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Major world religion founded by Prophet Muhammad in the early 7th century AD.The Arabic word islam means submission specifically to the will of God. Islam is a strictly monotheistic religion, and its adherents, called Muslims, regard the Prophet Muhammad as the last prophet. The sacred scripture of Islam is the Quran, which contains God's revelations to Muhammad. The sayings and deeds of the Prophet are also an important source of belief and practice and also dispute in Islam. The religious obligations of all Muslims are summed up in the Five Pillars of Islam, which include belief in God and his Prophet and obligations of prayer, charity, pilgrimage, and fasting. The fundamental concept in Islam is the Sharia Law, which embraces way of life commanded by God. Some Muslims pray five times a day and join in community worship on Fridays. Every believer is required to make a pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in a lifetime, barring poverty or physical incapacity. The month of Ramadan is set aside for fasting. Alcohol and pork are always forbidden, as are gambling, usury, fraud, slander, and the making of images, depending on the reading of Islam. Divisions occurred early in Islam, brought about by disputes over the succession to the caliphate. About 90% of Muslims belong to the Sunni faith. The Shiites broke away in the 7th century and later gave rise to other sects, including the Ismailis. Another significant element in Islam is the mysticism known as Sufism. Since the 19th century the concept of the Islamic community has inspired Muslim peoples to cast off Western colonial rule. (Wikipedia) - Islam is the monotheistic religion articulated by the Quru2019an, a text considered by its adherents to be the verbatim word of God, and by the teachings and normative example of Muhammad, considered by them to be the last prophet of God. An adherent of Islam is called a Muslim. Muslims believe that God is one and incomparable. Muslims also believe that Islam is the complete and universal version of a primordial faith that was revealed at many times and places before, including through Abraham, Moses and Jesus, whom they consider prophets . Muslims maintain that previous messages and revelations have been partially changed or corrupted over time, but consider the Qur'an to be both the unaltered and the final revelation of God (the Final Testament, following the Old and New Testaments). Religious concepts and practices include the five pillars of Islam, which are basic concepts and obligatory acts of worship, and following Islamic law, which touches on virtually every aspect of life and society, providing guidance on multifarious topics from banking, politics, and welfare, to warfare and the environment. Most Muslims belong to one of two denominations; with 80-90% being Sunni and 10-20% being Shia. About 13% of Muslims live in Indonesia, the largest Muslim country, 25% in South Asia, 20% in the Middle East, 2% in Central Asia, 4% in the remaining South East Asian countries, and 15% in Sub-saharan Africa. Sizable communities are also found in China and Russia, and parts of Europe. Converts and immigrant communities are found in almost every part of the world. With about 1.41-1.57 billion Muslims, comprising about 21-23% of the world's population, Islam is the second-largest religion and one of t

Tags:Africa, Arabic, Asia, China, Indonesia, Islam, Islamic, Jesus, Mecca, Middle East, Muslim, Quran, Ramadan, Russia, Sharia, Shia, Sufism, Sunni, Wikipedia

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Rise of Islam to its greatest extents: Map of expansion under Prophet Mohammad 622-632 AD,  Rashedin Caliphs (Rashidun Caliphate) 632-661 AD Omavi Caliphs (Umayyad Dynasty) 661-750. Retractions started by the end of Omavi Dynasty.
Depictions of Prophet Mohammad an Illustration of Ferdowsi Parable of the Ship of Faith, Folio 18 from the Houghton Shahnama of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, produced for Shah Tahmasp I (1530-1535 By Mirza Ali)

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