and plundered by Russian forces. (Wikipedia) - Mashhad, is the second largest city in Iran and one of the holiest cities in the Shia Muslim world. It is also the only major Iranian city with an Arabic name. It is located 850 kilometres (530 mi) east of Tehran, at the center of the Razavi Khorasan Province close to the borders of Afghanistan and Turkmenistan. Its population was 2,427,316 at the 2006 population census. Now Mashhad is notably known as the resting place of the Imam Reza. A shrine was later built there to commemorate the Imam, which in turn gave rise to increasing demographic development. Mashhad is also known as the city of Ferdowsi, the Iranian poet of Shahnameh, which is considered to be the national epic of Iran. Mashhad For other uses, see Mashhad (disambiguation). "Mashhadi" redirects here. For other uses, see Mashhadi (disambiguation). Mashhad مشهد Seal Nickname(s): Mashhad Motto: City of paradise (Shahre behesht) MashhadLocation of Mashhad in Iran Coordinates: 36°18′N 59°36′E / 36.3°N 59.6°E / 36.3; 59.6Coordinates: 36°18′N 59°36′E / 36.3°N 59.6°E / 36.3; 59.6 Country &

Tags:Abbasi, Afghanistan, Agha Mohammad Khan, Arabic, Ferdowsi, Goharshad, Goharshad Mosque, Imam, Imam Reza, Iran, Iranian, Khan, Khorasan, Mashhad, Middle East, Mongol, Muslim, Nader Shah, Oxus, Qajar, Razavi Khorasan Province, Russian, Shah, Shah Abbas, Shah Ismail, Shahnameh, Shia, Shiite, Tehran, Timurid, Transoxiana, Turkmenistan, Wikipedia





See All 14 items matching Mashhad in Media Gallery

Mashhad: A young Iranian artist works on a Painting on a wall from Shahnameh of world-famous Ferdowsi. However, pan-Arab Aniranian zealots ordered destruction of more than 2000 meter square of artwork depicting Talebanism towards Iranian national heritage
The Statue of Ferdowsi, the great Iranian poet in Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, third university in Iran. Ferdowsi's materpiece, Shahnameh is an Epic of Kiani Kings since Kiomars (Giomarta in Avesta), first human to be created by Ahouramazda.
Mashhad holy Imam Reza's Shrine and a view of the City during 1970s before major developments took place. Imam Reza's shrine is a major Shiite pilgrimage site of great historical and religious value.
The Imam Reza Shrine in Mashhad is a luxurious Mausoleum with its Golden Dome and minaret. Imam Reza was the seventh descendant of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and the eighth of the Twelve Imams. His given name was Ali-ebne-Musa-bne-Jafar.
Goharshad Mosque built in 1418 by Shahrokh Teimuri's wife in Mashhad
A statue of Nader Shah stands on the entrance of his tomb in Mashhad

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