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Esfahan, Sepahan,Esparan

اصفهان ، اسپه دانه، اسپهان

An ancient Median town named Gey (Jay), it was later known as Aspadana. In Sassanid Empire, the city was residence of 7 royal Iranian families called Espouheran. After the fall of the Sassanid Empire, Isfahan was conquered by Arabs in 641 and it was a part of the Abbasi realm until 931 it was liberated by Mardaviz Ziari and became capital. It was a major city of the Seljuk dynasty (11th-13th centuries AD) and of the Safavid dynasty (16th-18th centuries). Its golden age began in 1598 when Shah Abbas I made it his capital and rebuilt it into one of the 17th century's greatest cities. At its centre he created the immense Maydan-e Shah, or Royal Square, a great rectangular garden enclosing the Masjid-e Shah (Royal Mosque). In 1722 Afghans took the city, and it went into decline. Recovery began in the 20th century, and it is now a major tourist centre, with other industries include steelmaking and petroleum refining. (Wikipedia) - Isfahan, historically also rendered in English as Ispahan, Sepahan or Hispahan, is the capital of Isfahan Province in Iran, located about 340 km south of Tehran. It has a population of 1,583,609, Iran's third largest city after Tehran and Mashhad. The Isfahan metropolitan area had a population of 3,430,353 in the 2006 Census, the second most populous metropolitan area in Iran after Tehran. The cities of Najafabad, Si-deh, Khan Isfahan, Shahin-shahr, Zarrinshahr, Mobarakeh, Falavarjan and Fouladshahr all constitute the metropolitan city of Isfahan. Isfahan is located on the main north-south and east-west routes crossing Iran, and was once one of the largest cities in the world. It flourished from 1050 to 1722, particularly in the 16th century under the Safavid dynasty, when it became the capital of Persia for the second time in its history. Even today, the city retains much of its past glory. It is famous for its Islamic architecture, with many beautiful boulevards, covered bridges, palaces, mosques, and minarets. This led to the Persian proverb "'Esfahu0101n nesf-e jahu0101n ast" (Isfahan is half of the world). The Naghsh-e Jahan Square in Isfahan is one of the biggest city squares in the world and an outstanding example of Iranian and Islamic architecture. It has been designated by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. The city also has a wide variety of historic monuments. Isfahan This article is about the city of Isfahan. For other uses, see Isfahan (disambiguation). "Espahan" redirects here. For the village in Razavi Khorasan Province, see Espahan, Razavi Khorasan. Isfahan (اصفهان) —  city  — Ancient names: Aspadāna, Spahān Montage of Isfahan, Top upper left:Khaju Bridge, Top lower left:Si-o-se Pol(33 Arches Bridge), Top right:Chehel Sotun Garden and palace, Bottom upper left:Naqsh-e-Jahan Square, Bottom lower left:Sheikh Lotf Allah Mosque in Ghal-e Tabarok area, Bottom right:Jameh Mosque in Shahahan area Tags:Abbasi, Allah, Iran, Iranian, Isfahan, Isfahan Province, Islamic, Khaju, Khaju Bridge, Khan, Khorasan, Mardaviz, Mardaviz Ziari, Mashhad, Najafabad, Persia, Persian, Razavi Khorasan Province, Safavid, Sassanid, Seljuk, Sepahan, Shah, Shah Abbas, Sheikh, Si-o-se Pol, Tehran, UNESCO, Wikipedia, Ziari

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Special patterned wooden stamps used to create Ghalamkar fabrics in Grand Bazaar of Isfahan. Ghalamkar is a traditional type of hand-printed Handicraft, a patterned Iranian Fabric printed manually.
Reflection of the Shah Mosque in the pool at Isfahan's Naghshejahan Square, once the seat of the Safavid Empire, one of UNESCO's World Heritage sites. The Shah Mosque is situated on the south side of this square.
Actors take part in a re-enactment of the 7th century battle of Kerbala during the
Facade of entrance arcade at Imam Mosque of Isfahan.The Mosque is surrounded with four iwans, arcades. Walls are ornamented with seven-color mosaic tile. Muqarnas is a type of corbel used for decoration in traditional Islamic Persian architecture.
Muqarnas in the entrance gate to the Shah Mosque in Isfahan. Muqarnas developed around the middle of the 10th century in northeastern Iran. They take the form of small pointed niches, stacked in tiers which project beyond lower tiers
Painting by the French architect, Pascal Coste, visiting Persia in 1841. The painting shows the main courtyard, with two of the iwans. The iwan to the right is topped by the goldasteh, which in many Persian mosques had replaced the minarets.

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