Section: Person /Thursday 29th November 2007

Alphabetic Index : A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Search β):



Country in central Europe : Arian tribes entered Germany around 2nd century BC, displacing the Celts. The Romans failed to conquer the region, which became a political entity only with the division of the Carolingian empire in the 9th century AD. The monarchy's control was weak, and power increasingly devolved upon the nobility, organized in feudal states. The monarchy was restored under Saxon rule in the 10th century, and the Holy Roman Empire, centring on Germany and northern Italy, was revived. Continuing conflict between the Holy Roman emperors and the Roman Catholic popes undermined the empire, and its dissolution was accelerated by Martin Luther's revolt (1517), which divided Germany, and ultimately Europe, into Protestant and Catholic camps, culminating in the Thirty Years' War (1618-1648). Germany's population and borders were greatly reduced, and its numerous feudal princes gained virtually full sovereignty. In 1862 Otto von Bismarck came to power in Prussia and in 1871 reunited Germany in the German Empire. It was dissolved in 1918 after the German defeat in World War I, and the Weimar Republic was declared. Germany was stripped of much of its territory and all of its colonies. In 1933 Adolf Hitler became chancellor and established a totalitarian state, the Third Reich, dominated by the Nazi Party. Hitler's invasion of Poland in 1939 plunged the world into World War II. Following its defeat in 1945, Germany was divided by the Allied Powers into four zones of occupation. Disagreement with the Soviet Union over their reunification led to the creation in 1949 of the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) and the German Democratic Republic (East Germany). Berlin, the former capital, remained divided. West Germany became a prosperous parliamentary democracy, East Germany a one-party state under Soviet control. The East German communist government was overthrown peacefully in 1989, and Germany was reunited in 1990. (Wikipedia) - Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany, is a federal parliamentary republic in Europe. The country consists of sixteen states while the capital and largest city is Berlin. It covers an area of 357,021 km and has a largely temperate seasonal climate. With 81.8 million inhabitants, it is the most populous member state and the largest economy in the European Union. It is one of the major political powers of the European continent and a technological leader in many fields. A region named Germania, inhabited by several Germanic peoples, was documented before AD 100. During the Migration Age, the Germanic tribes expanded southward, and established successor kingdoms throughout much of Europe. Beginning in the 10th century, German territories formed a central part of the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation. During the 16th century, northern German regions became the centre of the Protestant Reformation while southern and western parts remained dominated by Roman Catholic denominations, with the two factions clashing in the Thirty Years' War. Occupied during the Napoleonic Wars, rising Pan-Germanism resulted in the unification of most of the German states in 1871, with the inception of the Prussian-dominated G

Tags:Adolf Hitler, Allied Powers, Berlin, Bismarck, European Union, German, Germany, Hitler, Italy, Nazi, Poland, Prussia, Prussian, Reich, Roman, Soviet, Soviet Union, Weimar, West Germany, Wikipedia, World War I, World War II

See Also:Germany

See All 8 items matching Germany in Media Gallery

Hostage Crisis ended after signing the Algiers accord on Jan, 19, 1981. Two days later, first group of Americans are release and they arrive at the US base in Stratoliner Germany. Unfortunately, US remained hostile not following the path towards peace.
On June, 2, 1967 Mohammad Reza Shah visited West-Berlin. This picture from Der Spiegel shows the tragic moment of Benno Ohnesorg’s death, a student who was shot during anti-Shah protests. A female student is holding his head.
US hostages departing from Germany on an airplane after being held for 444 days. The US embassy staff were engaged in acts of espionage. US backed coup of 1953 and hostility towards Iran were among causes of extremism by revolutionary students.
Tomb of Pahlavi Queen Sorayya Esfandiari in Westfriedhof Munich/Germany, along with her parents and brother. Queen Sorayya died of undisclosed causes in her apartment in Paris, France; she was 69.
Colonel Pesyan during pilot training in Germany. He was the first trained Iranian pilot who served in German Airforce and was rewarded with the Eisernes Kreuz Medal for shooting down more than 25 enemy aircraft during World War I.
A Persian onager in a Zoo in Germany. Onagers are fast and the world’s fastest wild equid and that has been a tempting characteristic for hunters. The Sassanid king Bahram 5th is also called Goor (Persian onager) because of his passion for hunting them.

See also items containing :Germany

Related History Articles:

Collaborative / Contributory Wiki References-Germany

Add definition or comments on Germany

Your Name / Alias:
Definition / Comments
neutral points of view
Source / SEO Backlink:
Anti-Spam Check
Enter text above
Upon approval, your definition will be listed under: Germany

Happy Shahrivargan 1393

Home About us / Contact    Products    Services    Iranian History Today    Top Iran Links    Iranian B2B Web Directory    Historical Glossary
Copyright @ 2004-2013 All Rights Iranian