was a common name of several Persian
noblemen. Gobryas was one of the generals of Cyrus the Great
. Gobryas played an important role in the Persian capture of Babylon
in October 539 BCE. According to the Chronicle of Nabonidus
(year seventeen), he was the governor of Gutium and the first to enter the conquered capital of the Babylonians, where he arrested the last king of Babylonia
, Nabonidus and appointed several officials. He died a few weeks later, on March, 4 538. His successor was Nabu
-ahhe-bullit, who may -to judge from his name- have been a Babylonian.There are several documents which are dated to his governorship, including a letter dated in the last days of 535 BCE which suggests that Nabu-ahhe-bullit was succeeded by another governor named Gobryas. (Wikipedia
) - Gobryas
Gobryas (old Persian: Gaubaruva "beef-eater", Elamite: Kambarma) was a common name of several Persian noblemen. The English form Gobryas is derived from the Greek (Greek: Γοβρύας) rendering of this name.
- 1 Gobryas (Cyrus the Great''s general)
- 2 Gobryas (the helper of Darius the Great)
- 3 References
- 4 External links
Gobryas (Cyrus the Great''s general)
This Gobryas is mentioned in the Cyropedia of Xenophon as a general who helped in the conquering of Babylon.
The A.K. Grayson translation of the Nabonidus Chronicle based on that of T.G. Pinches, considers both the names Ugbaru and Gubaru found in the latter to be references to this Gobryas. However the names are distinct in the text and refer to two different individuals, the one called Gubaru being the ruler placed over Babylon thus corresponding to Cyaxares of the Cyropedia (and the Darius the Mede of the Bible) not Gobryas. Ugbaru remains a candidate for Gobryas being described as the ruler of the region of Gutium dying soon after the conquest of Babylon similarly to Xenophon''s portrayal of Gobryas as an elderly "Assyrian" ruler. According to William H. Shea Ugbaru and Gubaru is the same person, being the ruler placed over Babylon, dying soon after the conquest of Babylon
Gobryas (the helper of Darius the Great)
One of the six helpers of Darius in killing Gaumāta in September 522 mentioned by Herodotus. He was appointed as Darius'' lance carrier (arštibara). He is represented on the Behistun inscription and on Darius'' tomb in Naqsh-e Rustam, as
Gobryas from Pâtišuvariš, the lance carrier of king Darius
Pâtišuvariš may be the mountainous region north of Alborz in northern Iran, probably Mazandaran. In 521, he was sent to Elam to defeat the rebel king Atamaita; after this, he served as satrap of Elam.
Gobryas'' family was closely entwined with the family of Darius the Great. Gobryas married the sister of Darius, known variously as Artazostre or Radušdukda. Mardonius, their son, married Darius'' daughter Artazostre. And a daughter of Gobryas, from an earlier marriage, was married to Darius.
Tags:Alborz, Assyrian, Babylon, Babylonia, Bible, Cyaxares, Cyrus, Cyrus the Great, Darius the Great, Darius the Mede, Elam, Elamite, Gobryas, Greek, Herodotus, Iran, Mardonius, Mazandaran, Nabonidus, Nabu, Naqsh-e Rustam, Persian, Rustam, Wikipedia, Xenophon