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Khoozestan, Khuzistan,Susiana


Khuzestan is a region SW Iran bordering on Persian Gulf; chief city Khorramshahr.Khuzestan Province is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. It is in the southwest of the country, bordering Iraq's Basra Province and the Persian Gulf. Its capital is Ahwaz. Other major cities include Behbahan, Abadan, Andimeshk, Khorramshahr, Bandar Imam, Dezful, Shushtar, Omidiyeh, Izeh, Baq-e-Malek, Mah Shahr, Dasht-i Mishan/Dasht-e-Azadegan, Ramhormoz, Shadegan, Susa, Masjed Soleiman, Minoo Island and Hoveizeh.Historically Khuzestan is what historians refer to as ancient Elam, whose capital was in Susa. The Achaemenid Old Persian term for Elam was Hujiyā, which is present in the modern name. Khuzistan, meaning the Land of the Khuzi" refers to the original inhabitants of this province, the "Susian" people (Old Persian "Huza" or Huja (as in the inscription at the tomb of King Dariush I at Naghsh Rostam, (the Shushan of the Hebrew sources) where it is recorded as inscription as "Hauja" or "Huja"). This is in conformity with the same evolutionary process where the Old Persian changed the name Sindh into Hind /Hindustan. In Middle Persian the term evolves into "Khuz" and "Kuzi" The pre-Islamic Partho-Sassanid Inscriptions gives the name of the province as Khwuzestan.Persians settlers, by the 6th century BC, mixed with the native Elamite population. The assimilation, however, does not seem to have concluded until after the Islamic invasion of the 7th century, when the Muslim writers still mention "Khuzi" to be the primary language of the inhabitant of the province.The seat of the province, for the most of its history has been in the northern reaches of the land, first at Susa (Shoosh) and then at Shushtar. During a short spell in the Sassanid era, the capital of the province was moved to its geographical center, where the river town of Hormuz-Ardasher, founded over the foundation of the ancient Hoorpahir by Ardeshir 1, the founder of the Sassanid Dynasty in 3rd century AD. This town is now known as Ahwaz. However, later in the Sassanid time and throughout the Islamic era, the provincial seat returned and stayed at Shushter, until the late Qajar period. With the increase in the international sea commerce arriving on the shores of Khuzestan, Ahwaz became a more suitable location for the provincial capital. The River Karoon is navigable all the way to Ahwaz (above which, it flows through rapids). The town was thus refurbished by the order of the Qajar king, Naseroddin Shah and renamed after him, Naseri. Shushtar quickly declined, while Ahwaz/Naseri prospered to the present day.The province of Khuzestan is one of the centers of ancient civilization, based around Susa. The first large scale empire bas

Tags:Abadan, Achaemenid, Ahwaz, Ardeshir, Ardeshir 1, Azadegan, Basra, Behbahan, Dariush, Dariush I, Dezful, Dynasty, Elam, Elamite, Hebrew, Hormuz, Imam, Iran, Iraq, Islamic, Karoon, Khorramshahr, Khuzestan, Khuzestan Province, Malek, Minoo Island, Muslim, Naghsh Rostam, Naseroddin Shah, Persian, Persian Gulf, Qajar, Ramhormoz, Sassanid, Sassanid Dynasty, Shah, Shoosh, Shushtar, Susa, Susiana

See All 36 items matching Khuzestan in Media Gallery

Kulefarah is the site of several Elamite rock reliefs in Izeh/Khuzestan. The Queen here is offering some sort of sacrifice to gods. The Elamite civilization came to destruction by Assyrians yet astounding findings depict their advanced culture.
The Golden Ring of Khuzestan was accidently found in a 3200 year old tomb of an Elamite man holding it. Also a dagger, golden buttons a silver jar and other precious items were excavated during a dam construction on the Maroon River.
Beautiful Sunset on the Persian Gulf at the Imam Khomeini Harbor of Khuzestan where cranes operate to load/unload containers. Khuzestan Province is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. It is in the southwest of the country.
Shushtar Watermills have a beautiful view on the Karoon River in Khuzestan province. Shushtar is approximately 92 km away from Ahvaz. In the Achaemenid times its name was Shurkutir. The ancient fortress walls were destroyed at the end of the Safavid era.
Elamite era Inscriptions and Embossed images of Narsina in Kulefarah complex of Izeh in Khuzestan.Kulefarah is a valley 7 km from the city of Izeh in Khuzestan Province that hosts 6 magnificent Elamite inscriptions.
Signs of ancient Elamite civilization in the city of Izeh in Khuzestan province of Iran at the valley of Kulefarah Prayer. The greater embossed figure on the rock seems to be the king or head priest conducting a mass very similar to todays prayers.

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