Gobryas was a common name of several
Persian noblemen. Gobryas was one of the generals of
Cyrus the Great. Gobryas played an important role in the
Persian capture of
Babylon in October 539 BCE. According to the Chronicle of
Nabonidus (year seventeen), he was the governor of Gutium and the first to enter the conquered capital of the
Babylonians, where he arrested the last king of Babylonia, Nabonidus and appointed several officials. He died a few weeks later, on March, 4 538. His successor was
Nabu-ahhe-bullit, who may -to judge from his name- have been a Babylonian.
There are several documents which are dated to his governorship, including a letter dated in the last days of 535 BCE which suggests that Nabu-ahhe-bullit was succeeded by another governor named Gobryas.
Wikipedia) - Gobryas was a common name of several Persian noblemen. The English form Gobryas is derived from the
Greek rendering of this name. Gobryas A relief at
Naqsh-e Rustam with
Ardeshir I and unidentified cavalier. This Persian rock relief depicts
Ardashir I Coronation scene; the first king of the
Sassanid Empire of
Iran. Ardashir receives the ribboned diadem (cydaris), the symbol of kingship, from the spirit of
Darius the Great of the
Achaemenid dynasty. Under the horse of the King Ardashir lies the last of the
Artabanus. Under the horse of King Darius lies Gaumāta the usurper, a
Magian. The relief of Ardashir is, therefore, the legitimization of the new
Sassanian dynasty by the pre-Alexander Achaemenid dynasty. The inscription in Persian, Parthian, and Greek, reads: This is the image of the Hormizd-worshipping Majesty Ardashir, whose origin is of the gods.
Gobryas (old Persian: Gaubaruva "beef-eater", Elamite: Kambarma) was a common name of several Persian noblemen. The English form Gobryas is derived from the Greek rendering of this name.
- 1 Gobryas (Cyrus the Great's general)
- 2 Gobryas (the helper of Darius the Great)
- 3 References
- 4 External links
Gobryas (Cyrus the Great's general)
This Gobryas is mentioned in the Cyropedia of Xenophon as a general who helped in the conquering of Babylon.
The A.K. Grayson translation of the Nabonidus Chronicle based on that of T.G. Pinches, considers both the names Ugbaru and Gubaru found in the latter to be references to this Gobryas. However the names are distinct in the text and refer to two different individuals, the one called Gubaru being the ruler placed over Babylon thus corresponding to Cyaxares of the Cyropedia (and the Darius the Mede of the Bible) not Gobryas. Ugbaru remains a candidate for Gobryas being described as the ruler of the region of Gutium dying soon after the conquest of Babylon similarly to Xenophon's portrayal of Gobryas as an elderly "Assyrian" ruler.
Gobryas (the helper of Darius the Great)
One of the six helpers of Darius in killing Gaumāta in September 522 mentioned by Herodotus. He was appointed as Darius' lance carrier (arštibara). He is represented on the Behistun inscription and on Darius' tomb in Naqsh-e Rustam, as
Gobryas from Pâtišuvariš, the lance carrier of king Darius
Pâtišuvariš, is perhaps the mountainous region north of Alborz in northern Iran, probably Mazandaran. In 521, he was sent to Elam to defeat the rebel king Atamaita; after this, he served as satrap of Elam. Gobryas married to the sister of Darius, Artazostre or Radušdukda.
They had a son, Mardonius, one of the generals of Xerxes during campaign to Greece. Mardonius became the son-in-law of Darius I of Persia when he married Darius’ daughter Artozostra.
A daughter of Gobryas, from an earlier marriage, was married to Darius.