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Lydia

لیدیا


Anatolia_Ancient_Map_Lydia_Caria_Mysia_Phrygia.jpg
Lydia was a kingdom formed at the end of 7th century B.C. by migrating Arians west of Anatolia. It's capital Sardis was located near today's Izmir. (Wikipedia) - Lydia was an Iron Age kingdom of western Asia Minor located generally east of ancient Ionia in the modern Turkish provinces of Manisa and inland u0130zmir. Its population spoke an Anatolian language known as Lydian. At its greatest extent, the Kingdom of Lydia covered all of western Anatolia. Lydia (known as Sparda by the Achaemenids) was a satrapy (province) of the Achaemenid Empire, with Sardis as its capital. Tabalus, appointed by Cyrus the Great was the first satrap (governor).. Lydia was later the name for a Roman province. Coins are thought to have been invented in Lydia around 610 BC. Lydia This article is about the ancient kingdom in Anatolia. For other uses, see Lydia (disambiguation). Lydia (Λυδία) Ancient Region of Anatolia Byzantine shops at Sardis Location Western Anatolia, Salihli, Manisa, Turkey State existed 15-14th c. BC (as Arzawa) 1200-546 BC Language Lydian Historical capitals Sardis Notable rulers Gyges, Croesus Persian satrapy Lydia Roman province Asia, Lydia Lydia (Assyrian: Luddu; Greek: Λυδία) was an Iron Age kingdom of western Asia Minor located generally east of ancient Ionia in the modern Turkish provinces of Uşak, Manisa and inland İzmir. Its population spoke an Anatolian language known as Lydian. At its greatest extent, the Kingdom of Lydia covered all of western Anatolia. Lydia (known as Sparda by the Achaemenids) was a satrapy (province) of the Achaemenid Empire, with Sardis as its capital. Tabalus, appointed by Cyrus the Great, was the first satrap (governor). (See: Lydia (satrapy)). Lydia was later the name for a Roman province. Coins are thought to have been invented in Lydia around the 7th century BC. Contents 1 Defining Lydia 2 Geography 3 Language 4 History 4.1 Early history: Maeonia and Lydia 4.2 Lydia in Greek mythology 4.3 First coinage 4.4 Autochthonous Dynasties 4.5 Persian Empire 4.6 Hellenistic Empire 4.7 Roman province of Asia 4.8 Roman province of Lydia 4.9 Under Turkish rule 5 Lydian gods 6 See also 7 Notes 8 References 9 External links Defining Lydia The endonym Śfard (the name the Lydians called themselves) survives in bilingual and trilingual stone-carved notices of the Achaemenid Empire: the satrapy of Sparda (Old Persian), Aramaic Saparda, Babylonian Sapardu, Elamitic Išbarda. These in the Greek tradition are associated with Sardis, the capital city of Gyges, constructed in the 7th century BC. The cultural ancestors appear to have been associated with or part of the Luwian political entity of Arzawa; yet Lydian is not part of

Tags:Achaemenid, Achaemenid Empire, Anatolia, Anatolian, Aramaic, Asia, Asia Minor, Assyrian, Byzantine, Croesus, Cyrus, Cyrus the Great, Greek, Ionia, Izmir, Lydia, Persian, Roman, Sardis, Turkey, Wikipedia




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