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Iranian Army Order of Battle

ترتیب نبرد ارتش ایران


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(Wikipedia) - Iranian Army Order of Battle
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The following article lists three Orders of Battle for the Iranian Army at different periods. Note, that this is not the order of battle of the Iranian Revolutionary Guards but of the regular ground forces (Artesh). The source is Globalsecurity.org for the first three lists, and http://thearkenstone.blogspot.co.nz/2009/12/identifying-units-of-iranian-armed.html for the final series of notes.

Contents
  • 1 Army Order of Battle (Localities)
  • 2 Army Order of Battle, circa 1998
  • 3 Imperial Army Order of Battle, circa 1970s
    • 3.1 Arkenstone assessment
    • 3.2 References
Army Order of Battle (Localities)
First Army Headquarters Tehran
Second Army Headquarters Esfahan
Third Army Headquarters Shiraz
28th Mechanized Division Kerman
35th Mechanized Division Khorramabad
84th Mechanized Division Shiraz
2nd Armored Division Dezful
16th Armored Division Qazvin, Qasr-e Shirin region
18th Armored Division Tehran
81st Armored Division Sistan
88th Armored Division Ahvaz
92nd Armored Division Khuzestan
30th Infantry Division Tehran
40th Infantry Division Hamadan
58th Infantry Division Ahvaz
64th Infantry Division Bandar 'E Mah Shahr
77th Infantry Division Khorasan
79th Infantry Division Tabriz
84th Infantry Division Lorestan
23rd Special Forces Division Tehran
55th Parachute Division Tehran
351st SSM Brigade Tehran
75th Logistics Brigade
22nd Artillery Division
23rd Artillery Division
44th Artillery Division
55th Artillery Division
Army Order of Battle, circa 1998
Southern Operations Sector (Dezful) Northern Operations Sector (Rezaiyeh) Western Operations Sector (Kermanshah)
81st/92nd? Armored Division 28th Mechanized Infantry Division 16th/18th? Armored Division
45th Commando Brigade 64th Infantry Division 81st Armored Division
40th Infantry Brigade 84th Mechanized Infantry Division
25th Commando Brigade 23rd Commando Division
11th Artillery Division 35th Commando Brigade
58th Commando Brigade
22nd Artillery Division
23rd Artillery Division
44th Artillery Division
55th Artillery Division
411th Engineer Division
Eastern Operations Sector (Birjand) Airmobile Forces Group
88th Armored Division 29th Commando Division (Airmobile)
30th Infantry Division 55th Airborne Division
77th Infantry Division
Sources:
  • Bomba, Ty "Back to Iraq: Speculations on Gulf War II" (Issue 50, 1998).
  • Liebl, Vern "The Iranian Armed Forces Today. (Issue 41, 1998).
Imperial Army Order of Battle, circa 1970s
16th Armored Division Ghazvin
81st Armored Division Kermanshah
92nd Armored Division Khuzestan
88th Armored Division Sistan
1st Infantry Imperial Guard Division E. Azarbaijan (21st Infantry Div. after the Revolution)
2nd Imperial Guard Division E. Azarbaijan (21st Infantry Div. after the Revolution)
28th Infantry Division Kurdestan
30th Infantry Division Golestan
64th Infantry Division (Iran) W. Azerbaijan
77th Infantry Division Khorasan
84th Infantry Division Lorestan
55th Airborne Brigade Fars (Division during the war with Iraq)
56th Airborne Brigade Tehran (Division during the war with Iraq)
23rd Airborne Division (NOHED) Tehran
37th Armored Brigade Fars
11th Artillery Group E.Azarbaijan
22nd Artillery Group
33rd Artillery Group Tehran
44th Artillery Group
55th Artillery Group
99th Air Defence Group
4 Hawk missiles Battalions
Source:
  • Imperial Iranian Ground Forces at Sarbazan
Arkenstone assessment

According to the Iranian military blog site the Arkenstone, the Iranian Order of Battle is as follows:

We know that the 2nd brigade of this division has the following composition: - 3 Infantry commando battalions - 1 Air defence battalion - 1 Artillery battalion - 1 Instruction battalion

The division itself frequently conducts war games and exercises indicating a high level of training within the division. Luckily for us that mean that there are also lots of good images to analyze.

The armour itself is composed of T-72 tanks painted in a stripe brown pattern. The T-72’s used are probably T-72S’s, rather than the lower quality T-72M1’s, but there is no way of confirming this as the Iranians have added ERA to both models. These tanks are supported by BMP-2’s painted in a similar manner as well as a very small number of BMP-1’s, though it is possible they have been completely phased out by now.. M60 tanks also appear to be deployed in this division, but when they are, they are deployed as second-line armour, usually only in the infantry support role rather than as armour. There are often static defensive positions along the border serving as fortified firing positions.

Speaking of infantry, there appears to be a very large infantry portion of this division, likely due to the fact that there is not a dedicated infantry division located immediately adjacent to them. They wear US-style woodland BDU's and M1 helmets, normally without covers, though sometimes with netting and more recently, painted in camouflage, often garishly like, though not quite rivalling, the paint on the Tosan, Zulfiqar, and Safir. Individual weaponry includes both the AK-47 and the G3, though by far the latter is most common and is regulated by unit. Squad support weaponry is most likely the PKM, though not much information is available on it, it is most likely deployed at a lesser rate then to the. Recoilless rifles and 107 mm rockets are deployed fairly frequently; often in conjunction with Jeeps. The infantry are occasionally supported with M113 and BTR APC’s, both with and without TOW’s. Overall quality of the equipment within the infantry support seems to be lower than of those within the dedicated infantry divisions, for instance, their rifles tend to be older models, their uniforms are second hand and they use older Jeep’s instead of the Safir. Artillery support within the division is provided the M109, note, most likely not the Raad-2, also used are the towed M-46 130 mm artillery piece and Grad or Arash 122 mm rockets. MANPAD’s such as the newer Misagh-2 and older Misagh-1 as well as zu-23-2’s, both towed and mounted on trucks, provide embedded anti-aircraft support, though there are dedicated air-defence battalions existing, utilizing, at minimum, the HAWK system. These are divided into three brigades, but it is unclear how it is divided further.

This would mean that it would be an extremely light division, being only around 130 tanks total. Examining this further we only get two half-strength tank battalions. This is extremely weak for an entire division, but keep in mind that this units main enemy are poorly armed Sunni-rebels. The terrain also is extremely rugged, unsuitable for large armoured formations. Infantry support within the division is much like that in the 92nd, generic army infantry with woodland camouflage uniforms and G3 rifles, MG-3s and RPGs.

They armed with the G3 rifle and make frequent use of support arms such as mortars, short range rockets, RPG's, MANPADS, and recoilless rifles. They use the M1 steel helmet. They make use of the IRIN’s stock of hovercraft for amphibious assault operations as well as smaller Zodiac and Boghammer style boats. They also use naval UH-1’s and SH-3’s for helicopter. While on land they make use of motorbikes and small jeeps.

Tags:Ahvaz, Armed, Azarbaijan, Azerbaijan, Birjand, Dezful, Esfahan, Fars, Golestan, Gorgan, Hamadan, Hamedan, Iran, Iranian, Iranian Army, Iraq, Kerman, Kermanshah, Khorasan, Khorramabad, Khuzestan, Lorestan, Mashhad, Military history of Iran, Pakistan, Qazvin, RPG, Revolutionary Guards, Rezaiyeh, SH, Sacred, Safir, Shiraz, Sistan, Sunni, TOW, Tabriz, Tehran, US, Wikipedia, Zahedan, Zanjan




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