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This article is part of the series: Politics and government of Iran
Iranian presidential election of 1997 took place on May 23, 1997, which resulted in an unpredicted win for the reformist candidate Mohammad Khatami. The election was notable not only for the lopsided majority of the winner - 70% - but for the high turnout. 80% of those eligible to vote did so, compared to 50% in the previous presidential election.
The candidates were asked about their opinion on the fatwa against Salman Rushdie. Ali Akbar Nateq-Nouri said that any "a good Muslim" would carry out the fatwa. Mohammad Khatami avoided the issue. Mohammad Khatami's supporters called Nateq-Nouri the "Taliban" of Iran.
Mohammad Khatami expressed support for the easing Islamic regulations "from women's dress to whether TV satellite dishes should be allowed."Results
|Association of Combatant Clerics||Mohammad Khatami||20,078,187||69.6%|
|Combatant Clergy Association||Ali Akbar Nategh-Nouri||7,242,859||25.0%|
|Islamic Coalition Party||Mohammad Reyshahri||742,598||2.6%|
|Blank or invalid votes||240,996|
|Sources: Ministry of Interior of Iran|
Khatami's victory virtually new season marked the Islamic Republic. The new season of the dynamics of the main symptoms of the political climate. Promised to young Iranians was hope and change and an improvement to the situation for the majority of them. A spectrum of the left-wing supporters of Khatami to the 2nd of Khordad or reformers were identified. Reformers believed in the need for fundamental change in the nation's affairs. It appears within the constitution of Iran Jmhvy. Reformist goals included reducing the power of the Supreme Leader, along with right wing and conservative groups. Right wing to believe major changes in the Ndashnd and the constitution, obey only the leadership of the main principles of its means. Of course, right wing conservatives in the late period of Khatami's place a new generation of young were more that were known as fundamentalists.
With relatively open political atmosphere, new parties were birth astonishing speed. Successful reformers significant majority in the Sixth Parliament (2000) were. The intensity of press activities and recession was a former field press about losing color. With arrest and closure of any newspaper, newspaper that became the new place but little difference in name and details with the newspaper had been closed. Of this phenomenon as a chain of newspapers are learning. Besides these activities, student life and students will again benefit again as a force were considered effective.
Persian date 18 Tir, 1378 in one of the student movements at Tehran University to protest the newspapers went to protests after a small student protest a few hours to rebel instead Hvd that the Islamic Republic was the target.
But as time passed, the expectations will increase and the eye was more red lines. Reformers rely on three pillars with their performance (people and their representatives in Parliament, press and students and scholars) were thinking before Myamdnd goals. Naturally, this situation can be opposite reaction to expect. And this something that reform leaders ready to confront it did not. Problems and crises, fall and even Khatami's reform movement was forced to be exposure. He said the crisis centers in the country building homes and president average every 9 days with a crisis is serious struggle.
Judiciary of the leading reformers to arrest dissidents and political activists pay. They even both Parliament and they did not portion constitution court were contrary. The principles and eighty-four eighty-sixth constitution delegates the right to comment on all issues, and they can not meet them due to layout the official language Role duties represent Vrdhand prosecution or banned.