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Carmania, Kermania


Region southeast of Iran, north of Bandar Abbas. Producer of a Persian carpet characterized by elaborate fluid designs and soft colors.Kerman city is the center of Kerman Province (which is the second largest province in Iran). Located in a large and flat plain, this city is located 1,076 km south of Tehran.Kerman was founded as a defensive outpost, with the name Behdesir, by Ardeshir I, founder of the Sassanid Empire, in the 3rd century AD. After the Battle of Nahavand in 642, the city came under Muslim rule. At first the city's isolation allowed Kharijites and Zoroastrians to thrive there, but the Kharijites were wiped out in 698, and the population was mostly Muslim by 725. Already in the eighth century the city was famous for its manufacture of cashmere wool shawls and other textiles. The Abbasid Caliphate's authority over the region was weak, and power passed in the tenth century to the Buyid dynasty, which maintained control even when the region and city fell to Mahmoud Ghaznavi in the late tenth century. The name Kerman was adopted at some point in the tenth century.Kerman was under the Seljuk Turks in the 11th and 12th centuries, but remained virtually independent, conquering Oman and Fars. When Marco Polo visited the city in 1271 it had become a major trade emporium linking the Persian Gulf with Khorasan and Central Asia. Subsequently, however, the city was sacked many times by various invaders. Kerman expanded rapidly during the Safavid Dynasty. Carpets and rugs were exported to England and Germany during this period.In 1794 Lotfali Khan captured Kerman where he was besieged in for six months by Agha Mohammad Khan. When the city fell to Agha Mohammad Khan, angered by the popular support that Lotfali Khan had received, all the male inhabitants were killed or blinded, and a pile was made out of 20,000 detached eyeballs and poured in front of the victorious Agha Muhammad Khan. The women and children were sold into slavery, and the city was destroyed over ninety days.The present city of Kerman was rebuilt in the 19th century to the northwest of the old city, but the city did not recover to its former size until the 20th century. (Wikipedia) - Kerman is a city in Iran. It is the center of Kermu0101n Province (which is the second largest province in Iran). Located in a large and flat plain, this city is located 1,076 km (669 mi) south of Tehran, the capital of Iran. Kerman city had an estimated population of 533,799 in 2005. Kerman For the administrative subdivisions, see Kerman Province and Kerman County. For the U.S. city, see Kerman, California. Kerman کرمان —  city  — Ancient names: Kārmānia, Boutiā, Germānia Ganj Ali Khan ancient square Seal Nickname(s): ديار كريمان' (Persian for "Land of Karimans"), The City Of Stars , Heart Of The World Kerman کرمان Coordinates: 30°17′N 57°05′E / 30.283°N 57.083°E

Tags:Abbasid, Abbasid Caliphate, Agha Mohammad Khan, Ardeshir, Asia, Bandar Abbas, California, Caliphate, Carmania, Dynasty, England, Fars, Germany, Ghaznavi, Iran, Kerman, Khan, Khorasan, Lotfali, Lotfali Khan, Muslim, Nahavand, Oman, Persian, Persian Gulf, Safavid, Safavid Dynasty, Sassanid, Seljuk, Tehran, Wikipedia

See All 17 items matching Kerman in Media Gallery

Kerman's Mosque or the Masjid gate through which Qajar king Agha Mohammad Khan entered the city and killed or blinded all male civilians. In 1794 Lotfali Khan captured Kerman where he was besieged in for six months by Agha Mohammad Khan.
Sassanid Horse Head made of Silver and Gold found in Kerman now in Louvre Museum. It is a luxurious piece of Iranshahr craftsmanship of the 4th century AD. Most such artifacts were plundered and melted for the metals, few smuggled and kept in collections.
Beautiful view of Kerman Prince Palace and Garden (Bagh-e-Shazdeh) at Night.The garden was built for Abdolhamid Mirza Naserodolleh during the eleven years of his governorship in the Qajar dynasty but unfinished, due to his death  in early 1890s.
Kerman vocational Girls School in Sep, 1950 on the occasion of the visit by head Zoroastrian priest from Bombay. Zoroastrianism is a religion and philosophy based on the teachings of prophet Zoroaster AKA Zarathustra or Zartosht.
Qajar era map off Persia in 1814 before the Great Game: Persian Gulf is seen as Gulf of Persia. Extent of provinces such as Gilan, Khuzestan, Mazandaran, and Khorasan are remarkable, alongside parts that were separated from the motherland later.
Sassanid Map and the Persian Gulf read as daryaye-Pars. Some of Persian satrapies such as Margiana,Sogdiana,Kharazm,Hyrcania,Arachosia,Sekestan,Kerman along the east-west trade routes aka silk-road are depicted.

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