Alphabetic Index : A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Search β):

Havana

Habana

هاوانا


Cuba_Havana_University_Mahmoud_Ahmadinejad_2012.jpg
Capital city and port of Cuba located on the Gulf of Mexico. Havana is the largest city in the Caribbean, it is Cuba's chief port, and it has one of the best harbours in the Western Hemisphere. It was founded by the Spanish in 1515 and moved to its present location in 1519. Made the capital of Cuba in 1592, it was Spain's chief naval station in the New World. Its harbour was the scene of the destruction of the U.S. battleship Maine in 1898, the immediate cause of the Spanish-American War. Before 1959, when Fidel Castro came to power, Havana was a haven for U.S. tourists, offering gambling and showy nightlife. In addition to being Cuba's commercial and industrial centre, it contains many buildings reflecting Spanish colonial style, including the cathedral (1704) that formerly contained Christopher Columbus's tomb, the Palace of the Captains General, and Morro Castle. Central Havana is now a World Heritage site. (Wikipedia) - Havana, is the capital city, major port, and leading commercial centre of Cuba. The city is one of the 15 Cuban provinces. The city/province has 2.1 million inhabitants, the largest city in Cuba and in the Caribbean region. The city extends mostly westward and southward from the bay, which is entered through a narrow inlet and which divides into three main harbours: Marimelena, Guanabacoa, and Ataru00E9s. The sluggish Almendares River traverses the city from south to north, entering the Straits of Florida a few miles west of the bay. Havana was founded by the Spanish in the 16th century and due of its strategic location it served as a springboard for the Spanish conquest of the continent becoming a stopping point for the treasure laden Spanish Galleons on the crossing between the New World and the Old World. King Philip II of Spain granted Havana the title of City in 1592. The Spaniards began building fortifications, and in 1553 they transferred the governor's residence to Havana from Santiago de Cuba on the eastern end of the island, thus making Havana the de facto capital. The importance of harbour fortifications was early recognized as English, French, and Dutch sea marauders attacked the city in the 16th century. The sinking of the U.S. battleship Maine in Havana's harbor in 1898 was the immediate cause of the Spanish-American War. Contemporary Havana can essentially be described as three cities in one: Old Havana, Vedado, and the newer suburban districts. Present day, the city is the center of the Cuban government, and various ministries and headquarters of businesses are based there. Havana This article is about the capital of Cuba. For other uses, see Havana (disambiguation). Havana —  City  — La Habana Collage of Havana Coat of arms Nickname(s): City of Columns HavanaLocation in Cuba Coordinates: 23°08′N 082°23′W / 23.133°N 82.383°W / 23.133; -82.383Coordinates: 23°08′N 082°23′W / 23.133°N 82.383°W / 23.133; -82.383 Country Cuba Province La Habana Founded 1515a City status 1592 Municipalities 15 Government  • Type Mayor-council  • Mayor Marta Hernández (PCC) Area  • Total 728.26 km2 (281.18 sq mi) Elevation 59 m (194 ft) Population (2010) Official Census Tags:American, Capital, Cuba, Dutch, Fidel Castro, Florida, French, Havana, Spain, Wikipedia




See also items containing :Havana

Related History Articles:

Add definition or comments on Havana

Your Name / Alias:
E-mail:
Definition / Comments
neutral points of view
Source / SEO Backlink:
Anti-Spam Check
Enter text above
Upon approval, your definition will be listed under: Havana





Happy Amordadgan 1393

Home About us / Contact    Products    Services    Iranian History Today    Top Iran Links    Iranian B2B Web Directory    Historical Glossary
Copyright @ 2004-2013 fouman.com All Rights Iranian