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هند ، هندوستان‌

Country located in southern Asia: India has been inhabited for thousands of years. Agriculture in India dates back to the 7th millennium B.C, and an urban civilization, that of the Indus valley, was established by 2600 B.C. Buddhism and Jainism arose in the 6th century B.C in reaction to the caste-based society created by the Vedic religion and its successor, Hinduism. Muslim invasions began AD 1000, establishing the long-lived Delhi sultanate in 1206 and the Mughal dynasty in 1526. Vasco da Gama's voyage to India in 1498 initiated several centuries of commercial rivalry among the European conquests in the 18th and 19th centuries led to the rule of the British East India Company, and direct administration by the British Empire began in 1858. After Gandhi helped end British rule in 1947, Jawaherlaal Nehru became India's first prime minister, and he, his daughter Indira Gandhi, and grandson Rajiv Gandhi guided the nation's destiny for all but a few years until 1991. The subcontinent was partitioned into two countries: India, with a Hindu majority, and Pakistan, with a Muslim majorityin 1947. A later clash with Pakistan resulted in the creation of Bangladesh in 1971. As a result of British colonization, ethnic and religious conflicts took place in India. The Kashmir region in the northwest has been a source of constant tension with Pakistan. (Wikipedia) - India, officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second-most populous country with over 1.2 billion people, and the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west; Bhutan, the People's Republic of China and Nepal to the northeast; and Bangladesh and Burma to the east. In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives; in addition, India's Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia. Home to the ancient Indus Valley Civilization and a region of historic trade routes and vast empires, the Indian subcontinent was identified with its commercial and cultural wealth for much of its long history. Four of the world's major religionsu2014Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhismu2014originated here, whereas Zoroastrianism, Christianity and Islam arrived in the 1st millennium CE and also helped shape the region's diverse culture. Gradually controlled by the British East India Company from the early 18th century and directly administered by the United Kingdom from the mid-19th century, India became an independent nation in 1947 after a struggle for independence which was marked by non-violent resistance led by Mahatma Gandhi. The Indian economy is the world's tenth largest economy by nominal GDP and fourth largest economy by purchasing power parity. Following market-based economic reforms in 1991, India has become one of the fastest growing major economies, and is considered a newly industrialized country; howev

Tags:Asia, Bangladesh, Bengal, Bhutan, British, Burma, China, Christianity, Delhi, East India Company, India, Indira Gandhi, Indonesia, Indus, Islam, Kashmir, Mughal, Muslim, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Thailand, United Kingdom, Vasco da Gama, Wikipedia

See All 7 items matching India in Media Gallery

The ancient world map of Eratosthenes from c. 194 BC reconstructed 19th century:.Bunbury, E.H. (1811-1895), A History of Ancient Geography among the Greeks and Romans from the Earliest Ages till the Fall of the Roman Empire. London: John Murray, 1883.
A postal stamp from India issued in 1971 in memory of Achaemenid king Cyrus The Great after the 2500 years celebrations in Perspolis. Cyrus was the founder of Iran and the Cyrus Cylinder is known to be world's first charter of human rights.
Mohammad Reza Shah and Queen Farah Diba visited India in 1970 Indira Gandhi Minister of Home Affairs. Indira was the only daughter of Jawaherlaal Nehru. Shah is wearing a military uniform and Farah is wearing a nice summer dress.
A miniature from Padeshahnameh shows Safavid governors of Ghandahar Surrendering the Citadel to Shah Jahan in 1638. Shah Abbas 2 personally leaded an army and drove Indian invaders out of Ghandahar on Jan, 3, 1649.
Indian Embassy in Tehran : Indian Ambassador Dr. Tara Chand accompanies Prime Minister Hossein Ala. There is a map of India and the figure of Mahatma Gandhi on the right
India's Prime Minister Javaherlaal Nehru, Queen Sorayya, Mohammad Reza Shah, and Indian President Dr. Rajendra Prasad before their return from an official visit to India.

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