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Karaj

کرج


Karaj_Iranian_Girl_Ninjas.jpg
Karaj is a City NW of Tehran.It is in Tehran province, situated 20 km west of capital Tehran, at the foothills of the Alborz mountains.Karaj is the fifth-largest city in Iran after Tehran, Mashhad, Isfahan and Tabriz. Karaj city is increasingly becoming an extension of metropolitan Tehran and efforts are underway to make it part of a separate province called Alborz. Karaj used to be mostly famous for its fruit gardens which have become victim of fast urbanization.Historical Attractions:-The Zoroastrian fire temple of Takht-e-Rostam, made of stone from the Parthian era is a testament that Karaj is an ancient settlement. -The Soleymanieh palace (currently housing a college of Agriculture)-The mausoleum of Shahzadeh Soleyman- Imamzadeh Rahman.- Zeid Palang Abad-e-Eshtehard.-The Morvarid Palace, constructed in nearby Mehrshahr district, designed by the Frank Lloyd Wright Foundation.-The Amirkabir Dam.Major districts of Karaj: * Gohardasht * Mehrshahr * Kian-mehr * Hesarak * Azimiyeh * Ouj * Shahin Vila * Bonyad * Baghastan * Garmdare * Jahanshahr * Mesbah * Mehr Vila * Dehghan Vila * Mahdasht * Fardis * Vahdat * Kalak & Hesar * Islam Abad * Golshahr * Zibadasht * Zob-e-Ahan * Sasani * Homayoonvila * Astara * Mohammad Shahr * Mehdi Abad * Shahrak-e-Khatam (Wikipedia) - Karaj For other places with the same name, see Karaj (disambiguation). Karaj كرج Country Province County Bakhsh Area  • Total Elevation Population (2011 Census)  • Total  • Density  • Population Rank in Iran Time zone  • Summer (DST) Area code(s)
city
View of Karaj
Karaj
Coordinates: 35°50′08″N 51°00′37″E / 35.83556°N 51.01028°E / 35.83556; 51.01028Coordinates: 35°50′08″N 51°00′37″E / 35.83556°N 51.01028°E / 35.83556; 51.01028
 Iran
Alborz
Karaj
Central
304 km2 (117 sq mi)
1,312 m (4,304 ft)
2,473,274
8,100/km2 (21,000/sq mi)
5th
IRST (UTC+3:30)
IRDT (UTC+4:30)
026

Karaj  pronunciation (help·info) (Persian: كرج‎ pronounced , also Romanized as Karadj, Karadje, and Karej; also known as Qaşabeh-e Karaj, Heredi, Keredi, and Leredi) is a city in and the capital of Karaj County, Alborz Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 1.61 million in the latest 2011 census, making it the third-largest city in Iran after Tehran, Mashhad. It is situated 20 kilometres (12 mi) west of Tehran, at the foothills of the Alborz mountains. The city has effectively become an extension of metropolitan Tehran.

Karaj is mostly famous because of its academic and educational complexes along with tourist attractions.

ContentsHistory

The history of Karaj dates back many centuries. The stone built Zoroastrian fire temple of Takht-e-Rostam from the Parthian era is a testament to this.

The Soleimanieh palace (currently housing a college of Agriculture), the mausoleum of Shahzadeh Soleiman, Imamzadeh Rahman and Zeid Palang Abad-e-Eshtehard are other historical relics of the Karaj area.

During the Pahlavi dynasty era, the Morvarid Palace was constructed in nearby Mehrshahr district, designed by the Frank Lloyd Wright Foundation.

Climate

Köppen-Geiger climate classification system classifies its climate as cold semi-arid (BSk).

Climate data for Karaj Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Average high °C (°F) Daily mean °C (°F) Average low °C (°F) Precipitation mm (inches)
5.2 (41.4) 8 (46) 12.7 (54.9) 19.4 (66.9) 27.3 (81.1) 31.5 (88.7) 33.6 (92.5) 34.5 (94.1) 29.5 (85.1) 24.1 (75.4) 15 (59) 9.1 (48.4) 20.83 (69.46)
0.1 (32.2) 2.7 (36.9) 7 (45) 12.9 (55.2) 20 (68) 23.7 (74.7) 25.9 (78.6) 26.9 (80.4) 21.8 (71.2) 17.2 (63) 9.2 (48.6) 4 (39) 14.28 (57.73)
−4.9 (23.2) −2.5 (27.5) 1.3 (34.3) 6.4 (43.5) 12.7 (54.9) 15.9 (60.6) 18.2 (64.8) 19.4 (66.9) 14.2 (57.6) 10.4 (50.7) 3.5 (38.3) −1 (30) 7.8 (46.03)
44 (1.73) 37 (1.46) 41 (1.61) 36 (1.42) 18 (0.71) 5 (0.2) 3 (0.12) 2 (0.08) 3 (0.12) 14 (0.55) 26 (1.02) 33 (1.3) 262 (10.32)
Source: Climate-Data.org, altitude: 1314m
Karaj todayKaraj in winter

The economical base for Karaj is its proximity to Tehran, where transportation of products between the capital and the Caspian Sea is central. Chemicals, fertilizers and processed agricultural goods are also produced here.

The majority of the population of the city is composed of ethnic Persians who are natives to the city but there are also a minority of Persianized Lurs, Persianized Azarbaijanis and Persianized Kurds.

It is connected by freeway, railway to Tehran 40 km east and Qazvin 100 km northwest, and by commuter rail to Tehran subway system (Metro).

Amir Kabir dam and small lakes are based here. Karaj's climate is a bit cooler than Tehran and it receives 260 mm of rain annually.

The downtown of Karaj is usually referred to Karaj Square, located hundred of meters to the West of Karaj River and the old Karaj Bridge.

Karaj's major districts include:

Karaj Azadi Blvd. 
Central Karaj 
Special Economic Zone and airport Higher education and researchKaraj Azad University

SportsKaraj Enghelab Stadium

Karaj has introduced several national players for a wide range of national teams.

Karaj has a multi-purpose stadium; the Enghelab Stadium, with capacity of 15,000 people. It is currently used mostly for football matches and is the home of football team, Saipa F.C.

Karaj is home to Saipa F.C. one the IPL major Football teams as of 2001. The team is registered in Tehran, but plays its games in Karaj and is called "Saipa Karaj". It is known to have one of the best youth training programs in Iranian football.

Karaj also has a Tennis Park in Jahanshahr.

The ski resorts of Dizin and Khur are situated close to Karaj in the Alborz Mountains. Besides Skiing facilities in Dizin, there are tennis courtyards, slope for skiing on turf, some altitudes for mountain climbing and walking as well as riding and some routes for cycling.

The high altitude mountains have made it easy for people in Karaj to use them as mountain trail for hiking and mountain climbing. There are also many private gyms and clubs that are being utilized.

TourismPearl Palace, Karaj

Karaj has traditionally been considered as a tourism area particularly for the people from Tehran. Karaj has a pleasant climate throughout the year. It is famous for its natural attractions. The Alborz Mountains provide a natural beauty to the landscape of Karaj.

The stony fire-temple of Takht-e-Rostam belong to Parthians and Sassanian eras, as well as the Soleimanieh palace (which is currently part of the Agriculture faculty of University of Tehran), Shah Abbasi Caravanserai, a pre-Islamic bridge and the mausoleum of Shahzadeh Soleiman are among Karaj's cultural heritage.

Karaj is also the starting point for a drive along road forced north through the Alborz mountain to the Caspian Sea.

The following are the lists of some places for outdoors activities in Karaj:

RecreationAmir Kabir Dam (aka Karaj Dam)Ahmad Shamlou is buried in Emamzadeh TaherCultural attractionsA medieval Caravanserai in Karaj TransportationKaraj Special road

Karaj is connected by Highways and railway to Tehran 40 km east and Qazvin 100 km northwest, and by commuter rail to Tehran subway system (Metro). The highway system includes three highways: Tehran-Karaj Freeway, Karaj special road (highway), Karaj old road (Fat'h highway). Tehran-Karaj Freeway (also known as the Autobahn) is the most high traffic highway in Iran.

Roads and freewaysKaraj-Chalus road

Freeway 2

Road 32

Road 59

Photo gallery

Tags:Abbasi, Ahmad Shamlou, Alborz, Amir Kabir, Amirkabir, Amirkabir Dam, Astara, Atashgah, Azad, Azadi, Caspian, Caspian Sea, Chaloos, Dizin, Dowlat, Enghelab, IPL, Iran, Iranian, Isfahan, Islam, Islamic, Islamic Azad University, Karaj, Karaj Dam, Khatam, Lloyd, Mashhad, Mehdi, Mehr, Mesbah, Morad, Pahlavi, Parthian, Persian, Qazvin, Rastakhiz, Sassanian, Shah, Tabriz, Taher, Taleghan, Tehran, University of Tehran, Wikipedia, Zoroastrian





See All 6 items matching Karaj in Media Gallery

Iranian Girl Ninjas practicing Ninjutsu at a gym in Karaj, 45 km northwest of Tehran on March 15, 2012. Thousands of Iranian women train in martial arts in Iran for sports and fun, yet the Talibanist Western media, labels them as potential assassins!
Villa Kiani (Robust design and luxury by Makan Rahmanian and Kamran Heirati) , a luxurious villa built in Mohammad Shahr, near Karaj, Iran. Accommodation of 500 square meters with a L-shaped design of two volumes pool and outdoor terrace.
Pahlavi Document related to inauguration ceremony of the Amirkabir (Karaj) Dam on Oct, 21, 1961. The Amirkabir Dam was built as a multi-purpose dam to provide tap water for Tehran alongside agricultural development in Karaj.
State delegate during inauguration of the Amirkabir Dam
Amirkabir Dam Karaj is the first multi-purpose dam in Iran built in 1963
Breathtaking view from Amir Kabir dam locally known as Sadd-e Karaj is located 63 kilometres northwest of Tehran and 23 kilometres (north of Karaj. It was constructed on the Karaj River, and was the first multi-purpose dam in Iran.

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