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Lebanon is a country in southwestern Asia at the eastern end of the Mediterranean Sea. Much of present-day Lebanon corresponds to ancient Phoenicia, which was settled 3000 BC. In the 6th century AD, Christians fleeing Syrian persecution settled in northern Lebanon and founded the Maronite Church. Arab tribal peoples settled in southern Lebanon, and by the 11th century religious refugees from Egypt had founded the Druze faith. Part of the medieval Crusader states, Lebanon was later ruled by the Mamluk dynasty. In 1516 the Ottoman Empire seized control; the Ottomans, who first ruled by proxy, ended the local rule of the Druze Shihab princes in 1842. Poor relations between religious groups resulted in the massacre of Maronites by Druze in 1860. France intervened, forcing the Ottomans to form an autonomous province for the Christian area known as Mount Lebanon. Following World War I (1914–18), the whole of Lebanon was administered by the French military as part of a French mandate; the country was fully independent by 1946. After the Arab-Israeli war of 1948–49, over 200,000 Palestinian refugees settled in southern Lebanon. In 1970 the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) moved its headquarters to Lebanon and began raids into northern Israel. The Christian-dominated Lebanese government tried to curb them, and in response the PLO sided with Lebanon's Muslims in their conflict with Christians, fueling the country's descent into a civil war that split the country into numerous political and religious factions. (Wikipedia) - Lebanon, officially the Republic of Lebanon, is a country in Western Asia, on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea. It is bordered by Syria to the north and east, and Israel to the south. Lebanon's location at the crossroads of the Mediterranean Basin and the Arabian hinterland has dictated its rich history, and shaped a cultural identity of religious and ethnic diversity. The earliest evidence of civilization in Lebanon dates back more than 7,000 yearsu2014predating recorded history. Lebanon was the home of the Phoenicians, a maritime culture that flourished for nearly 2,500 years (3000u2013539 BC). Following the collapse of the Ottoman Empire after World War I, the five provinces that comprise modern Lebanon were mandated to France. The French expanded the borders of Mount Lebanon, which was mostly populated by Maronite Catholics and Druze, to include more Muslims. Lebanon gained independence in 1943, and established a unique political system, known as confessionalism, a power-sharing mechanism based on religious communities u2013 Bechara El Khoury who became independent Lebanon first President and Riad El-Solh, who became Lebanon's first prime minister, are considered the founders of the modern Republic of Lebanon and are national heroes for having led the country's independence. French troops withdrew in 1946. Before the Lebanese Civil War (1975u20131990), the country experienced a period of relative calm and prosperity, driven by tourism, agriculture, and banking. Because of its financial power and diversity, Lebanon was known in its heyda

Tags:Arab, Asia, Christian, Egypt, France, French, Israel, Israeli, Lebanese, Lebanon, Mamluk, Maronite, Mediterranean Sea, Ottoman, Ottoman Empire, PLO, Palestine, Palestinian, Phoenicia, President, Syria, Syrian, Wikipedia, World War I

See All 2 items matching Lebanon in Media Gallery

Phoenicians appeared 2500 B.C. in Arabian Pennisula and then settled in today's Lebanon. Embossed depiction of Phoenicians transporting famous Lebanon Cedar trees by trireme in Sargon's Palace. 8th century B.C.
South Lebanon: Army of Iran backed Hezbollah (Party of God)  during the 33 days War with Israel destroys a Merkava Tank

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